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l be passed in pursuance of this recommendation shall expire at the end of the next session of Congress.
There is no other subject on which T would recommend legislation during the present session.
U. S. Grant.
The result of the investigations was the passage by Congress of an act entitled An act to enforce the provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, and for other purposes, popularly known as the Force bill, which was approved by the President April 20.
This act was as follows:
Force bill of 1871.—Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that any person who under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State, shall subject, or cause to be subjected, any person within the jurisdiction of the United States to the deprivation of any privileges or immunities secured by the Constitution of the United States, shall, any such law, statut
solute independence of Great Britain.
The recommendation was generally followed, but not without opposition.
New Hampshire had prepared a temporary State government in January, 1776.
The royal charters of Rhode Island and Connecticut were considered sufficient for independent local self-government.
New Jersey adopted a State constitution July 2, 1776; Virginia, July 5; Pennsylvania, July 15; Maryland, Aug. 14; Delaware, Sept. 20; North Carolina, Dec. 18: Georgia, Feb. 5, 1777; New York, April 20; South Carolina, March 19, 1778; and Massachusetts, March 2, 1780.
For all practical purposes—even to the extent of alterations of the constitutions, except in a few States where different provisions were made—the supreme power was vested in the respective legislatures, which, excepting Pennsylvania and Georgia, consisted of two branches.
The more numerous branch retained the name it had borne in colonial times.
In Massachusetts and other States it was the House of Representatives; in