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Owen Wister, Ulysses S. Grant, V. (search)
detail far from his base. Few could have believed him. But the soldiers, ragged and starved, followed and fought under their beloved Lee across the rainy fields of Virginia. No successes now changed a muscle of Grant's impassive face. Nothing but the capture of prisoners wakened visible elation in him. Each prisoner meant one enemy less to fight, one more life saved from fruitless sacrifice. Of his thoughts, only his actions show anything. When leaving headquarters at City Point on March 29 for this last struggle, he bade his wife good-by with more than his daily tenderness, which was always great. He kissed her again and again at the door, as though their next meeting might never be, or would not be until after much had happened. Then Lincoln walked to the train with him, said, God bless you all! with an unsteady voice, and they moved away to begin the taking of Richmond. The President, said Grant, is one of the few who have not attempted to extract from me a knowledge of
e fullest knowledge of all wherewith ours should have wished to keep them ignorant. Another Rebel, an officer named Rouse, who had been captured and had escaped, being retaken, was allowed a private interview by Miles, and thereupon paroled to go without our lines. He, still under parole, appeared in arms at the head of his men, among the first to enter our lines after the surrender. As to Gen. McClellan, his most glaring fault in the premises would seem to have been his designation March 29. of Col. Miles, after his shameful behavior at Bull Run, to the command of a post so important as Harper's Ferry. It is easy now to reproach him with the slowness of his advance from Washlington to Frederick; but it must be borne in mind that his force consisted of the remains of two beaten armies — his own and Pope's;--not so much strengthened as swelled by raw troops, hastily levied for an emergency; while opposed to him was an army of veterans, inferior indeed in numbers, but boasting o
nuance of and withdrawal from the various expeditions looking to the control of the valley of the Yazoo, and the eapture or destruction of the thirty Rebel steamboats employed on that river or laid up near Yazoo City. All being at length prepared, and the Winter overflow of the Mississippi so far abated that the so-called roads of that region were no longer generally under water, but only beds of the profoundest and softest black mud. Gen. McClernand, with his (13th) corps, was impelled March 29. down the west bank of the great river to New Carthage; McPherson following directly with his (17th) corps; each moving no faster than it could be accompanied by its trains. The roads were so inconceivably bad that the advance was inevitably laborious and slow. The river-bank, being higher than the country back of it, the march was mainly along the levee; of course, under constant observation from the Rebel pickets and scouts across the river. When our van was barely two miles from New
sisted by cavalry only, and not seriously, till, on reaching Mitchell's creek, a stand was made March 25. by some 800 of the 6th and 8th Alabama cavalry, under Clanton, who were promptly charged and routed--275 prisoners, including Clanton, being taken, and the residue of the force dispersed. Steele encountered no further resistance till he was in front of Blakely, which was strongly held by the Rebels; where lie halted and sent to Canby for supplies, which were promptly transmitted. March 29. Gen. Granger's march around Don Secours bay and up to Mobile was impeded by pouring rains and heavy roads; so that Smith's corps, which was embarked on transports and thus moved up and across the bay to their appointed rendezvous near Fish river, arrived first; March 21. but Granger's corps came up in the course of the two following days; and the joint advance on Mobile was resumed on the 25th. It was resisted only by skirmishers; but the roads were thickly planted with torpedoes,
t was now added the necessity of intercepting and precluding Lee's withdrawal to North Carolina. Hence, the strategy of a nearly simultaneous attack on both flanks of the Rebel position was now abandoned: three divisions of the Army of the James, now commanded by Ord, being withdrawn March 27. from the banks of the James, where it had so long menaced Richmond, and brought over to the left of our lines facing Petersburg; when the (Warren's) and 2d (Humphreys's) corps moved quietly out March 29. southwestward till they had crossed Hatcher's run; when, facing northward, they advanced, feeling for the enemys right. Sheridan was on our extreme left, at the head of nearly 10,000 cavalry, acting under orders directly from Gen. Grant. The 9th (Parke's) and one of Ord's divisions were left to hold our extended lines under the command of Gen. Parke: all dismounted troopers being ordered to report to Gen. Benham, who guarded our immense accumulation of supplies at City Point. Humphrey
before the final campaign, the morning reports show the corps strength to have been 17,073, present for duty, equipped. In the closing battles of the war, from March 29th to April 9th, 1865--including Gravelly Run, White Oak Road, and Five Forks--the casualties in the corps aggregated 2,465 in killed, wounded, and missing. Its l The last infantry-volley of the war had been fired. This fight, on the day of Lee's surrender, was known by the troops as Clover Hill. During this campaign, March 29th to April 9th,--from Hatcher's Run to Appomattox — the Twenty-fourth Corps lost 149 killed, and 565 wounded; total, 714. When General Ord moved the Army of th1 336 481 Shenandoah campaign, 1864; Opequon, Tom's Brook, Cedar Creek, and 26 other engagements 454 2,817 646 3,917 Fall of Petersburg and Pursuit of Lee, March 29--April 9, 1865 221 930 339 1,490 It will be observed that over one-fourth of these losses are made up of captured, or missing, men. This was unavoidable, a
urg, Va.             March 25, 1865.             93d Pennsylvania Getty's Sixth 15 136 -- 151 28th Massachusetts Miles's Second 7 69 -- 76 120th New York Mott's Second 6 32 46 84 Appomattox campaign, Va. Includes Gravelly Run, March 29th; White Oak Road and Boydton Road, March 31st; Five Forks, April 1st; Fall of Petersburg, April 2d; Sutherland Station, April 2d; Sailor's Creek, and High Bridge, April 6th; Farmville, April 7th; and Appomattox, April 9th. The regiments sustain of Petersburg, and Sailor's Creek; the Ninth Corps, at the Fall of Petersburg; the Twenty-fourth Corps, at the Fall of Petersburg, High Bridge, and Appomattox. The cavalry sustained losses daily, from Gravelly Run to Appomattox.             March 29--April 9, 1865.             198th Pennsylvania Griffin's Fifth 37 178 22 237 91st New York Crawford's Fifth 33 176 21 230 185th New York Griffin's Fifth 32 171 6 209 207th Pennsylvania Hartranft's Ninth 38 139 8 185
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 13: occupations in 1863; exchange of prisoners. (search)
ung officer from Salem, Massachusetts, Col. Charles A. R. Dimon. He went out with me with the three months men, and I later promoted him to be a colonel. He took command of this enlisted regiment, which did most efficient service. On the 29th of March I received this letter from Mr. Ould, agent of exchange:-- C. S. Steamer Roanoke, mouth of James River, March 29, 1864. Maj.-Gen. B. F. Butler, U. S. Agent of exchange: Sir:--I am here for the purpose of having a conference with you wounded and sick Confederates who were sufficiently convalescent to bear the voyage. Upon the return of the boat, I was informed by Major Mulford, that the Confederate agent of exchange would meet me on the James River on Wednesday, the 29th day of March. Accordingly I received notice from Admiral Lee, late in the evening of that day, that a flag of truce boat was seeking communication at the outer picket line of the blockading fleet at the mouth of the James River. The same messenger b
Colonel Donald, of Leake county, Mississippi, recently gave a novel party to the young people of his neighborhood. The ticket sent to each young lady, required that she should come dressed in Mississippi manufactured apparel, in the manufacture of which she must in some way assist. The young gentlemen were also required to dress in the manufacture of Mississippi, made in Leake and Attala. There were nearly one hundred persons of both sexes in attendance, all attired as directed. The scene was not brilliant, but the papers say it was patriotic.--Evening Post, March 29.
sult not ascertained. March 24.--Firing continued at intervals; rebel batteries replied but seldom. March 25.--Affairs unchanged. March 26.--Main works of the enemy reported overflowed. Operations slackened. March 27.--Firing continued at intervals only. Residents captured report the rebels fifteen thousand strong. March 28.--Heavy firing from the fleet. Upper battery reported silenced; enemy lost sixty killed, and twenty-five wounded. Rebels constructing new batteries. March 29.--Firing very heavy. March 30.--Heavy bombardment, to which the rebels make no reply. March 31.--Same condition of affairs. April 1.--An expedition from the fleet proceeded to the upper rebel fort and spiked six guns. April 2.--Operations not reported. April 3.--Rebel heavy floating battery detached from shore and drifted down the stream. Gunboat Carondelet ran the blockade. April 4.--Firing active, and good execution to the rebel works reported. April 5.--Transports a
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