Carthagena Captured and Looted
As soon as they found themselves in possession of
The city entered and given up to the sword.
the wall, the Romans began making their way along the top of it,
hurling off such of the enemy as they met, the nature of
their arms being especially suited for an operation of that
sort. But when they arrived at the gate they descended and
began cutting through the bolts, while those without began
forcing their way in, and those who were mounting the walls
in the direction of the isthmus, beginning by this time to get
the better of their opponents, were getting a footing on the
battlements. Thus the walls were finally in possession of the
enemy: and the troops, which entered by the gate, carried the
eastern hill and drove off the garrison occupying it.
When Scipio thought that a sufficient number of troops
had entered the town, he gave leave to the larger number of
them to attack those in it, according to the Roman custom,
with directions to kill everything they met, and to spare
nothing; and not to begin looting until they got the order
to do so. The object of this is, I suppose, to strike terror.
Accordingly, one may often see in towns captured by the
Romans, not only human beings who have been put to the
sword, but even dogs cloven down the middle, and the limbs
of other animals hewn off. On this occasion the amount of
such slaughter was exceedingly great, because of the numbers
included in the city.
Scipio himself with about a thousand men now pressed on
Mago surrenders the citadel.
towards the citadel. When he arrived there,
Mago at first thought of resistance; but afterwards, when he was satisfied that the city
was completely in the power of the enemy, he sent to
demand a promise of his life, and then surrendered. This
being concluded, the signal was given to stop the slaughter:
whereupon the soldiers left off slaying, and
turned to plunder.
When night fell those of
the soldiers to whom this duty had been assigned remained
in the camp, while Scipio with his thousand men bivouacked
in the citadel; and summoning the rest from the dwellinghouses by means of the Tribunes, he ordered them to collect
all their booty into the market-place by maniples, and to
take up their quarters for the night by these several heaps.
He then summoned the light-armed from the camp, and
stationed them upon the eastern hill.
Thus did the Romans become masters of Carthage