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1 See §§ 52, 68 sqq., 84–86, which make the meaning of translatio fairly clear. No exact rendering is satisfactory. Literally it means “transference of the charge”: the sense is virtually the same as that of exceptio (a plea made by defendant in bar of plaintiff's action). “Exception” is too unfamiliar and technical a term. “Competence,” despite its vagueness, is perhaps the least unsatisfactory rendering.
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