h it was posted.
That night the Ninth Corps crossed the river.
Wilson's cavalry division remained on the north side until the morning of the 30th to cover the crossing of the trains.
General headquarters had crossed the Pamunkey on the pontoon-bridge in the afternoon of May 28, after a hard, dusty ride, and had gone into camp on the south side.
In the mean time Lee had moved his entire army rapidly from the North Anna, and thrown it between our army and Richmond.
On the morning of the 29th, Wright, Hancock, and Warren were directed to moye forward and make a reconnaissance in force, which brought about some spirited fighting.
The movement disclosed the fact that all of Lee's troops were in position on the north side of the Chickahominy, and were well intrenched.
General Grant was particularly anxious, that evening, to obtain information of the enemy from some inside source.
Several prisoners had been taken, and one of them who was disposed to be particularly talkative was
the Army of the Potomac, and four regiments of the cavalry of the Army of the James under Kautz, to the south of Petersburg, with a view to striking both the South Side and the Danville railroads.
This cavalry command started out on the morning of June 22.
It was composed of nearly 6000 men and several batteries of horse-artillery.
It first struck the Weldon, then the South Side Railroad, and afterward advanced as far as Roanoke Station on the Danville road, inflicting much damage.
On the 29th, after severe fighting, it found itself confronted and partly surrounded by such a heavy force of the enemy that there was no means of cutting a way through with success; and it was decided to issue all the remaining ammunition, destroy the wagons and caissons, and fall back to the Union lines.
The troops were hard pressed by greatly superior numbers, and suffered severely upon their march, but by untiring energy and great gallantry succeeded in reaching the Army of the Potomac on July 1.
ing the enemy that the troops were moving away from that position.
Hancock withdrew one of his divisions quietly on the night of the 28th, and moved it back, while he remained with his two other divisions north of the James until the night of the 29th, so as still to keep up the feint.
On the 28th Sheridan had the pontoon-bridge covered with moss, grass, and earth to prevent the tramping of horses from being heard, and quietly moved a division of his cavalry to the south side of the James.
Herdered to show their lights and blow their whistles for the purpose of making the enemy believe that we were transferring troops to the north side.
These manoeuvers were so successful that they detained the enemy north of the James all day on the 29th.
Immediately after dark that evening the whole of Hancock's corps withdrew stealthily from Deep Bottom, followed by the cavalry.
On the morning of the 30th Lee was holding five eighths of his army on the north side of the James, in the belief th
nificantly, if our armies continue to supply him with beef-cattle.
The general-in-chief was still planning to keep the enemy actively engaged in his own immediate front, so as to prevent him from detaching troops against distant commanders.
He telegraphed Sherman September 26: I will give them another shake here before the end of the week.
On the 27th he sent a despatch to Sheridan, saying: . . . No troops have passed through Richmond to reinforce Early.
I shall make a break here on the 29th.
All these despatches were of course sent in cipher.
Definite instructions were issued on the 27th for the break which was in contemplation.
Birney's and Ord's corps of Butler's army were to cross on the night of September 28 to the north side of the James River at Deep Bottom, and attack the enemy's forces there.
If they succeeded in breaking through his lines they were to make a dash for Richmond.
While the general did not expect to capture the city by this movement, he tried to provid