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[2] Of Prudence as regards the state, one kind, as supreme and directive, is called Legislative Science1; the other, as dealing with particular occurrences, has the name, Political Science, that really belongs to both kinds. The latter is concerned with action and deliberation (for a parliamentary enactment is a thing to be done, being the last step2 in a deliberative process), and this is why it is only those persons who deal with particular facts who are spoken of as ‘taking part in politics,’ because it is only they who perform actions, like the workmen in an industry.3

1 In the Greek city-state legislature was not regarded as the normal function of parliament, but of a founder or reformer of the constitution, or of a special legislative commission.

2 Cf. 3.3.12.

3 In contrast with the law-giver and the master-craftsman respectively.

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