The extent of this sea-coast as we sail in a direct line from Rhœteium to Sigeium, and the monument of Achilles, is 60 stadia. The whole of the coast lies below the present Ilium; the part near the port of the Achæans,1 distant from the present Ilium about 12 stadia, and thirty stadia more from the ancient Ilium,2 which is higher up in the part towards Ida. Near the Sigeium is a temple and monument of Achilles, and monuments also of Patroclus and Anthlochus.3 The Ilienses perform sacred ceremonies in honour of them all, and even of Ajax. But they do not worship Hercules, alleging as a reason that he ravaged their country. Yet some one might say that he laid it waste in such a manner that lie left it to future spoilers in an injured condition indeed, but still in the condition of a city; wherefore the poet expresses himself in this manner,
Let us, however, dismiss this subject, for the discussion leads to the refutation of fables only, and probably there may be reasons unknown to us which induced the Ilienses to worship some of these persons, and not others. The poet seems, in speaking of Hercules, to represent the city as small, since he ravaged the city
“ He ravaged the city of Ilium, and made its streets desolate,”Il. v. 612.
From these words it appears that Priam from a small became a great person, and a king of kings, as we have already said. A short way from this coast is the Achæïum, situated on the continent opposite Tenedos.
“ with six ships only, and a small band of men.4”Il. v. 641.