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[3]

The island was called, not only Macris, but also Abantis; at any rate, the poet, although he names Euboea, never names its inhabitants "Euboeans," but always "Abantes":“And those who held Euboea, the courage-breathing Abantes . . .
1“And with him2 followed the Abantes.
3 Aristotle4 says that Thracians, setting out from the Phocian Aba, recolonized the island and renamed those who held it "Abantes." Others derive the name from a hero,5 just as they derive "Euboea" from a heroine.6 But it may be, just as a certain cave on the coast which fronts the Aegaean, where Io is said to have given birth to Epaphus, is called Böos Aule,7 that the island got the name Euboea8 from the same cause. The island was also called Oche; and the largest of its mountains bears the same name. And it was also named Ellopia, after Ellops the son of Ion. Some say that he was the brother of Aïclus and Cothus; and he is also said to have founded Ellopia, a place in Oria, as it is called, in Histiaeotis9 near the mountain Telethrius, and to have added to his dominions Histiaea, Perias, Cerinthus, Aedepsus, and Orobia; in this last place was an oracle most averse to falsehood (it was an oracle of Apollo Selinuntius). The Ellopians migrated to Histiaea and enlarged the city, being forced to do so by Philistides the tyrant, after the battle of Leuctra. Demosthenes says that Philistides was set up by Philip as tyrant of the Oreitae too;10 for thus in later times the Histiaeans were named, and the city was named Oreus instead of Histiaea. But according to some writers, Histiaea was colonized by Athenians from the deme of the Histiaeans, as Eretria was colonized from that of the Eretrians. Theopompus says that when Pericles overpowered Euboea the Histiaeans by agreement migrated to Macedonia, and that two thousand Athenians who formerly composed the deme of the Histiaeans came and took up their abode in Oreus.

1 Hom. Il. 2.536

2 Elephenor.

3 Hom. Il. 2.542

4 Aristotle of Chalcis wrote a work on Euboea, but it is no longer extant. He seems to have flourished in the fourth century B.C.

5 Abas, founder of Aba, who later conquered Euboea and reigned over it (Stephanus Byzantinus, s.v. Α῎βαι and Α᾿βαντίς).

6 On the heroine "Euboea," see Pauly-Wissowa, s.v. "Euboea"(4).

7 Cow's Stall.

8 i.e., from the Greek words "eu" (well) and "bous" (cow).

9 Or Hestiaeotis (see 9. 5. 3 and footnote 2).

10 Dem. 9.32 (119 Reiske).

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