When the trials1
had been completed by Quintus Terentius the praetor, Hostilius and Furius, who were convicted, gave bond the same day to the [p. 203]
when Scipio protested that all the2
money which he had received was in the treasury and that he had no public property, they proceeded to put him in prison.3
Publius Scipio Nasica appealed to the tribunes and delivered a speech full of deserved tributes, not only to the Cornelian gens
as a whole, but specifically to his own family.
The fathers, he said, both of himself and of Publius Africanus and the Lucius Scipio who was being imprisoned, were Gnaeus and Publius Scipio, men of the highest distinction.
After they had, through many years in the land of Spain, against many generals and armies alike of Carthaginians and Spaniards, increased the fame of the Roman name, not only in war but because they had given those peoples an
example of Roman self-control and devotion, both had in the end met death for their fatherland.
While it would have been enough, he continued, to maintain for posterity their standard of glory, Publius Africanus had so far surpassed his father's praises that he had given reason to believe that he was born, not of human blood, but of divine stock.
Lucius Scipio, whose fate was now in question, not to mention what he had done in Spain, in Africa, while serving as his brother's lieutenant, had, as consul, been deemed by the senate worthy to have decreed to him, without recourse to the lot, the province of Asia and the war with King Antiochus, and had been deemed by his brother worthy to be attended to Asia by that brother as his lieutenant, after he had been twice consul and censor and had celebrated a triumph.4
There, that the greatness and glory of the lieutenant might not obscure the consul's fame, it happened that, on the day when [p. 205]
Lucius Scipio defeated Antiochus in pitched battle5
at Magnesia, Publius Scipio was sick at Elaea, some days' journey away.
That army, he went on, was no smaller than that of Hannibal, with which they had fought in Africa; that same Hannibal,6
who had been commander in the Punic War, was there among many other generals of the king. And the war indeed had been so conducted that no one could find fault even with fortune; it was in the peace that ground for accusation was sought; the peace, they said, had been sold.
On this point, he maintained, the ten commissioners were likewise accused, by whose advice the peace had been concluded;7
although some of the ten commissioners had come forward to accuse Gnaeus Manlius, this charge had failed, not only to win belief in his guilt, but even to delay his triumph.