[Proposition 40.
Equal triangles which are on equal bases and on the same side are also in the same parallels.

Let ABC, CDE be equal triangles on equal bases BC, CE and on the same side.

I say that they are also in the same parallels.

For let AD be joined; I say that AD is parallel to BE.

For, if not, let AF be drawn through A parallel to BE [[I. 31](elem.1.31)], and let FE be joined.