Another method, suitable for the accuser, is to
praise something unimportant at great length, and to condemn something important
concisely; or, putting forward several things that are praiseworthy in the
opponent, to condemn the one thing that has an important bearing upon the case.
are most artful and unfair; for by their use men
endeavor to make what is good in a man injurious to him, by mixing it up with
what is bad.
Another method is common to both accuser and defender. Since the same thing may
have been done from several motives, the accuser must disparage it by taking it
in the worse sense, while the defender must take it in the better sense. For
instance, when Diomedes chose Odysseus for his companion, it may be said on the
one hand that he did so because he considered him to be the bravest of men, on
the other, that it was because Odysseus was the only man who was no possible
rival for him, since he was a poltroon. Let this suffice for the question of