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Frigidity of style arises from four causes: first, the use of compound words, as when Lycophron1 speaks of the “many-faced sky of the mighty-topped earth,” “narrow-passaged shore”; and Gorgias of “a begging-poet flatterer,”
“those who commit perjury and those who swear right solemnly.2” And as Alcidamas says, “the soul full of anger and the face fire-colored,” “he thought that their zeal would be end-accomplishing,” “he made persuasive words end-accomplishing,” and “the azure-colored floor of the sea,” for all these appear poetical because they are compound.

1 A sophist, not the poet (author of the obscure Alexander or Cassandra), who was later than Aristotle.

2 Lobeck conjectured κατεπιορκήσαντας, “who commit out-and-out perjury.”

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