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خَافَ خاف خافي , (S, Msb, K, &c.,) originally خَوِفَ, (Lth, L, &c.,) first pers. خِفْتُ, (TA,) aor. يَخَافُ, (S, K, &c.,) originally يَخْوَفُ, (L,) imperative خَفْ, (S,) inf. n. خَوْفٌ (S, Msb, K, &c.) and ↓ خِيفٌ , [originally خِوْفٌ,] (Lh, TA,) erroneously written in the K with fet-h [to the خ], but some say that this is a simple subst., not an inf. n., (TA,) and ↓ خِيفَةٌ , (Lh, S, Msb, K, &c.,) originally خِوْفَةٌ, (K,) but some say that this also is a simple subst., not an inf. n., (TA,) and [therefore] its pl. is خِيفٌ, (Lh, JK, S, and so in the CK,) in [some of] the copies of the K erroneously written خِيَفٌ, (TA,) or this [as well as the next preceding] may be an inf. n., for some few inf. ns. have pls., (ISd, TA,) and مَخَافَةٌ, (S, Msb, K, &c.,) originally مَخْوَفَةٌ, for which last, the first of these inf. ns. is used by a poet, and therefore made fem., (TA,) He feared; he was afraid or frightened or terrified; syn. فَزِعَ. (K.) It is also trans.: (Msb:) you say, خَافَهُ and ↓ تخوّفهُ [He feared, or was afraid of, him, or it]; (Msb, TA;) both signifying the same: (TA:) [and so خَافَ مِنْهُ; or this may mean he feared what might happen to him from him, or it:] and عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا ↓ تخوّف , meaning خَافَهُ [i. e. خَافَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا He feared for him a thing]: (S, K:) and خَاَفَهُ عَلَى مَالِهِ and عَلَيْهِ ↓ تخوّفهُ [He feared him, or it, for his property]. (Mgh.) ― -b2- [Hence,] it is also used in the sense of ظَنَّ [He thought, or opined]: and in this case, the Arabs sometimes use it in the same manner as a verb signifying an oath, and give it the same kind of complement; as in an ex. cited voce دَرِدَ [q. v.]. (S in art. درد.) And He knew. (Lh, Kr, K.) Hence, وَإِِنِ ا@مْرَأَةٌ خَافَتْ مِنْ بَعْلِهَا نُشُوزًا [And if a woman know that there is, on the part of her husband, injurious treatment, or unkindness, or estrangement], (K,) in the Kur [iv. 127]. (TA.) And hence also, فَمَنْ خَافَ مِنْ مُوصٍ جَنَفًا [And he who knoweth that there is, on the part of the testator, an inclining to a wrong course, or a declining from the right course, &c.], (K,) in the Kur [ii. 178]; thus explained by Lh. (TA.) -A2- خَافَهُ, (S,) first pers. خُفْتُهُ, (K,) aor. يَخُوفُهُ, (S,) He exceeded him in fear. (S, K. *) You say, فَخَافَهُ ↓ خَاوَفَهُ , (S,) inf. n. of the former مُخَاوَفَهُ, (TA,) i. e. [He vied with him to see which of them would exceed the other in fear, and] he exceeded him in fear. (S.) 2 خوّفهُ خائف خوف خوفه خوفة , (Msb, K,) inf. n. تَخْوِيفٌ, (TA,) i. q. أَخَافَهُ. (Msb, K.) See the latter, in two places. He put fear into him. (JK, TA.) خَوِّفْنَا [app. addressed to God] is mentioned by Lh as meaning Render the Kur-án and the Traditions beautiful to us in order that we may [give heed thereto and] fear. (TA.) ― -b2- He made him to be in such a state, or condition, that men feared him; (JK, K;) he made him to be feared by men. (M.) Hence, in the Kur [iii. 169], إِِنَّمَا ذٰلِكُمُ ا@لشَّيْطَانُ يُخَوِّفُ أَوْلِيَآءَهُ, i. e. [Verily that is the devil:] he causeth his friends to be feared by you: [or that devil causeth &c.:] or, as Th says, causeth you to fear by his friends. (TA.) -A2- He diminished it, lessened it, or took from it; and so خوّف مِنْهُ. (TA.) [See also 5.] ― -b2- خوّف غَنَبَهُ He sent away his sheep, or goats, flock by flock. (TA.) 3 خَاْوَفَ see 1, last sentence. 4 اخافهُ أخاف أخافه إِخاف إِخافة اخافه اخافة , (Msb, K,) inf. n. إِِخَافَةٌ (S) and إِِخَافٌ, like كِتَابٌ, (Lh, TA,) [but the latter is irreg. and rare,] He, or it, (an affair, a case, or an event, Msb,) caused him, or made him, to fear, or be afraid; put him in fear; frightened, or terrified, him; (TA;) and ↓ خوّفهُ , (Msb, K,) inf. n. تَخْوِيفٌ, (S, TA,) signifies the same. (S, Msb, K.) So in the phrase اخاف الثَّغْرُ [The enemies' frontier caused to fear, &c.; was insecure:] or fear entered from it. (TA.) You say also, مَالَ الحَائِطُ فَأَخَافَ النَّاسَ [The wall leaned, and caused the people to fear]. (Msb.) And أَخَافَ اللُّصُوصُ الطَّرِيقَ [for أَخَافَ اللُّصُوصُ أَهْلَ الطَّرِيقِ The robbers caused the people of the road, or the passengers thereof, to fear, &c.; or it may be rendered the robbers caused the road to be insecure]. (Msb.) And أَخَفْتُهُ الأَمْرَ فَخَافَهُ [I caused him to fear the thing, or affair, &c., and he feared it; making the verb doubly trans.]; as also إِِيَّاهُ فَتَخَوَّفَهُ ↓ خَوَّفْتُهُ . (Msb.) It is said in a trad., أَخِيفُوا الهَوَامَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ تُخِيفَكُمْ Make ye the venomous reptiles and the like to fear before they make you to fear; (TA;) i. e. kill ye them before they kill you. (JM, TA.) ― -b2- مَا أَخْوَفَنِى عَلَيْكَ [How greatly do I fear for thee!]. (TA.) 5 تخوّفهُ تخوف تخوفه تخوفة خوف : see 1, in three places. -A2- Also He took by little and little (S, L, K) from it, (S, K,) or from its sides; (L;) as also تحوّفهُ: (S and K * in arts. حوف and حيف:) or he took from its extremities; so in the A; in which it is said to be tropical: accord. to IF, it is originally [تخوّن,] with ن [in the place of the ف]. (TA.) Dhu-rRummeh says, (S,) or not he, but some other poet, for it is ascribed to several different authors, (L,) “ تَخَوَّفَ الرَّحْلُ مِنْهَا تَامِكًا قَرِدًا
كَمَا تَخَوَّفَ ظَهْرَ النَّبْعَةِ السَّفَنُ
” [Her saddle abraded from a long and high, compact hump, like as when the piece of skin used for smoothing arrows has abraded from the back of a rod of the tree called نبعة]. (S. [See also 5 in art. حوف, where another reading of this verse is given. In the TA, in the present art., in the places of الرحل and ظهر, I find السَّيْرُ and عُود.]) Hence, (S, K,) accord. to Fr, (TA,) أَوْيَأَخَذِهِمْ عَلَى تَخَوُّفٍ, (S, K,) in the Kur [xvi. 49], (S,) which Az explains as meaning [Or are they secure from his destroying them] by causing them to suffer loss [by little and little] in their bodies and their possessions, or cattle, and their fruits: or, accord. to Zj, it may mean, after causing them to fear, by destroying a town, so that the one next to it shall fear. (TA.) You say also, تخوّف مِنْ مَالِى He took by little and little from my property. (JK.) And تَخَوَّفَنَا السَّنَةُ [The year of drought, or sterility, took from us by little and little]. (JK.) And تَخَوّفَنِى حَقِّى [He diminished to me by little and little my right, or due]. (JK.) And تَخَوَّفَهُ حمْقُهُ (tropical:) i. q. اهْضَمَهُ [an evident mistranscription for اِهْتَضَمَهُ or هَضَمَهُ, meaning His stupidity deprived him of his right, or due]. (TA.) خَافٌ خاف خافي A man very fearful or timorous; (S, K;) [and so, in the present day, ↓ خَوَّافٌ ; the former originally] of the measure فَعِلٌ, like فَرِقٌ and فَزِعٌ; and similar to صَاتٌ, meaning a man “ having a strong, or loud, voice: ” (S:) or i. q. ↓ خَائِفٌ : (TA:) accord. to Kh, it may be [originally خَاوِفٌ,] of the measure فَاعِلٌ, having the medial radical rejected; or [خَوْفٌ,] of the measure فَعْلٌ; and in either case, the dim. is [↓ خُوَيْفٌ ,] with و: so says Sb. (TA.) خَوْفٌ خائف خوف inf. n. of 1. (S, Msb, K, &c.) ― -b2- Also Slaughter: whence, وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ بِشَىْءٍ مِنَ ا@لْخَوْفِ [And we will assuredly try you with somewhat of slaughter]; (Lh, K;) in the Kur [ii. 150]. (TA.) [See also 4.] ― -b3- And Fighting: whence, فَإِِذَا جَآءَ الخَوْفُ [But when fighting cometh; in the Kur xxxiii. 19]. (K.) -A2- See also خَائِفٌ. -A3- Also A red hide from which are cut strips like thongs, (Kr, K, TA,) and then upon these are put [ornaments of the kind termed] شَذْر; worn by a girl: (TA:) a dial. var. of حَوْفٌ [q. v.]: (K:) but this latter is preferable. (L, TA.) خِيفٌ خيف : see 1, first sentence. خَافَةٌ خافه خافة A [coat of the kind called] جُبَّة, of hide, or leather, which the collector of honey wears; (Akh, JK, K;) and also worn by the water-carrier: (JK:) or a fur-garment, or hide with the fur or wool on it, worn by him who enters into the places occupied by bees, in order that they may not sting him: (TA:) or a [pouch of the kind termed] خَرِيطَة, (S, K,) of hide, or leather, (S,) narrow in the upper part and wide in the lower part, (TA,) in which honey is collected: (S, K:) or a [round piece of leather with a running string by means of which it may be converted into a bag, such as is termed] سُفْرَة, like the خَرِيطَة, made, or sewed, small, [for مُصْعَدَةٌ or مُصَعَّدَةٌ, which I find in different copies of the K, and to which no appropriate meaning is assignable, I read مُصْغَرَةٌ or مُصَغَّرَةٌ, (see 2 in art. صغر, and particularly أَصْغَرَ القِرْبَةَ,)] having its head [or border] raised, for honey; (K;) so says Skr, in explaining the following verse: or, as IB says, accord. to Aboo-'Alee, it is from the phrase النَّاسُ أَخْيَافٌ, meaning “ men, ” or “ the people, ” “ are different, one from another; ” for it is a خَرِيطَة of hide, or leather, embellished with different kinds of embellishment; and if so it should be mentioned in art. خيف: (TA:) [but] the dim. is ↓ خُوَيْفَةٌ . (JK.) Aboo-Dhu-eyb says, [describing a collector of wild honey,] “ تَأَبَّطَ خَافَةً فِيهَا مِسَابٌ
فَأَصْبَحَ يَقْتَرِى مَشَدًا بِشِيقِ
” (S,) [He put beneath his armpit a خافة in which was a receptacle for honey, and betook himself to making successive endeavours to reach the most difficult part of a mountain by means of a rope, or rope of palm-fibres; for] he means شِيقًا بِمَسَدٍ; the phrase being inverted: (S and TA in art. شيق:) or he means, [betook himself to] taking successive holds of a rope (يَتَتَبَّعُ حَبْلًا) tied to a شيق [here best rendered mountain-top] in his descent to the place of the honey; so that there is no inversion. (TA in that art.) ― -b2- Also i. q. عَيْبَةٌ [A kind of basket, or receptacle, of hide, or leather]; (TA;) the thing in which fruits are gathered; also called مِخْرَفٌ. (Har p. 374.) ― -b3- And خَافَةُ الزَّرْعِ is said to mean The envelope of the grain of seed-produce; so called because it protects it: to this the believer is likened in a trad. [as some relate it]; but the reading [commonly known] is [خَامَة,] with م. (TA.) [See خامة, in art. خيم.] خِيفَةٌ خيفه خيفة ; pl. خِيفٌ: see 1, first sentence. ― -b2- [Sometimes it may mean, agreeably with analogy, A kind of fear.] -A2- See also art. خيف. خَوَافٌ خافية خواف Vociferation, clamour, or a confused noise, of a company of men. (JK, Sgh, K.) خُوَيْفٌ خويف : see خَافٌ. خُوَيْفَةٌ خويف خويفه خويفة : see خَافَةٌ. خَوَّافٌ خافية خواف : see خَافٌ. ― -b2- [Hence, perhaps,] A certain black bird: ISd says, I know not why it is thus called. (TA.) خَائِفٌ ذ Fearing; being afraid or frightened or terrified: (S, * TA:) pl. خُوَّفٌ (S, K) and خُيَّفٌ, (S,) or خِيَّفٌ, (K,) or, accord. to Ks, خُيَّفٌ and خِيفٌ and خُوفٌ, (L,) [but the second and third of these three should be خِيَّفٌ and خُوَّفٌ, for all are said to be of the measure فُعَّلٌ,] and ↓ خَوْفٌ ; or this last is a quasi-pl. n.; (K;) whence, in the Kur [vii. 54], خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا, meaning Worship ye Him fearing his punishment and eagerly desiring his recompense. (TA.) See also خَافٌ. ― -b2- And see مَخُوفٌ. طَرِيقٌ مُخَافٌ طريق مخاف [for مُخَافٌ أَهْلُهُ, A road of which the people, or passengers, are caused to fear, by robbers]. (Msb.) [See also what next follows.]) طَرِيقُ مَخُوفٌ طريق مخوف A road in which people fear: (S, * Msb, K:) or a road that is feared; (JK, TA;) as also ↓ مَخِيفٌ , and ↓ خَائِفٌ ; which last is tropical, of the measure فَاعِلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ; (TA;) or, thus applied, this last [is a possessive epithet, and thus] means having fear: (JK: [see also مُخَافٌ:]) you should not say ↓ طَرِيقٌ مُخِيفٌ , because the road does not cause fear, but only he who robs and slays therein. (S, * K, * TA.) One says also ثَغْرٌ ↓ مَخِيفٌ and ↓ مُتَخَوَّفٌ An enemies' frontier [that is feared, or] from which one fears, or from the direction of which fear comes. (TA.) مَخُوفٌ signifies A thing [of any kind] that is feared; as a lion, and a serpent, and fire, and the like. (Har p. 369.) [Hence,] حَائِطٌ مَخُوفٌ A wall of which the falling is feared. (Lh, Msb, TA. [See also مُخِيفٌ.]) And وَجَعٌ مَخُوفٌ [A pain that is feared]. (TA. [See, again, مُخِيفٌ.]) And أَمْرٌ مَخُوفٌ [An affair, or event, that is feared]. (Mgh, Msb. [See, again, مُخِيفٌ.]) And فَاسِقٌ مَخُوفٌ عَلَى مَالِهِ A transgressor who is feared for his property, that he will consume it, and expend it in that which is not right. (Mgh.) مَخِيفٌ مخيف : see the next preceding paragraph, in two places: and see also what next follows. حَائِطٌ مُخِيفٌ ذ (Msb, K, in the CK ↓ مَخِيفٌ ,) A wall that causes one to fear that it will fall. (Msb, K. * [See also مَخُوفٌ.]) And وَجَعٌ مُخِيفٌ (S, K) A pain that causes him who sees it to fear. (S. [See, again, مَخُوفٌ.]) And أَمْرٌ مُخِيفٌ An affair, or event, that is formidable; that causes him who sees it to fear. (Msb. [See, again, مَخُوفٌ.]) And المُخِيفُ means The lion, (K, TA,) that frightens him who sees him. (TA.) See also مَخُوفٌ, first sentence. أَخْوَفٌ ذ [More, and most, formidable, fearful, or feared: anomalous, like its syn. أَخْشَى, being from the pass. verb. Hence,] أَخْوَفُ مَا أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ كَذَا [The most formidable, or fearful, of what I fear for you is such a thing]. (Mgh, * TA.) مَخَافَةٌ مخافه مخافة an inf. n. of 1, (S, Msb, K, &c.,) originally مَخْوَفَةٌ. (TA.) ― -b2- [Also A cause of fear: a word of the same category as مَجْبَنَةٌ and مَبْخَلَةٌ &c.: pl. مَخَاوِفُ. Hence,] أَوَّلُ كُتُبِهِ المَخَاوِفُ [The first of his letters, or epistles, consisted of the causes of fear]. (TA.) ― -b3- And مَخَاوِفُ also signifies Places of fear. (KL.) مُتَخَوَّفٌ متخوف : see مَخُوفٌ.
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