at he denounced both Maryland and Virginia for their hesitancy in following the example of the Cotton States; and he invited me to furnish his paper with correspondence from Montgomery, or any places in the South where I might be a sojourner.
Making an early start this morning, I once more arrived at Washington City.
I saw no evidences of a military force in the city, and supposed the little army to be encamped at the west end of the Avenue, guarding the Executive Mansion.
We Kentucky, Arkansas, and Missouri, yet remains in the Union.
We were delayed several hours at Aquia Creek, awaiting the arrival of the cars, which were detained in consequence of a great storm and flood that had occurred the night before.
These two days were mainly lost by delays, the floods having swept away many bridges, which had not yet been repaired.
As we approached Richmond, it was observed that the people were more and more excited, and seemed to be pretty nearly u
t Secretary of War by the President.
Now he is in his glory, and has forgotten me.
There are several young officers who have sheathed the sword, and propose to draw the pen in the civil service.
To-day I asked of the department a month's respite from labor, and obtained it. But I remained in the city, and watched closely, still hoping I might serve the cause, or at least prevent more injury to it, from the wicked facility hitherto enjoyed by spies to leave the country.
The condemned spies have implicated Webster, the letter-carrier, who has had so many passports.
He will hang, probably.
Gen. Winder himself, and his policemen, wrote home by him. I don't believe him any more guilty than many who used to write by him; and I mean to tell the Judge Advocate so, if they give me an opportunity.
The enemy are at Fredericksburg, and the Yankee papers say it will be all over with us by the 15th of June.
I doubt that.
l trade hitherto carried on by the Jews.
It is said that the flag of truce boats serve as a medium of negotiations between official dignitaries here and those at Washington; and I have no doubt many of the Federal officers at Washington, for the sake of lucre, make no scruple to participate in the profits of this treasonable traffic.
They can beat us at this game: cheat us in bargaining, and excel us in obtaining information as to the number and position of troops, fortifications, etc.
We are not informed of a renewal of the attack on Charleston.
It is said our shot penetrated the turret of the Keokuk, sunk.
In New York they have been exulting over the capture of Charleston, and gold declined heavily.
This report was circulated by some of the government officials, at Washington, for purposes of speculation.
Col. Lay announced, to-day, that he had authority (oral) from Gen. Cooper, A. and I.
G., to accept Marylanders as substitutes.
Soon after he ordered in
by it. Robert Tyler subsequently addressed a note to Mr. K., the purport of which I did not inquire.
We have no war news-indeed, no newspapers to-day.
The wet weather, however, may be in our favor, as it will give us time to concentrate in Virginia.
Better give up all the cities South, than lose Richmond.
As long as we hold Richmond and Virginia, the head and heart of the rebellion, we shall not only be between the enemy (south of us) and their own country, but within reach of it.
Rained all night.
Cloudy to-day; wind southwest.
The Secretary of War must feel his subordination to Gen. Bragg. Gen. Fitz Lee recommended strongly a Prussian officer for appointment in the cavalry, and Mr. Seddon referred it to Gen. B., suggesting that he might be appointed in the cavalry corps to be stationed near this city.
Gen. B. returns the paper, saying the President intends to have an organized brigade of cavalry from the Army of Northern Virginia on duty here, and there w
es at the request of the Confederate States Government.
We shall now have no more interference in Caesar's affairs by the clergy — may they attend to God's hereafter!
Ten o'clock P. M. A salute fired-100 guns — from the forts across the river, which was succeeded by music from all the bands.
The guard promenading in front of the house says a dispatch has been received from Grant announcing the surrender of Lee!
I hear that Gen. Pickett was killed in the recent battle!
Raining. I was startled in bed by the sound of cannon from the new southside fort again.
I suppose another hundred guns were fired; and I learn this morning that the Federals declare, and most people believe, that Lee has really surrendered his army — if not indeed all the armies.
My Diary is surely drawing to a close, and I feel as one about to take leave of some old familiar associate.
A habit is to be discontinued-and that is no trifling thing to one of my age. But I may find su<