To find two rational straight lines commensurable in square only and such that the square on the greater is greater than the square on the less by the square on a straight line commensurable in length with the greater.

For let there be set out any rational straight line AB, and two square numbers CD, DE such that their difference CE is not square; [Lemma 1] let there be described on AB the semicircle AFB, and let it be contrived that, as DC is to CE, so is the square on BA to the square on AF. [X. 6, Por.]

Let FB be joined.

Since, as the square on BA is to the square on AF, so is DC to CE, therefore the square on BA has to the square on AF the ratio which the number DC has to the number CE; therefore the square on BA is commensurable with the square on AF. [X. 6]