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ing that by which the national road crosses the mountains. It was necessarily indicated as the route of advance of our main army. The carrying of Crampton's Pass some five or six miles below, was also important to furnish the means of reaching the flank of the enemy, and having as a lateral movement, direct relations to the attack on the principal pass, while it at the same time presented the most direct practical route for the relief of Harper's Ferry. Early in the morning of the fourteenth instant, General Pleasanton, with a cavalry force, reconnoitred the position of the enemy, whom he discovered to occupy the crests of commanding hills in the gap on either side of the national road, and upon advantageous ground in the centre upon and near the road, with artillery bearing upon all the approaches to their position, whether that by the main road or those by the country roads which led around up to the crest upon the right and left. At about eight o'clock A. M., Cox's division of
. The coolness and good conduct of officers and men during these trying hours were beyond praise. Drawn in at length, the regiment remained for the night and the following day as a support for the line of pickets. On the night of the fourteenth instant, I was ordered by General Howard (our division commander) to take the First Minnesota and four other regiments (which had been placed under my command) and picket the most exposed portion of the line. Owing to the darkness and proximity tos officers and seventy-nine of its men were wounded, and fourteen killed. Within an hour after this heavy loss the regiment marched again in perfect order to the front line of battle, and remained on the battle-field until seven P. M. on the fourteenth. This morning we are again on the front line, officers and men in fine spirits and ready to meet the enemy. The number of enlisted men was three hundred and fifty-five. The officers present did their duty nobly, leading their companies
t only expose the garrison to capture, but all the artillery and stores collected at that place must either be destroyed or left to the enemy. The only feasible plan was for him to hold his position until Gen. McClellan could relieve him, or open a communication so that he could evacuate it in safety. These views were communicated both to General McClellan and to Colonel Miles. The left of Gen. McClellan's army pursued a part of the enemy's forces to the South-Mountains, where, on the fourteenth, he made a stand. A severe battle ensued, the enemy being defeated and driven from his position with heavy loss. Lee's army then fell back behind Antietam Creek, a few miles above its mouth, and took a position admirably suited for defence. Our army attacked him on the sixteenth, and a hotly-contested battle was fought on that and the ensuing day, which resulted in the defeat of the Rebel forces. On the night of the seventeenth, our troops slept on the field which they had so bravely w
to investigate this complaint, and they reported that every thing had gone forward. On the same date, the eleventh, he spoke of many of his horses being broken down by fatigue. On the twelfth, he complained that the rate of supply was only one hundred and fifty horses per week for the entire army there and in front of Washington. I immediately directed the Quartermaster-General to inquire into this matter, and to report why a larger supply was not furnished. Gen. Meigs reported on the fourteenth, that the average issue of horses to Gen. McClellan's army in the field and in front of Washington for the previous six weeks had been one thousand four hundred and fifty per week, or eight thousand seven hundred and fifty-four in all; in addition, that large numbers of mules had been supplied, and that the number of animals with General McClellan's army on the Upper Potomac was over thirty thousand. He also reported that he was then sending to that army all the horses he could procure.
ing met with no opposition, they rejoined the main column. Sunday, the fourteenth instant, I advanced the column, and when about one mile from Kinston encountered ening of the fourteenth. In approaching the battle-field of Kinston on the fourteenth, by order of the Commanding General, I detached the Twenty-third and Forty-thabout thirteen miles from Kinston, where we remained until the morning of the fourteenth, when we were ordered to move in the direction of the main column. On arriback again. Our forces then bivouacked for the night. Sunday morning, the fourteenth, the main army coming up at about nine o'clock, our advance — the Ninth New-Jus troops. We now proceed to give an account of what followed. On the fourteenth instant, after saving the bridge at Kinston, which the rebels endeavored in vain ces. I tell the tale as 'twas told to me. At eight o'clock on Sunday, the fourteenth, (an eventful day with us, for it marks the first blood shed by the regiment,
rters, Goldsboro, N. C., December 29, 1862. Gen. S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Va.: General: I have the honor to inclose copies of the reports of Brig.-Generals Evans, Robertson, and Clingman, giving an account of the various affairs with the enemy in this vicinity, in their recent bridge-burning and pillaging expedition from Newbern. Brig.-Gen. Evans, with two thousand men, held them in check; at South-west Creek, beyond Kinston, on the thirteenth, and, on the fourteenth, delayed their advance for some time, and succeeded in withdrawing his force with small loss, to the left bank of the Neuse River, at Kinston. He held them at bay until the sixteenth, when they advanced on the opposite side of the river, and made an attack at Whitehall bridge about eighteen miles below Goldsboro, in which they were driven back by Gen Robertson with severe loss. Small reenforcements arrived from Petersburgh and Wilmington on the fifteenth, one regiment of which was plac
the Fifth Ohio cavalry, was sent to the south from Paris to make a demonstration toward Grenada, and the residue of the Second brigade was sent with the train to the rear, to camp upon the Yockna River. Colonel Mizener was ordered to take command of the First and Third brigades, to guard the crossings of the Osuckalofa River, and to make a strong cavalry reconnoissance toward Grenada on the Coffeeville route, reporting directly to Major-General U. S. Grant. At nine A. M., on Sunday, the fourteenth, with a small escort from company F, Fourth Illinois cavalry, under Lieut. Carter, and Colonel Hatch's detachment of eight hundred men from the Second Iowa cavalry, and the Seventh Illinois cavalry, I took the road for Okolona, and reached Pontotoc, forty-five miles march, at half-past 9 on Monday morning. On the way we fell in with small scouting-parties of the enemy and captured several prisoners, by some of whom we were informed that a body of rebel infantry from Bragg's army were encam
into the Queen from behind a levee, and immediately fled under cover of the darkness. First Master J. D. Thompson, a gallant and efficient officer, was shot through the knee. Anchoring at the mouth of the Atchafalaya, I waited until morning, and then returned to the spot from which we had been attacked. All the buildings, on three large adjoining plantations, were burned by my order. I started up the Red River, on the same day, and reached Black River by night. On the morning of the fourteenth, when about fifteen miles above the mouth of Black River, a steamboat came suddenly around a sharp bend in the river, and was captured before she could escape. She proved to be the Era No. Five, laden with four thousand five hundred bushels of corn. She had on board two rebel lieutenants and fourteen privates. The latter I at once paroled and set ashore. Hearing of three very large boats lying at Gordon's Landing, thirty miles above, I decided on making an effort to capture them, int
Doc. 162.-Captain Osband's expedition. Official report. young's point, March 30, 1863. Lieutenant-Colonel Rawlins: sir: In pursuance of Special Order No. 66, with the Fifty-fifth Illinois volunteers, part of the One Hundred and First Illinois, and part of company A, Fourth Illinois cavalry, on the thirteenth March, with the steamers Chancellor and Fanny Bullitt, all proceeded to Deer Creek Landing, in American Bend. I found the cotton, and held it, on the fourteenth. On the fifteenth March, Colonel Ferguson's cavalry attempted to burn the cotton, appearing with about sixty men. On the sixteenth, Colonel Malmborg, of the Fifty-fifth Illinois volunteers, concluded he could not hold the position. On this account, I proceeded with the steamer Chancellor, to Lake Providence, and obtained the Eleventh Illinois volunteers and the Fourteenth Wisconsin volunteers, under General Ransom. We arrived on the seventeenth at eight A. M. General Ransom attempted to find the enemy, but
been able to obtain a full account from an eye-witness of the important part taken by General Grover's division in the severe struggle of the thirteenth and fourteenth instant. The fight took place near Irish or Indian Bend, between the Teche and Grand Lake, on the morning of the thirteenth, and culminated in the retreat of the enemy, and the destruction of the Diana on the fourteenth. From several participants in the fight we are now enabled to relate the facts as they occurred in some detail. On the morning of the thirteenth instant, at daylight, General Grover's division, comprising three brigades, arrived at Indian (sometimes called Irish) Benmped in a strong position, with the Third brigade, Colonel Birge, thrown forward as an advance. Second day's fight. At five o'clock on the morning of the fourteenth, the whole division again got in motion, and marched in the direction of the enemy, who was between our forces and the town of Franklin, about three miles above
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