previous next


PROPOSITION 20.

In a circle the angle at the centre is double of the angle at the circumference, when the angles have the same circumference as base.

Let ABC be a circle, let the angle BEC be an angle
at its centre, and the angle BAC an angle at the circumference, and let them have the same circumference BC as base; I say that the angle BEC is double of
the angle BAC.

For let AE be joined and drawn through to F.

Then, since EA is equal to EB,

the angle EAB is also equal to the angle EBA; [I. 5]
therefore the angles EAB, EBA are double of the angle EAB.

But the angle BEF is equal to the angles EAB, EBA; [I. 32] therefore the angle BEF is also double of the angle
EAB.

For the same reason

the angle FEC is also double of the angle EAC.

Therefore the whole angle BEC is double of the whole angle BAC.

Again let another straight line be inflected, and let there be another angle BDC; let DE be joined and produced to G.

Similarly then we can prove that the angle GEC is double of the angle EDC,

of which the angle GEB is double of the angle EDB; therefore the angle BEC which remains is double of the angle BDC.

Therefore etc. Q. E. D. 1

1 let another straight line be inflected, κεκλάσθω δὴ πάλιν (without εὐθεῖα). The verb κλάω (to break off) was the regular technical term for drawing from a point a (broken) straight line which first meets another straight line or curve and is then bent back from it to another point, or (in other words) for drawing straight lines from two points meeting at a point on a curve or another straight line. κεκλάσθαι is one of the geometrical terms the definition of which must according to Aristotle be assumed (Anal. Post. I. 10, 76 b 9).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Greek (J. L. Heiberg, 1883)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: