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1 Cicero's technical terms are difficult because he has to invent them to translate Greek that is perfectly simple: rectum is 'right,' i.e. perfect, absolute. Its opposite is medium, 'mean,' i.e. intermediate, falling short of the ' absolute' and occupying a middle ground; common; ordinary.honestum is ' morally right'; as a noun, 'moral goodness' (= honestas); its opposite is turpe, 'morally wrong. honestas is 'moral rectitude,'—'moral goodness'; 'morality '; its opposite turpitude, 'moral wrong,' ' immorality.' honestus, on the other hand, is always 'honourable '; and honores are always ' offices of honour.'
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