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Such is the nature of the interior parts of the district of Seleuceia.

The remainder of the navigation along the coast from Laodiceia is such as I shall now describe.

Near Laodiceia are the small cities, Poseidium, Heracleium, and Gabala. Then follows the maritime tract1 of the Aradii, where are Paltus,2 Balanæa, and Carnus,3 the arsenal of Aradus, which has a small harbour; then Enydra,4 and Marathus, an ancient city of the Phœnicians in ruins. The Aradii5 divided the territory by lot. Then follows the district Simyra.6 Continuous with these places is Orthosia,7 then the river Eleutherus, which some make the boundary of Seleucis towards Phœnicia and Cœle-Syria.

1 παοͅαλία, but this is a correction for παλαιά, which Letronne proposes to correct for πεοͅαία, which is supported in § 13, below. The part of the continent opposite, and belonging to an island, was properly called Peræa, of which there are many examples. That part of Asia Minor which is opposite Rhodes was so called, b. xiv. c. v. § 11, as also the coast opposite Tenedos, b. xiii. c. i. § 46. Peræa was also adopted as a proper name. Livy, xxxiii. 18.

2 Pococke places Paltus at Boldo; Shaw, at the ruins at the mouth of the Melleck, six miles from Jebilee, the ancient Gabala.

3 Carnoon.

4 Ain-el-Hiyeh.

5 According to Pococke, the ruins of Aradus (Ruad) are half a mile to the north of Tortosa (Antaradus). It is remarkable that Strabo makes no mention of Antaradus, situated on the continent opposite Aradus; Pliny is the first author who speaks of it. Probably the place only became of note subsequent to the time of Strabo, and acquired power at the expense of some of the small towns here mentioned. Antaradus, reëstablished by Constantine, assumed the name of Constantia

6 Sumrah.

7 Ortosa.

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