First, he stated that the earth was entirely encompassed by the ocean, as in truth it is; afterwards he described the countries, specifying some by name, others more generally by various indications, explicitly defining Libya,1 Ethiopia, the Sidonians, and the Erembi (by which latter are probably intended the Troglodyte Arabians); and alluding to those farther east and west as the lands washed by the ocean, for in ocean he believed both the sun and constellations to rise and set.
“ Now from the gently-swelling flood profound”
The sun arising, with his earliest rays,
In his ascent to heaven smote on the fields.2Iliad vii. 421
The stars also he describes as bathed in the ocean.4
“And now the radiant sun in ocean sank,”
Dragging night after him o'er all the earth.3Iliad viii. 485