Amphipolis received most of the troops, the nearby cities the rest.
This was the end of the war between the Romans and Perseus, after four years of steady campaigning, and also the end of a kingdom famed over a large part of Europe and all of Asia.
They reckoned Perseus as the twentieth after Caranus, who founded the kingdom.1
Perseus ascended the throne in the consulship of Quintus Fulvius and Lucius Manlius, and was recognized as king by the senate in the consulship of Marcus Junius and Aulus Manlius; his reign lasted eleven years.
The Macedonian nation was of no great reputation until the time of [p. 273]
Philip, son of Amyntas. Later, when it had proceeded2
to expand under him, it was still confined within the bounds of Europe, though embracing all Greece and part of Thrace and Illyricum.
Thereafter it overflowed into Asia, and Alexander, in the thirteen years of his reign, first brought under his sway all the well-nigh boundless empire that had belonged to the Persians, and then traversed Arabia and India, where the Indian Ocean embraces the uttermost ends of the earth.
At that time the empire and name of the Macedonians was greatest on earth;
thereafter at the death of Alexander it was torn into many kingdoms, as each leader snatched at resources for his own account, and its strength was dismembered; yet it endured for a hundred and fifty years3
from the topmost pinnacle of its fortune to its final end.