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Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 457 457 Browse Search
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2 39 39 Browse Search
Col. O. M. Roberts, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 12.1, Alabama (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 14 14 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 13 13 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1. 13 13 Browse Search
Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 12 12 Browse Search
Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States. 11 11 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 10 10 Browse Search
Adam Badeau, Military history of Ulysses S. Grant from April 1861 to April 1865. Volume 1 10 10 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 9 9 Browse Search
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Eliza Frances Andrews, The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865, chapter 4 (search)
the various raids and forays alluded to in the journal were really nothing but the march of victorious generals to take possession of a conquered country. Communication was so interrupted that we did not hear of the fall of Richmond till the 6th of April, four days after it happened, and no certain news of Lee's surrender reached us till the 20th, eleven days after the event, though we caught vague rumors of it on the 19th. Chunnennuggee Ridge, to which allusion is made in this chapter andwards Eufaula, so that puts a stop to our Chunnennuggee trip. I can't say that I am disappointed, for I don't want to turn my face from home any more, but Mett was anxious to make the trip, and I thought it would be mean not to go with her. April 6, Thursday Capt. Greenlaw brought his flute and spent the morning. He is red-headed and ugly, but very musical, and such jolly good company that one can't help liking him. I don't know when I have met a person that seemed so genial and altog
nds of the Mexicans. The enemy only remained two days, but carried off all the valuables and a number of Mexican citizens who voluntarily accompanied them. Eight days later 3,500 Texan volunteers had assembled at San Antonio under Burleson, and they impatiently demanded to be led in pursuit of the retreating foe. Their commander was equally ready to retaliate upon the Mexicans, but they were restrained by one Executive order after another, until on April 2d they were disbanded. On the 6th of April General Burleson published an address, in which he says: I feel no hesitation in believing that if my orders had permitted me to cross the Rio Grande and retaliate upon our enemy his oft-repeated outrages, by this time 5,000 brave men would have been west of said river, inflicting a chastisement upon him that would result in an honorable peace. But President Houston's order of the 22d of March--in which he says that one hundred and twenty days will be necessary before we can make a
he trial of Colonel Thomas Worthington, Forty-sixth Ohio Volunteers, who had severely criticised General Sherman, the latter testifies: Vide Sherman's historical raid, by Boynton, p. 29; also Shiloh, p. 22, by Colonel Worthington. I will not insult General Smith's memory by criticising his selection of a field. It was not looked to so much for defense as for ground on which an army could be organized for offense. We did not occupy too much ground. .. . But even as we were, on the 6th of April, you might search the world over and not find a more advantageous field of battle, flanks well protected and never threatened, troops in easy support; timber and broken ground giving good points to rally: and the proof is that forty-three thousand men, of whom at least ten thousand ran away, held their ground against sixty thousand chosen troops of the South, with their best leaders. In a letter to the editor of the United States service Magazine, published January, 1865, General Sher
ay the enemy's cavalry was again very bold, coming well down to our front; yet I did not believe they designed anything but a strong demonstration. General Sherman seems to deny with derision that his command was surprised on the morning of April 6th. He says ( Memoirs, vol. i., p. 244): Probably no single battle of the war gave rise to such wild and damaging reports. It was publicly asserted at the North that our army was taken completely by surprise, etc. His denial is not cabase of operations and attack us in ours — mere reconnaissance in force. General Buell says that, so far as preparation for battle is concerned, no army could well have been taken more by surprise than was the Army, of the Tennessee on the 6th of April. Buell's letter, dated January 19, 1865, to United States service Magazine, republished in the New York World, February 29, 1865. Van Horne's Army of the Cumberland, to which General Sherman's special advocate, Mr. Moulton, refers the r
n of battle. It must not stop short of entire victory. First position of troops (morning), April 6. As he rode forward he encountered Colonel Randal L. Gibson, who was the intimate friend ofnessed that scene — the marshaling of the Confederate army for attack upon the morning of the 6th of April-must remember, more distinctly than anything else, the glowing enthusiasm of the men, their bturn the enemy's left. The Hon. Jacob Thompson says, in a letter to the writer: Sunday, 6th of April, between eight and nine o'clock, General Beauregard directed me to seek General Johnston,e nearest enemy; to pass the flank of every stubborn hostile force Third position (Sunday), April 6th. which his neighbors could not move, and, at all hazards, to press forward. General Johnston ng is General Beauregard's telegram to the adjutant-general: The battle commenced on the 6th of April. We attacked the enemy in a strong position in front of Pittsburg; and, after a severe battl
dge fell back about three miles to Mickey's, which position we continued to hold, with our cavalry thrown considerably forward in immediate proximity to the battle-field. Unfortunately, toward night of the 7th instant, it began to rain heavily; this continued throughout the night; the roads became almost impassable in many places, and much hardship and suffering now ensued before all the regiments reached their encampments; but, despite the heavy casualties of the two eventful days of the 6th and 7th of April, this army is more confident of ultimate success than before its encounter with the enemy. To Major-Generals Polk, Bragg, and Hardee, commanding corps, and to Brigadier-General Breckinridge, commanding the reserve, the country is greatly indebted for the zeal, intelligence, and energy, with which all orders were executed; for the foresight and military ability they displayed in the absence of instructions in the many exigencies of the battle on a field so densely wooded a
fty qualities that marked the illustrious dead, when living, than the following beautiful epitaph, which was found pasted on a rough board attached to the tomb, by a lady passing through the St. Louis Cemetery of this city, and which was first published in the New Orleans Times: In Memoriam: by John B. S. Dimitry, of New Orleans: behind this stone is toe laid, for a season, Albert Sidney Johnston, a General in the army of the Confederate States, Who fell at Shiloh, Tennessee, On the sixth day of April, Eighteen hundred and sixty-two. A man tried in many high offices And critical Enterprises, And found faithful in all; His life was one long Sacrifice of Interest to Conscience; And even that life, on a woful Sabbath, Did he yield as a Holocaust at his Country's need. Not wholly understood was he while he lived; But, in his death, his Greatness stands confessed In a People's tears. Resolute, moderate, clear of envy, yet not wanting In that finer Ambition which makes men great and pure;
Chapter 18: Fall of Island no.10, April fifth battle of Shiloh, April sixth capture of guns General Albert Sidney Johnston killed the battle resumed at Daybreak the enemy are reenforced by Buell the Confederate army retreats great loss false reports of the Federal Generals. Corinth, Miss., April 10th, 1862. Dear Tom: In exchange for your last entertaining epistle, I send the following hurried scrawl. It would seem that the army of the West bids fair to rival that of Virginia. As you are doubtless aware, we have fought another great battle, in fact, two, which I consider are without parallel on this continent, and approach more closely to European conflicts than any thing which either you or I have participated in as yet. To give a plain statement of things, let me begin at the beginning and go through in proper order. After the disastrous affair of Fort Donelson, Johnston reformed his army, and remained some short time at Murfreesboro, but subsequen
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The first step in the War. (search)
e of Captain Gustavus V. Fox (afterward Assistant Secretary of the Navy), who had visited the fort on the 21st of March. It had been understood between Secretary Welles and Captain Fox that the movement should be supported by the Powhatan (1 11-inch and 10 9-inch guns); but, unknown to Mr. Welles, and perhaps without full understanding of this plan, President Lincoln had consented to the dispatch of the ship to the relief of Fort Pickens, for which destination it had sailed from New York, April 6th, under command of Lieutenant David D. Porter. This conflict of plans deprived Captain Fox of the ship which he calls the fighting portion of his fleet; and to this circumstance he attributed the failure of the expedition. editors. Secession Hall, Charleston, scene of the passage of the ordinance of secession. From a photograph. About 12:30 the flag-staff of Fort Sumter was shot down, but it was soon replaced. As soon as General Beauregard heard that the flag was no longer flyi
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The battle of Shiloh. (search)
y fired briskly for some minutes, but I do not think a single man engaged in this firing received an injury; the attack had spent its force. General Lew Wallace, with 5000 effective men, arrived after firing had ceased for the day, and was placed on the right. Thus night came, Wallace came, and the advance of Nelson's division came, but none unless night — in time to be of material service to the gallant men who saved Shiloh on that first day, against large odds. Buell's loss on the 6th of April was two men killed and one wounded, all members of the 36th Indiana Infantry. The Army of the Present aspect of the old Hamburg road (to the left of the New road) which led up to the Hornets' Nest. from a photograph taken in 1884. Tennessee lost on that day at least 7000 men. The presence of two or three regiments of his army on the west bank before firing ceased had not the slightest effect in preventing the capture of Pittsburg Landing. So confident was I before firing had cease
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