Incommensurable magnitudes have not to one another the ratio which a number has to a number.

Let A, B be incommensurable magnitudes; I say that A has not to B the ratio which a number has to a number.

For, if A has to B the ratio which a number has to a number, A will be commensurable with B. [X. 6]

But it is not; therefore A has not to B the ratio which a number has to a number.