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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 45: an antislavery policy.—the Trent case.—Theories of reconstruction.—confiscation.—the session of 1861-1862. (search)
t Sumter, and his resignation when it was decided to send provisions to the garrison, was the underlying motive with senators for excluding him. He was refused a seat, although his right was maintained by the votes of Anthony, Fessenden, and Frelinghuysen. Works, vol. XII. pp. 257-269. of Indiana, both senators being accused of participating in or giving countenance to the rebellion; and also in the debate on the admission of Stark of Oregon, to whom disloyal conduct was imputed. Feb. 18, 26. June 5, 1862. Works, vol. VI. pp. 346-364. He spoke in favor of the title of Lane of Kansas to his seat, maintaining that he had not lost it by accepting what was alleged to be an incompatible office. Jan. 13, 1862. Works, vol. VI. pp. 242-251. The Internal Tax bill was full of novel points, and required the most laborious and minute attention. Sumner intervened with motions, suggestions, and remarks oftener than any senator not on the committee which reported it, and as often as
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 48: Seward.—emancipation.—peace with France.—letters of marque and reprisal.—foreign mediation.—action on certain military appointments.—personal relations with foreigners at Washington.—letters to Bright, Cobden, and the Duchess of Argyll.—English opinion on the Civil War.—Earl Russell and Gladstone.—foreign relations.—1862-1863. (search)
ated their objections to Mr. Seward's continuance in the Cabinet. When Mr. Lincoln's attention was called, probably by Sumner, to the despatch of July 5, he expressed surprise, and disclaimed any knowledge of it,—a disclaimer which he subsequently repeated to Sumner. New York Tribune, March 2, 1863. There was a controversy between the New York Tribune and New York Times as to Seward's practice in submitting despatches to the President before they were sent. (New York Tribune, February 25, 26, and 28.) The articles in the Tribune, signed Truth and Courage, were written by James W. White, a member of the New York bar. The President stood firmly by the secretary, and the effort to displace him proved futile. It received a check in an unexpected quarter,—from one of the secretary's associates. Mr. Seward on hearing of it sent to the President his resignation before the senators had their interview with him; and Mr. Chase, who singularly enough saw fit to construe the terms of th
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
y and freedmen, with an elaborate argument in its favor, which reviewed the statutes and decisions of the slave States, noted the history of the exclusion of witnesses in other countries, and set forth the injustice and irrational character of a disability imposed on the ground of color. February 29, Works, vol. VIII. pp. 176-216. A few days before making the report he had advocated the inclusion of the prohibitory provision in a bill authorizing colored persons to carry the mails. February 26, 29, Congressional Globe, pp. 837, 838, 868. Failing to get his bill before the Senate, he moved it as an amendment to an appropriation bill, making a brief speech in its favor, and pressing it against the appeal of senators, who feared that any new impediment to the bill so late in the session would peril it. June 25, Works, vol. IX. pp. 39-46. Again his pertinacity prevailed, notwithstanding the reasonable objection that his amendment was not germane. He regarded this law, securing
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, chapter 10 (search)
what extent it will enter into our settlement I cannot now say. I wish I could write more fully and carefully, and see the future more clearly; but I write as well as I can under pressure and with business going on about me. There are topics in your letter of great interest. To R. H. Dana, Jr., January 26:— The Claims question with England will go over to the next Administration, and will probably become one of the greatest international litigations in history. To Whittier, February 26:— Last evening I received your note, which saddened me. I was sorry to know that you are not well, besides being disappointed in not having you under my roof; the time will come, I trust. I shall write to Emerson, who likes the experience of life, and hope to have him. I am sorry to know that Stanton has not seen Grant since the election. He has been too ill to call; and Grant has called only once, when Stanton was too ill to see him. Stanton says that he hears of declarations by
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 55: Fessenden's death.—the public debt.—reduction of postage.— Mrs. Lincoln's pension.—end of reconstruction.—race discriminations in naturalization.—the Chinese.—the senator's record.—the Cuban Civil War.—annexation of San Domingo.—the treaties.—their use of the navy.—interview with the presedent.—opposition to the annexation; its defeat.—Mr. Fish.—removal of Motley.—lecture on Franco-Prussian War.—1869-1870. (search)
interest on the national bonds by a deduction from payments or otherwise. July 1, 1870, Congressional Globe, p. 5080. He embodied his views on financial reconstruction and specie payments in bills which he introduced at the beginning of the session, Dec. 7, 1869, Works, vol. XIII. pp. 184, 185; Jan. 12, 1870, Ibid., pp. 234-236. The New York Evening Post, in its leader (January 13), wrote approvingly of his scheme. and maintained them in a series of instructive speeches. Jan. 12, 26, Feb. 1, March 2, 10, 11, 1870, Works, vol. XIII. pp. 237-298; January 31, Congressional Globe, p. 908; March 2, Globe, p. 1634; March 3, Globe, pp. 1660, 1663, 1664; March 9, Globe, p. 1795; March 10, Globe, pp. 1839, 1841; March 11, Globe, pp. 1861, 1871. Except Sherman, no senator at this session contributed so much to the debate on the refunding and consolidation of the public debt. He succeeded in modifying in some points the committee's bill, but in his insistence on definite measures of
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 57: attempts to reconcile the President and the senator.—ineligibility of the President for a second term.—the Civil-rights Bill.—sale of arms to France.—the liberal Republican party: Horace Greeley its candidate adopted by the Democrats.—Sumner's reserve.—his relations with Republican friends and his colleague.—speech against the President.—support of Greeley.—last journey to Europe.—a meeting with Motley.—a night with John Bright.—the President's re-election.—1871-1872. (search)
en Sumner was insisting on action before final adjournment, and asking, with a serious air, if it would be in order to sing Old Hundred before voting. This remark was at first left out of the Congressional Globe, but afterwards restored (Jan. 26, Feb. 7 and 9, 1872: Globe, pp. 622, 866, 906). Gerrit Smith, in a letter to Sumner, January 29, rebuked Hamlin's levity. Sumner rebuked him for his trifling. The former controversy as to the force to be given to the Declaration of Independence in ng-room. Inspired by the controversy and by his audience, he never spoke in the Senate with such nervous energy, fire, and immediate effect. New York Tribune, February 21. See as to Schurz's other speeches in the debate, New York Tribune, February 26, 27, 28. The galleries were with him, and their outbursts of applause were with difficulty repressed by the chair. Sumner thanked him warmly, and said to others as well as to him that it was the greatest speech he had heard in the Senate for