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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 2: civil and military operations in Missouri. (search)
uth bank of the Osage, and soon striking a dense forest, sometimes pathless and dark, they were compelled to make their way among steep hills, deep gorges, swiftly running streams, miry morasses, ugly gullies washed by the rains, jagged rocks, and fallen timbers. At three o'clock in the afternoon, when the army halted for dinner, they were twenty-seven miles from their starting-place in the morning. The march was resumed at sunset, and was continued until three o'clock on the morning of the 11th, when the commander ordered a halt. For forty-eight hours, most of the men had not closed their eyes in sleep. Within ten minutes after the order to halt was given, nine-tenths of the wearied soldiers were slumbering. They did not stop to unroll their blankets, or select a good spot for resting; but officers and privates dropped upon the ground in deep sleep. They had marched over a horrible road, during twenty-four hours, almost fifty miles. Early the next morning a courier brought intel
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 3: military operations in Missouri and Kentucky. (search)
ssouri River, in the direction of Lexington, in a curve that bent far toward the eastern frontier of Kansas, from which Unionists were advancing under General James H. Lane. With these he had some skirmishing on the 7th of September, at Drywood Creek, about fifteen miles east of the border. He drove them across the line, and pursued them to Fort Scott, which he found abandoned. Leaving a small force there, he resumed his September. march, and reached Warrensburg, in Johnson County, on the 11th. September. In the mean time, he had issued a proclamation to inhabitants of Missouri, Aug. 28. dated at Jefferson City, the capital of the State, in which he spoke of a great victory at Wilson's Creek, and gave the peaceable citizens assurance of full protection in person and property. Lexington, Capital of Lafayette County, Missouri, and then containing about five thousand inhabitants. a town on the southern bank of the Missouri River, three hundred miles, by its course, above St. L
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 8: the siege and capture of Fort Donelson. (search)
was under the command of Lewis Wallace, of the famous Eleventh Indiana Zouave Regiment, See page 516, volume I. who was promoted to be a brigadier-general on the day of the capture of Fort Henry. His commission was dated September 3d, 1861. With McClernand's division were the field batteries of Schwartz, Taylor, Dresser, and McAllister; and with Smith's were the heavy batteries of Richardson, Stone, and Walker, the whole under the command of Major Cavender, chief of artillery. On the 11th, General Grant called a council of war, which was composed of his division commanders and several acting brigadiers. Shall we march on Donelson, or wait for further re-enforcements? was the question considered. Information that heavy re-enforcements were hastening toward that stronghold carried a decision in favor of an immediate march against it; and in general field orders the next morning, Feb. 12, 1862. Grant directed one of McClernand's brigades to move at once by the telegraph road
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 14: movements of the Army of the Potomac.--the Monitor and Merrimack. (search)
thography of the name of one of three rivers in that part of Virginia, which has been generally written, in connection with the war, Rapidan. These small rivers are called, respectively, North Anna, South Anna, and Rapid Anna; the word Anna being frequently pronounced with brevity, Ann. This promenade (as one of McClellan's aids, of the Orleans family, called it) of the Army of the Potomac disappointed the people, and confirmed the President's opinion, indicated in an order issued on the 11th, that the burden of managing that army in person, and, as general-in-chief, directing the movements of all the others, was too much for General McClellan to bear. By this order he kindly relieved that officer of a part of the burden. Major-General McClellan, said the order, having personally taken the field at the head of the Army of the Potomac, until otherwise ordered, he is relieved from the command of the other Military Departments, he retaining the command of the Department of the Po
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 15: the Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula. (search)
back to Ocean View (thus making a journey on horseback that day of thirty-five miles), and reached Fortress Monroe at near midnight with the pleasing intelligence of his success, for the anxious President and Secretary of War. On the following morning he received publicly expressed thanks for his achievement. The skillful and gallant movements of Major-general John E. Wool, and the forces under his command, said Secretary Stanton, in an order issued by direction of the President, on the 11th, which resulted in the surrender of Norfolk, and the evacuation of strong batteries erected by the rebels on Sewell's Point and Craney Island, and the destruction of the rebel iron-clad steamer Merrimack, are regarded by the President as among the most important successes of the present war; he therefore orders that his thanks, as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, be communicated by the War Department to Major-general John E. Wool, and the officers and soldiers of his command, for thei
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 16: the Army of the Potomac before Richmond. (search)
redericksburg, rendered it impossible for him to use the James River as a line of operations. It forced me, he said, to establish our depots on the Pamunkey, and approach Richmond from the north. It was eleven days before that dispatch was sent that Rodgers went up to Drewry's Bluff; and General Barnard, the Chief Engineer of the Army of the Potomac, says that the decision to make the depot of supplies on the Pamunkey, and approach Richmond from the north, was made at Roper's Church, on the 11th, or ten days before the receipt of the dispatch from the Secretary of War. During the three weeks siege of Richmond public expectation was kept constantly on the alert, by frequent, assurances that the decisive battle would be fought to-morrow. On the 2d of June, the day when Hooker looked into Richmond, the Commander said: I only wait for the river to fall to cross with the rest of the force and make a general attack. Anxious to give him every possible support, the President ordered fi
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 17: Pope's campaign in Virginia. (search)
ch route he should take, and while waiting for an answer, the precious hours that might have taken him to the front and secured a victory were lost. So ended the battle of Cedar Mountain, or of Cedar Run, as the Confederates call it. None was more desperately fought during the war. A part of the sanguinary struggle was hand to hand, under the dark pall of smoke that obscured the moon. These re-enforcements kept Jackson in check, who held fast to his mountain position until the night of the 11th, Aug. 1862. when, informed of the approach of National troops from the Rappahannock, and alarmed for the safety of his communications with Richmond, he fled precipitately across the Rapid Anna, leaving a part of his dead unburied. He was pursued as far as that stream by Buford, with cavalry and artillery, and in the course of a day or two heavy rains placed almost impassable waters between the belligerents. Reports of Generals Pope and Lee, and of their subordinates. Pope specially comm
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 21: slavery and Emancipation.--affairs in the Southwest. (search)
on until help should arrive or all were dead. the gun-boats moved slowly on, shelling the Confederates out of their rifle-pits along the levee, and driving every soldier into the Fort, the vessels engaged in this bombardment were the iron-clads Cincinnati, De Kalb, and Louisville. and in the mean time the land troops pressed forward over swamps and bayous, and bivouacked that night around Fort Hindman, without tents or fires, prepared for an assault in the morning. at about noon on the 11th, McClernand notified Porter that the Army was ready to move upon the Fort. The gun-boats opened fire at one o'clock, and soon afterward the brigades of Hovey, Thayer, Giles A. Smith, and T. Kilby Smith, pushed forward at the double-quick, finding temporary shelter in woods and ravines with which the ground was diversified. In a belt of woods, three hundred yards from the Confederate rifle-pits, they were brought to a halt by a Fort Hindman. very severe fire of musketry and artillery, but