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William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 16 (search)
the Jackson & Selma Railroad, east and west. I was determined to damage these roads so that they could not be used again for hostile purposes during the rest of the war. I never had the remotest idea of going to Mobile, but had purposely given out that idea to the people of the country, so as to deceive the enemy and to divert their attention. Many persons still insist that, because we did not go to Mobile on this occasion, I bad failed; but in the following letter to General Banks, of January 31st, written from Vicksburg before starting for Meridian, it will be seen clearly that I indicated my intention to keep up the delusion of an attack on Mobile by land, whereas I promised him to be back to Vicksburg by the 1st of March, so as to cooperate with him in his contemplated attack on Shreveport: headquarters Department of the Tennessee, Vicksburg, January 31, 1864. Major-General N. P. Banks, commanding Department of the Gulf, New Orleans. General: I received yesterday, at th
. Battle told the brigade that they had been sold. The regiment then proceeded to Monticello, and upon their arrival Gen. Crittenden was found at the Houston Hotel, in his bed, deeply intoxicated. He was immediately arrested, and is now a prisoner of war, held by Cols. Stanton, Battle, Stratham, and Newman. The papers discovered are said to reveal the character of our fortifications at Mill Spring, the number of our troops, and the amount of provisions on hand, etc. --Tuscumbia Alabamian, Jan. 31. Letter from an officer in Crittenden's command. on March, Jan. 27, 1862. editors patriot: You have heard long since of the recent fight on Fishing Creek, between our forces and the Federals; consequently, I shall not at this time attempt to give you any of the details, but will do so at my earliest convenience. My object in writing at this time is to defend an innocent and brave man against an unjust, unfounded, and inhuman prejudice, which many of our soldiers and some officer
The vessel is on the principle of a life-boat, in the respect of the waterproof deck; and it is believed that it will live in a sea where a common vessel would swamp. It is expected to attain a speed with her of eight knots an hour. There have been only one hundred working days since the date of the contract for this battery. There has been only one establishment engaged in turning out the immense armor-plate, that of Abbott & Son, of Baltimore. If any other establishment could have been employed in this, the work might have been completed even sooner. The manufactory of Abbott & Son has been wholly given up to this work. Other portions of the plating have been made by Messrs. Corning, Winslow & Co., and Holdane & Co. Still the rapidity with which it has been completed shows what the country is capable of, if its energies were aroused. It is stated that the speed with which the work has been carried on would have been utterly impossible in England. --N. Y. World, January 31.
About twenty of the men, who had been relieved from their guns, were sitting smoking and watching the firing in a corner protected from shot by the walls, when half of a huge shell struck and buried itself right in the middle of the group, without disturbing them in the least. What's that? asked one. The devil knows, and he won't tell, indifferently responded another, and went on smoking. A ten-inch columbiad came rolling toward a group, the fuse whizzing and smoking. Wonder if that'll hit us? Guess not; we're too near it! Crack went the shell! flying in every direction, but fortunately escaping them all. The rebel powder was poor; as also their shot, except that portion which they succeeded in stealing before the rebellion broke out. Their practice, however, was said to be good — how could it have been otherwise? Uncle Sam taught them at his unparalleled school at West-Point, but with little thought that the teaching would be thus employed. Louisville Journal, Jan. 31
Doc. 63.-treatment of Southerners. General W. T. Sherman's letter. headquarters Department of the Tennessee, Vicksburgh, January 31. Major R. M. Sawyer, A. A. General, Army of the Tennessee, Huntsville: dear Sawyer: In my former letter I have answered all your questions save one, and that relates to the treatment of inhabitants, known or suspected to be hostile, or secesh. This is in truth the most difficult business of our army, as it advances and occupies the Southern country. It is almost impossible to lay down rules, and I invariably leave this whole subject to the local commanders, but am willing to give them the benefit of my acquired knowledge and experience. In Europe, whence we derive our principles of war, as developed by their histories, wars are between kings or rulers, through hired armies, and not between peoples. These remain, as it were, neutral, and sell their produce to whatever army is in possession. Napoleon, when at war with Prussia, Austria,
had in contemplation the occupation of Florida on the west bank of the St. John's River at a very early day. Under date of January twenty-second, you informed that in regard to my proposed operations in Florida, the Secretary replied that the matter had been left entirely to my judgment and discretion, with the means at my command, and that as the object of the proposed expedition had not been explained, it was impossible for you to judge of its advantages or practicability. On January thirty-first, I wrote informing you that the objects to be attained by the operations were: 1. To procure an outlet for cotton, lumber, timber, etc. 2. To cut off one of the enemy's sources of commissary supplies, etc. 3. To obtain recruits for any colored regiments. 4. To inaugurate measures for the speedy restoration of Florida to her allegiance, in accordance with instructions which I had received from the President by the hands of Major John Hay, Assistant Adjutant-General. On F
Captain Guert Gansevoort. United States iron-clad Roanoke, Newport news, Va., February 4, 1864. Admiral: I have the honor to inform you of the facts (as far as I can recollect) relating to the expedition which went up the river on January thirty-first, under the command of General Graham. Sunday morning, January thirty-first, about ten A. M., three army steamers came up from Fortress Monroe and went near the Minnesota, and shortly after I saw a boat coming toward this vessel with an January thirty-first, about ten A. M., three army steamers came up from Fortress Monroe and went near the Minnesota, and shortly after I saw a boat coming toward this vessel with an army lieutenant (whose name I do not remember) and Lieutenant Commander Gillis. On their arrival, the army lieutenant stated to me that General Graham was going on an expedition, and wanted Lieutenant Commander Gillis to go with him. I referred him to the Admiral, and was informed that he was absent at Norfolk and would not be back until late in the afternoon. I replied that I did not consider that absence; to which they said that, to all intents and purposes, it was absence as far as the expe
river, which was three hundred yards wide. Forrest brought his artillery to bear on the abolitionists, and they retired. It is positively asserted that Forrest, with his pistol, killed one abolitionist across the river. The command rode ninety miles without getting out of their saddles, and with little or nothing to eat. They have returned to Mount Pleasant, Tennessee. Mr. Leady furnishes us with the following list of casualties: Killed------Burgess, Dr. Cowan, T. T. Lipscomb, Logan Reedy, Captain Ed. Wallace, Mike White. Wounded--Captain R. Whitman, right hand and side; B. Nichols, right side; W. B. Ford, left side; Mixon, left side; Terry, right thigh; Morris, left shoulder; Peter Binford, right leg; Brazelton Skidmore, James W. Franks, D. Morton, Lieut. Arthur H. Beard, Cheshire Thornburg, Wm. Bassett, Joe Wall. We are promised an official report of our loss in a day or two. The abolition loss is reported heavy, but the number not known. --Memphis Argus, January 31.
though every effort was made to do so, she being so low in the water, and coming upon us quartering. We had only time to get the watch to their quarters, and before we could slip our cable, we were without steam, a shell having passed completely through the ship and boilers. I am, very respectfully, T. Abbott, Lieutenant Commander. Captain Henry S. Stellwagen, U. S. Steamer Mercedita. Commander Leroy's report. sir: I have to report that about five o'clock on this day, January thirty-first, while at anchor off the main entrance of the harbor of Charleston, the ship was approached by what was supposed to be a steamer, but regarding her appearance as suspicious, I ordered the cable slipped, and fired a gun, which was responded to by a shell, when I ordered the guns to be fired as they could be brought to bear upon the object. On putting my head to the eastward it was discovered that there was one on either quarter, and we made them out from their peculiar construction to
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. R. Tucker, Commander C. S. N. Flag-Officer D. N. Ingraham, C. S. N., Commanding Station, Charleston, S. C. The joint proclamation. Headquarters land and naval forces, Charleston, S. C., January 31. At about five o'clock this morning the confederate States naval force on this station attacked the United States blockading fleet off the harbor of the city of Charleston, and sunk, dispersed, or drove off and out of sight for the time the e States naval and land forces in this quarter, do hereby formally declare the blockade by the United States of the said city of Charleston, South-Carolina, to be raised by a superior force of the confederate States from and after this thirty-first day of January, A. D. 1863. G. T. Beauregard, General Commanding. D. N. Ingraham, Flag-Officer Commanding Naval Forces in South-Carolina. Official: Thomas Jordan Chief of Staff. Secretary Benjamin's circular. The following is a copy of the
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