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 Next to the Sea of Sicily, are the Cretan, Saronic,1 and Myrtoan Seas, comprised between Crete, Argia,2 and Attica.3 Their greatest breadth, measured from Attica, is 1200 stadia, and their length not quite double the distance. Within are included the Islands of Cythera,4 Calauria,5 Ægina,6 Salamis,7 and certain of the Cyclades.8 Adjacent to these are the Ægæan Sea,9 the Gulf of Melas,10 the Hellespont,11 the Icarian and Carpathian Seas,12 as far as Rhodes, Crete, Cnidus, and the commencement of Asia. [In these seas] are the Cyclades, the Sporades, and the islands opposite Caria, Ionia, and Æolia, as far as the Troad, namely, Cos,13 Samos,14 Chios,15 Lesbos,16 and Tenedos;17 likewise on the Grecian side as far as Macedonia and the borders of Thrace, Eubœa,18 Scyros,19 Peparethus,20 Lemnos,21 Thasos,22 Imbros,23 Samothracia,24 and numerous others, of which it is our intention to speak in detail. The length of this sea is about 4000 stadia, or rather more,25 its breadth about 2000.26 It is surrounded by the coast of Asia above mentioned, and by those of Greece from Sunium27 northwards to the Thermaic Gulf28 and the Gulfs of Macedonia,29 and as far as the Thracian Chersonesus.30
1 The Gulf of Engia.
2 A district of the Peloponnesus.
3 A part of the modern Livadia.
5 Poro, or Poros, near the little Island of Damala, and connected to it by a sand-bank.
6 Egina or Engia.
8 Islands surrounding Delos.
10 The Gulf of Saros.
11 The Dardanelles.
12 The sea surrounding the Islands of Icaria and Carpathos, now Nikaria and Scarpanto.
18 Egripo, or Negropont.
20 Probably Piperi; others suppose it to be Skopelo or Pelagonesi.
25 The distance from the southern coast of Crete to the northern shores of the Ægæan is just 4200 stadia, or 120 marine leagues.
26 This is just the distance from Cape Colonna to Rhodes.
27 Cape Colonna.
28 The Gulf of Saloniki.
29 Those of Kassandra, Monte-Santo, and Contessa.
30 The peninsula of Gallipoli.
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