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And first, we may observe how frequently Argos is mentioned by the poet, both by itself and with the epithet designating it as Achæan Argos, Argos Jasum, Argos Hippium, or Hippoboton, or Pelasgicum. The city, too, is called Argos,

“ Argos and Sparta—1

Il. iv. 52.
those who occupied Argos

“ and Tiryns;2

Il. 559.
and Peloponnesus is called Argos,

“ at our house in Argos,3

Il. i. 30.
for the city could not be called his house; and he calls the whole of Greece, Argos, for he calls all Argives, as he calls them Danai, and Achæans. He distinguishes the identity of name by epithets; he calls Thessaly, Pelasgic Argos;

“ all who dwelt in Pelasgic Argos;4

Il. ii. 681.
and the Peloponnesus, the Achæan Argos;

“ if we should return to Achæan Argos;

Il. ix. 141.

“ was he not at Achæan Argos?

Od. iii. 251.
intimating in these lines that the Peloponnesians were called peculiarly Achæans according to another designation.

He calls also the Peloponnesus, Argos Jasum;

“ if all the Achæans throughout Argos Jasum should see you,5

Od. xviii. 245.
meaning Penelope, she then would have a greater number of suitors; for it is not probable that he means those from the whole of Greece, but those from the neighbourhood of Ithaca. He applies also to Argos terms common to other places, ‘pasturing horses,’ and ‘abounding with horses.’

1 Il. iv. 52.

2 Il. 559.

3 Il. i. 30.

4 Il. ii. 681.

5 Od. xviii. 245.

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