Philip V. In Illyria
As soon therefore as the Macedonians approached,
The Acrolissus taken by a feint, and Lissus afterwards.
they began pouring out of the town, confident
in their numbers and in the strength of the places.
The king stationed his peltasts on the level
ground, and ordered the light-armed troops to
advance towards the hills and energetically engage the enemy.
These orders being obeyed, the fight remained doubtful for a
time; but presently Philip's men yielded to the inequality of
the ground, and the superior number of the enemy, and gave
way. Upon their retreating within the ranks of the peltasts,
the sallying party advanced with feelings of contempt, and
having descended to the same level as the peltasts joined battle
with them. But the garrison of the citadel seeing Philip
moving his divisions one after the other slowly to the rear, and
believing that he was abandoning the field, allowed themselves
to be insensibly decoyed out, in their confidence in the strength
of their fortifications; and thus, leaving the citadel by degrees,
kept pouring down by bye-ways into the lower plain, under the
belief that they would have an opportunity of getting booty and
completing the enemy's discomfiture. Meanwhile the division,
which had been lying concealed on the side of the mainland,
rose without being observed, and advanced at a rapid pace.
At their approach the peltasts also wheeled round and charged
the enemy. On this the troops from Lissus
were thrown into
confusion, and, after a straggling retreat, got safely back into
the town; while the garrison which had abandoned the citadel
got cut off from it by the rising of the troops which had been
lying in ambush. The result accordingly was that what
seemed hopeless, namely the capture of the citadel, was
effected at once and without any fighting; while Lissus
not fall until next day, and then only after desperate struggles,
the Macedonians assaulting with vigour and even terrific fury.
Thus Philip having, beyond all expectation, made himself
master of these places, reduced by this exploit all the
neighbouring populations to obedience; so much so that the
greater number of the Illyrians voluntarily surrendered their
cities to his protection; for it had come to be believed that,
after the storming of such strongholds as these, no fortification
and no provision for security could be of any avail against the
might of Philip.