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زَانَهُ ذ , (S, MA, Msb, K,) aor. يَزِينُهُ, (Msb,) inf. n. زَيْنٌ; (MA, Msb, KL, TA;) and ↓ زيّنهُ , (S, MA, Msb, K,) inf. n. تَزْيِينٌ; (Msb, KL, TA;) and ↓ أَزَانَهُ , (Msb, K,) and ↓ أَزْيَنَهُ , (K,) which is its original form, (TA,) inf. n. إِِزَانَةٌ; (Msb;) signify the same; (S, MA, Msb, K;) He, or it, adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embellished, beautified, or graced, him, or it. (MA, KL, PS: [and the like is indicated in the S and Msb and K.]) [زَانَهُ said of a quality, and of an action, and of a saying, is best rendered It adorned him, or graced him, or was an honour to him; contr. of شَانَهُ; as is indicated in the S and K: and sometimes means it was his pride: and ↓ زيّنهُ means as expl. above: and he embellished it, dressed it up, or trimmed it; said in this sense as relating to language: and he embellished it, or dressed it up, namely, an action &c. to another (لِغَيْرِهِ); often said in this sense of the Devil; (as in the Kur vi. 43, &c.;) i. e. he commended it to him:] زَانَهُ كَذَا and ↓ زيّنهُ [Such a thing adorned him, &c.,] are expl. as said when one's excellence [فَضْلُهُ, as I read for فعله, an evident mistranscription,] appears either by speech or by action: and ا@للّٰهِ لِلْأَشْيَآءِ ↓ تَزْيِينُ [God's adorning, &c., of things] is sometimes by means of his creating them مُزَيَّنَة [i. e. adorned, &c.]; and النَّاسِ ↓ تَزْيِينُ [The adorning, &c., of men], by their abundance of property, and by their speech, i. e. by their extolling Him. (Er-Rághib, TA.) One says, زَانَهُ الحُسْنُ [Beauty adorned, or graced, him, or it]. And Mejnoon says, “ فَيَا رَبِّ إِِذْ صَيَّرْتَ لَيْلَى لِىَ الهَوَى
فَزِنِّى لِعَيْنَيْهَا كَمَا زِنْتَهَا لِيَا
” [And, O my Lord, since Thou hast made Leylà to be to me the object of love, then grace Thou me to her eyes like as Thou hast graced her to me]. (S, TA: but in the former, مِنَ الهَوى in the place of لِىَ الهَوَى. [The reading in the S means of the objects of love: for هَوًى, being originally an inf. n., may be used alike as sing. and pl.]) السِّلْعَةِ فِى البَيْعِ ↓ تَزْيِينُ [means The setting off, or commending, of a commodity in selling; and] is allowed, if without concealment of a fault, or defect, from the purchaser, and without lying in the attribution and description of the article. (TA.) 2 زَيَّنَ see above, in six places. 4 أَزَانَهُ ذ and أَزْيَنَهُ : see 1, first sentence. -A2- See also the paragraph here following. 5 تزيّن ذ and ↓ اِزْدَانَ , (S, K,) the latter of the measure اِفْتَعَلَ, [originally اِزْتَيَنَ, and then اِزْتَانَ,] (S,) quasi-pass. verbs, [the former of زَيَّنَهُ and the latter of زَانَهُ,] (K,) signify the same; (S;) [He, or it, was, or became, adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embel-lished, beautified, or graced;] as also اِزَّيَّنَ, (S, * K,) [a variation of the first, being] originally تَزَيَّنَ, the ت being made quiescent, and incorporated into the ز, and the ا being prefixed in order that the inception may be perfect; (S, TA;) and ↓ ازيانّ ; and ↓ ازينّ . (K.) One says, ↓ أَزْيَنَتِ الأَرْضُ بِعُشْبِهَا [perhaps a mistranscription for ↓ اِزْيَنَّتِ The earth, or land, became adorned, &c., with, or by, its herbage]; as also اِزَّيَّنَت, originally تَزَيَّنَت [as expl. above]; (S;) and some, in the Kur x. 25, read تَزَيَّنَت; and some, ↓ ازيانّت . (Bd.) And they said, إِِذَا طَلَعَتِ الجَبْهَةُ تَزَيَّنَتِ النَّخْلَةُ [When الجبهة (the Tenth Mansion of the Moon) rises aurorally, the palm-tree becomes garnished with ripening dates: that Mansion thus rose in central Arabia, about the commencement of the era of the Flight, on the 12th of August, O. S; and in that region, at, or soon after, that period, the dates begin to ripen]. (TA.) [تزيّن is said of language, as meaning It was embellished, dressed up, or trimmed: and of an action &c., as meaning it was embellished, or dressed up, i. e. commended, to a person, by another man, and, more commonly, by the Devil.] ― -b2- And تزيّن also signifies He adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, &c., himself. (MA, KL.) [Hence,] تزيّن بِالبَاطِلِ [He invested himself with that which did not belong to him]. (S and TA in art. شبع.) 8 اِزْدَانَ ذ , originally اِزْتَيَنَ: see the next preceding paragraph, first sentence. 9 إِِزْيَنَّ see 5, each in two places. 11 إِِزْيَاْنَّ see 5, each in two places. زَانٌ ذ : see art. زون. زَيْنٌ ذ [as an inf. n., and also as a simple subst.,] is the contr. of شَيْنٌ: (S, Msb, K:) [as a simple subst.,] i. q. زِينَةٌ, q. v.: (Har p. 139:) [and commonly signifying A grace; a beauty; a comely quality; a physical, and also an intel-lectual, adornment; an honour, or a credit; and anything that is the pride, or glory, of a person or thing: in these senses contr. of شَيْنٌ:] pl. أَزْيَانٌ. (K.) ― -b2- Az says, I heard a boy of [the tribe called] Benoo- 'Okeyl say to another, وَجْهِى زَيْنٌ وَوَجْهُكَ شَيْنٌ, meaning My face is comely and thy face is ugly; for وَجْهِى ذُو زَيْنٍ وَوَجْهُكَ ذُو شَيْنٍ [my face is possessed of comeliness and thy face is possessed of ugliness]; using the inf. ns. as epithets; like as one says رَجُلٌ صَوْمٌ and عَدْلٌ. (TA.) ― -b3- Also The comb of the cock. (S.) زَانَةٌ ذ [mentioned in this art. in the K]: see art. زون. زِينَةٌ ذ , the subst. from زَانَهُ, (Msb,) signifies مَا يُتَزَيَّنُ بِهِ [i. e. A thing with which, or by which, one is adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embellished, beautified, or graced; or with which, or by which, one adorns, &c., himself]; (T, S, K;) any such thing; (T, TA;) [any ornament, ornature, decoration, garnish, embellishment, or grace;] and so ↓ زِيانٌ ; (K;) and ↓ زَيْنٌ , also, [which see above,] signifies the same as زِينَةٌ: (Har p. 139:) accord. to El- Harállee, زِينَةٌ denotes the [means of] beautifying, or embellishing, a thing by another thing; consisting of apparel, or an ornament of gold or silver or of jewels or gems, or aspect: or, as some say, it is the beauty [seen] of the eye that does not reach to the interior of that which is adorned [thereby]: accord. to Er-Rághib, its proper mean- ing is a thing that does not disgrace, or render unseemly, a man, in any of his states or conditions, either in the present world or in that which is to come: but that which adorns him in one state or condition, exclusively of another, is in one point of view شَيْنٌ: summarily speaking, it is of three kinds; namely, mental, such as knowledge or science, and good tenets; and bodily, such as strength, and tallness of stature, and beauty of aspect; and extrinsic, such as wealth, and rank or station or dignity; and all these are mentioned in the Kur: (TA:) the pl. is زِيَنٌ. (Bd in x. 25.) زِينَةُ الحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا [or simply زِينَةُ الدُّنْيَا generally means The ornature, finery, show, pomp, or gaiety, of the present life or world; and] particularly includes wealth and children. (Kur xviii. 44.) زِينَةُ الأَرْضِ [The ornature of the earth] means the plants, or herbage, of the earth. (TA.) يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ [The day of ornature] is the festival (العِيدُ); (S, K;) when men used [and still use] to adorn themselves with goodly articles of apparel. (TA.) And also The day of the breaking [of the dam a little within the entrance] of the canal of Misr [here meaning the present capital of Egypt, El-Káhireh, which we call “ Cairo ”], (K, TA,) i. e. the canal which runs through the midst of Misr, and [the dam of] which is broken when the Nile has attained the height of sixteen cubits or more: this day is said to be meant in the Kur xx. 61: it is one of the days observed in Egypt with the greatest gladness and rejoicing from ancient times; and its observance in the days of the Fátimees was such as is inconceivable, as it is described in the “ Khitat ” of El-Makreezee. (TA. [The modern observances of this day, and of other days in relation to the rise of the Nile, are described in my work on the Modern Egyptians.]) قَمَرٌ زَيَانٌ ذ A beautiful moon. (K.) زِيَانٌ ذ : see زِينَةٌ. [ زِيَانَةٌ ذ The art, or occupation, of the مُزَيِّن: so in the present day.] زَائِنٌ ذ : see the last paragraph in this art. مُزَيَّنٌ ذ : see مُتَزَيِّنٌ. ― -b2- [Also,] applied to a man, Having his hair trimmed, or clipped, [or shaven, by the مُزَيِّن.] (S, TA.) مُزَيِّنٌ ذ i. q. حَجَّامٌ [i. e. A cupper; who is generally a barber; and to the latter this epithet (مُزَيِّنٌ) is now commonly applied; as it is also in the MA]. (S, TA.) -A2- See also مُتَزَيِّنٌ. مُزَيِّينٌ ذ : see مُتَزَيِّنٌ. مُزَّانٌ ذ : see each in two places in what follows. مُزْدَانٌ ذ : see each in two places in what follows. مُتَزَيِّنٌ ذ and ↓ مُزْدَانٌ and ↓ مُزَّانٌ signify the same [i. e. Adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, embellished, or graced; as also ↓ مُزَيَّنٌ : and the first signifies also selfadorned &c.]: (TA:) the second and third are part. ns. of اِزْدَانَ; the third being formed from the second by incorporation [of the د into the ز]: and the dim. of مُزْدَانٌ is ↓ مُزَيِّنٌ , like مُخَيِّرٌ the dim. of مُخْتَارٌ; and if you substitute [for the د], ↓ مُزَيِّينٌ : and in like manner in forming the pl. you say مَزَايِنُ and مَزَايِينُ. (S.) You say, أَنَا بِإِِعْلَامِكَ ↓ مُزَّانٌ and ↓ مُزْدَانٌ , meaning مُتَزَيِّنٌ بِإِِعْلَامِ أَمْرِكَ [i. e. I am graced by the making known of thy command, or affair]. (TA.) And ↓ اِمْرَأَةٌ زَائِنٌ means مُتَزَيِّنَةٌ [i. e. A woman adorned, &c.; or self-adorned &c.]: (K, TA:) in [some of] the copies of the K, erroneously, مُتَزَيِّنٌ. (TA.)
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