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خَذَلَهُ ذ , (S, Msb, K,) and خَذَلَ عَنْهُ, (Msb, K,) aor. خَذُلَ , (JK, Msb,) inf. n. خِذْلَانٌ (JK, S, K) and خَذْلٌ, (JK, Msb, * K,) or ↓ خِذْلَانٌ is a simple subst.; (Msb;) and ↓ اخذلهُ ; (TA;) He abstained from, or neglected, aiding him, or assisting him; (JK, * S, Msb, K;) and held back from him: (Msb:) and خَذَلَهُ he left, forsook, or deserted, him: (MA:) and, accord. to AZ, خَذَلَ عَنْهُ, aor. خَذُلَ , inf. n. خُذُولٌ, he left him, and held back from going with him. (T in art. تلو.) And ↓ خِذْلَانٌ signifies God's failing to preserve a man; accord. to Az, from an evil action; so that he falls into it. (TA.) It is said in the Kur [iii. 154], وَ إِِنْ يَخْذُلْكُمْ فَمَنْ ذَا ا@لَّذِى يَنْصُرُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ [But if He fail to aid you, or to preserve you, then who is he that will aid you after Him?]: here 'Obeyd Ibn-'Omeyr read ↓ يُخْدِلْكُمْ , with damm to the ى and kesr to the ذ. (TA.) ― -b2- And خَذَلَ He (a gazelle) held back from going with the herd; or remained behind the herd. (As, S.) And خَذَلَتْ She (a gazelle, &c., K, as, for instance, a [wild] cow, TA) held back from going with her female companions, and remained alone: or held back, or remained behind, not overtaking [the others]: (K:) or you say, of a female gazelle, and of a [wild] cow, تَخْذُلُ صَوَاحِبَاتِهَا She holds back from going with her female companions, or remains behind them, with her young one, in the place of pasturage: or remains alone with him; as A'Obeyd says, on the authority of As. (T, TA.) And خَذَلَتْ She (a wild animal, S, O, or a gazelle, K) remained attending to her young one [when the rest of the herd had gone]; (S, O, K;) said by some to be inverted [as to the meaning], because she is [not the one that leaves, but] the one that is left; (S;) as also ↓ تخاذلت , (S, K,) and ↓ اخذلت . (K.) ― -b3- A poet says, (namely, 'Adee Ibn-Zeyd, TA,) describing a horse, “ فَهْوَ كَالدَّلْوِ بِكَفِّ المُسْتَقِى
خَذَلَتْ عَنْهُ العَرَاقِى فَا@نْجَذَمْ
” meaning [And he is, or was, like the bucket in the hand of the drawer of water,] of which the cross pieces of wood have become separated from it [so that it has become severed from the wellrope]. (S.) 2 خذّلهُ ذ , inf. n. تَخْذِيلٌ, He incited him, or induced him, to abstain from, or to neglect, aiding him, or assisting him; and hindered him, withheld him, or prevented him, from aiding his companion, or assisting him. (T, TA.) And خذّل عَنْهُ أَصْحَابَهُ, inf. n. as above, He incited, or induced, his companions to abstain from, or to neglect, aiding him, or assisting him. (S.) ― -b2- He induced him to be cowardly and weak-hearted, and to abstain from fighting. (Msb.) 4 أَخْذَلَ see 1, in three places. ― -b2- Also اخذل, (K,) or اخذل أُمَّهُ, (T, TA,) said of the young one of a wild animal, (K,) or of the young one of a gazelle or [wild] cow, (T,) means وَجَدَ أُمَّهُ تَخْذُلُهُ (K, TA) [which may be rendered He found his mother to hold back from him; or to leave him, and hold back from going with him: or it means] he found his mother to hold back from going with her female companions, or to remain behind them, with him; or to remain alone with him. (T.) 6 تخاذلوا ذ They abstained from, or neglected, aiding, or assisting, one another: (S:) i. q. تدابروا [which has the foregoing signification accord. to the TA, but properly means they turned their backs, one upon another]: (K:) they left, forsook, or deserted, one another in trouble. (MA.) [And, accord. to Freytag's Lex., They fled from fight, or battle.] ― -b2- تخاذلت رِجْلَاهُ (said of an old man, TA) His legs became weak (S, K, TA) in consequence of some evil affection. (TA.) ― -b3- And تخاذل He was, or became, behind. (KL.) ― -b4- See also 1. 7 إِِنْخَذَلَ [انخذلوا, accord. to Freytag's Lex., They were destitute of aid, or assistance: they fled.] خُذَلَةٌ ذ A man constantly abstaining from, or neglecting, the rendering of aid, or assistance. (IAar, S, K. * [In the K, this is not distinguished from خَاذِلٌ in the first of the senses assigned to this latter below. See also خَذُولٌ.]) خِذْلَانٌ ذ : see 1, in two places. خَذُولٌ ذ One who often abstains from, or neglects, the rendering of aid, or assistance: so in the Kur xxv. 31, applied to the Devil; (TA;) because he forsakes the unbeliever, and declares himself to be clear of him, on the occasion of trial, or affliction. (Jel.) ― -b2- See also خَاذِلٌ. ― -b3- Also A mare that, when suffering from the pain of parturition, moves not from her place. (ISd, K.) ― -b4- خَذُولُ الرِّجْلِ A man whose leg aids him not, in consequence of weakness, (S, * TA,) or of some evil affection, or of intoxication. (TA.) خَاذِلٌ ذ Abstaining from, or neglecting, the rendering of aid, or assistance. (S, K.) ― -b2- And Any one leaving, forsaking, or deserting. (TA.) ― -b3- Also, and ↓ خَذُولٌ , (T, K,) A female gazelle, and a [wild] cow, holding back from going with her female companions, or remaining behind them, with her young one, in the place of pasturage: or remaining alone with him: (T:) or a female gazelle, &c., (K,) as, for instance, a [wild] cow, (TA,) holding back from going with her female companions, and remaining alone: or holding back, or remaining behind, not overtaking [the others]: (K:) or the latter signifies a female gazelle that has left, forsaken, or deserted, her young ones. (EM p. 60.) ― -b4- And the former, A female gazelle remaining attending to her young one; as also ↓ مُخْذِلٌ . (K. [See 1.]) ― -b5- Also Routed, defeated, or put to flight. (IAar, K.) مُخْذِلٌ ذ : see the next preceding paragraph. مَخْذُولٌ ذ Having no aider, or assister. (Jel in xvii. 23.)
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