From a given circle to cut off a segment admitting an angle equal to a given rectilineal angle.

Let ABC be the given circle, and the angle at D the given rectilineal angle; thus it is required to cut off from the circle ABC a segment admitting an angle equal to the given rectilineal angle, the angle at D.

Let EF be drawn touching ABC at the point B, and on the straight line FB, and at the point B on it, let the angle FBC be constructed equal to the angle at D. [I. 23]

Then, since a straight line EF touches the circle ABC, and BC has been drawn across from the point of contact at B, the angle FBC is equal to the angle constructed in the alternate segment BAC. [III. 32]