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خَشَعَ ذ , aor. خَشَعَ , inf. n. خُشُوعٌ, He was, or became, lowly, humble, or submissive; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ اختشع (S, K) and ↓ تخشّع ; (Abu-lFet-h, Ham pp. 24 and 127;) خُشُوعٌ being syn. with خُضُوعٌ: (S, Msb, K:) or خشوع is nearly the same as خضوع: (Lth, K:) or the former is mostly used as meaning in the voice; and the latter, in the necks: (Msb:) or the latter is in the body; and the former is in the voice and in the eyes: (K:) or, as we read in the 'Eyn, the former is nearly the same as the latter, except that the latter is in the body, and signifies the acknowledging of humility and submission, and the former is in the voice and in the eyes; and the like is said in the Nh [and in the Msb in art. خضع]. (TA.) You say, خَشَعَتِ الأَصْوَاتُ The voices were [or shall be (as in the Kur xx. 107]) still and low: (Msb:) or low: or, as some say, still. (TA.) And خَشَعَ بِبَصَرِهِ He lowered his eye. (S.) And ↓ اختشع and ↓ تخشّع He cast his eye towards the ground, and lowered his voice. (TA.) Lth says that you say, فُلَانٌ ↓ اختشع , but not اختشع بِبَصَرِهِ. (TA.) And خَشَعَ بَصَرُهُ His eye became contracted. (TA.) And خَشَعَتْ دُونَهُ الأَبْصَارُ (tropical:) [meaning The eyes were cast down before him, or it]. (TA.) خُشُوعٌ also signifies The being, or becoming, still: and the abasing oneself; or lowering oneself. (K, TA.) And ↓ اختشع , He lowered, or stooped, or bent down, his breast. (TA.) ― -b2- Also, inf. n. as above, He feared; for instance, in prayer: (TA:) or خَشَعَ فِى صَلَاتِهِ and فِى دُعَائِهِ signifies He applied himself with his heart to [or in] his prayer, and his supplication. (Msb.) ― -b3- خَشَعَتِ الكَوَاكِبُ, (Aboo-'Adnán,) inf. n. as above, (K,) (tropical:) The stars approached to the place of setting; (Aboo-'Adnán;) or approached to setting: (K:) or sank, and nearly disappeared in their setting-place. (Aboo- Sálih El-Kilábee.) [The corresponding phrase in Hebrew, occurring in Gen. xxxvii. 9, probably has the same meaning.] ― -b4- خَشَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ (tropical:) The sun became eclipsed. (TA.) ― -b5- خَشَعَ السَّنَامُ (tropical:) The hump for the most part went away; (O, K;) i. e. the hump of the camel: (TA:) or became lean; its fat going away, and its height becoming lowered. (L.) ― -b6- فُلَانٌ جِذْلٌ حِكَاكٌ خَشَعَتِ عَنْهُ الأُبَنُ is a saying of the Arabs, explained in art. حك. (TA in that art.) ― -b7- خَشَعَ الوَرَقُ (tropical:) The leaves withered. (TA.) ― -b8- خَشَعَتِ الأَرْضُ (tropical:) The earth, or land, dried up, not being rained upon. (TA.) -A2- خَشَعَ فُلَانٌ خَرَاشِىٌّ صَدْرِهِ Such a one ejected the viscous saliva [or phlegm of his chest]. (O, K.) ― -b2- And خَشَعَتْ خَرَاشِىٌّ صَرِهِ The viscous saliva [or phlegm of his chest] became ejected. (O, K.) The verb is thus intrans., as well as trans. (O.) 5 تخشّع ذ He lowered, humbled, or abased, himself: (Lth, K:) or he constrained himself to be, or to become, lowly, humble, or submissive; or to be so, or to become so, in voice, or in the eyes. (S.) See also 1, in two places. 6 تخاشع ذ [He feigned lowliness, humility, or submissiveness, in demeanour, or in voice, or in the eyes]. (TA in art. موت; &c.) 8 إِِخْتَشَعَ see 1, in four places. خُشْعَةٌ ذ A low hill: (S:) or a hill cleaving to the ground: (IAar, K:) and a piece of rugged ground: (IDrd, K:) or [elevated ground such as is termed] قُفّ that is for the most part soft, i. e. neither stone nor clay: (Lth:) and a rock growing in the sea: (TA:) pl. خُشَعٌ. (K.) It is said in a trad., كَانَتِ الأَرْضُ خُشْعَةً عَلَى المَآءِ ثُمَّ دُحِيَتْ [The earth was a low hill, &c., upon the water: then it was spread out]: (S:) but this trad. is variously related. (TA.) خَاشِعٌ ذ Lowly, humble, or submissive, (K, TA,) and still: (TA:) [or so in the voice and in the eyes: (see 1:)] pl. خَاشِعُونَ and خُشَّعٌ; the latter also signifying men lowering, humbling, or abasing, themselves: or constraining themselves to be, or to become, lowly, humble, or submissive; or to be so, or to become so, in voice, or in the eyes: or casting their eyes towards the ground, and lowering their voices. (TA.) Hence, in the Kur [lxviii. 43, and lxx. 44], accord. to different readings, خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ and خَاشِعًا أَبْصَارُهُمْ [Having their eyes cast down]: the accus. case being used as denotative of state. (Zj, TA.) ― -b2- Bowing; or bending down the head and body. (K.) ― -b3- Fearing. (TA.) ― -b4- (tropical:) A camel's foot (خُفٌّ) cleaving to the ground. (TA.) ― -b5- (tropical:) A wall that has cracked, and given notice of its falling, and [then] become even with the ground. (TA.) ― -b6- (tropical:) A herb dried up, and falling down upon the ground. (TA.) ― -b7- Applied to a place, (S, K,) and, with ة, to a بَلْدَة [or portion of country], (S,) (tropical:) Overspread with dust, [in the CK المُعَنْبَرُ is erroneously put for المُغَبَّرُ,] and having in it no place of alighting, or of abiding: (S, K:) and to land (أَرْضٌ), meaning of which the wind raises the surface, by reason of its softness, so as to efface its traces, or tracks: (L:) or in this case it is with ة, as in the Kur xli. 39, and means altered (مُتَغَيِّرَة [probably a mistranscription for مُتَغَبِّرَة overspread with dust]), and having its herbage broken in pieces: (Zj, * TA:) or dried up, and containing no herbage: (Jel:) or containing no green herbage: or low, or depressed, and still: (TA:) and, without ة, applied to a place, to which one finds not his way: (Sgh, K:) pl. خُشَّعٌ. (TA.)
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