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e of General Jackson, he determined to still further divide his army; and, while he, with the divisions of Anderson and McLaws, less than fourteen thousand men, should hold the enemy in his front, he would hurl Jackson upon his flank and rear, and crush and crumble him as between the upper and nether millstone. The very boldness of the movement contributed much to insure its success. The flank movement of Jackson's wing was attended with extraordinary success. On the afternoon of the 2d of May, he struck such a blow to the enemy on their extreme right as to cause dismay and demoralization to their entire army; this advantage was promptly and vigorously followed up the next day, when Generals Lee and Stuart (the latter then in command of Jackson's wing) joined elbows; and after most heroic and determined effort, their now united forces finally succeeded in storming and capturing the works of the enemy. Meantime Sedgwick had forced Early out of the heights at Fredericksburg, an
lk's command (then en route), the advance of which joined him at Resaca, the effective strength of General Johnston's army was not less than 68,620 men of all arms, excluding from the estimate the thousands of men employed on extra duty, amounting, as General Hood states, to ten thousand when he assumed command of the army. Army at Dalton, May 1, 1864, according to General Johnston's estimates Narrative, p. 302. 37,652 infantry. 2,812 artillery.2,392 cavalry. Mercer's brigade, joined May 2d 2,000 infantry. Thirty-seventh Mississippi Regiment, en route 400   infantry Dibrell's and Harrison's brigades in rear, recruiting their horses 2,336 cavalry. Martin's division at Cartersville 1,700   cavalry ——— 49,292 Polk's command 19,330 ——— Total effective 68,620 To enable General Johnston to repulse the hostile advance and assume the offensive, no effort was spared on the part of the government. Almost all the available military strength of the south and wes
nd an agreement that there should be an armistice; he says, however, that two days after that meeting news was received of Johnston's surrender and my capture. The latter was untrue, and he does not say who communicated it, but that he was at the same time notified that the Johnston-Sherman convention had been disavowed by the United States government, and notice given for the termination of the armistice. Under these circumstances he asked General Canby to meet him again, and on May 18th, two days before I was actually captured, but which he supposed had already occurred, he agreed with Canby on terms for the surrender of the land and naval forces in Mississippi and Alabama. These terms were similar to those made between Johnston and Sherman; the mounted men were to retain their horses, being their private property. On May 26th, the chief of staff of General E. Kirby Smith, and the chief of staff of General Canby, at Baton Rouge, arranged similar terms for the surrender of the
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 15: Chancellorsville (search)
may have a weak feature. This was the case here. Its right flank rested in the air, and was not even covered by a curtain of cavalry. Hooker, however, was not entirely blind to this weakness of his line. He inspected it early next morning, May 2, and ordered changes and enjoined vigilance which might have saved him from the surprise of the afternoon, had he not, like Pope in his campaign of the previous fall, failed to fathom the boldness of Lee's designs even after discovering the Confehe roadside, watched the head of the column march by, and exchanged with Jackson the last few words ever to pass between them. Rodes's division led the column, Colston's division followed, and A. P. Hill's brought up the rear. The sun rose on May 2 a few minutes after five, and set at 6.50 P. M. The moon was full that night. The march led by a cross-roads near the Catherine Furnace, thence southward for over a mile and then southwestward for two miles before turning west and striking the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Agreement of the people, (search)
d, shall be found in a due proportion, not competent alone to elect a representer, or the number of representers assigned thereto, it is left to future Representatives to assign such a number of parishes or villages near adjoining to such city or borough, to be joined therewith in the elections, or may make the same proportionable. Thirdly, That the people do, of course, choose themselves a representative once in two years, and shall meet for that purpose upon the first Thursday in ever second May, by eleven in the morning: and the Representatives so chosen to meet upon the second Thursday in the June following, at the usual place in Westminster, or such other place as, by the foregoing Representative, or the Council of State in the interval, shall be, from time to time, appointed and published to the people, at the least twenty days before the time of election: and to continue their sessions there, or elsewhere, until the second Thursday in December following, unless they shall ad
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boston, (search)
officers and people to be in readiness to hinder the landing of the troops which the prince might send to New England. The people first imprisoned Captain George, of the Rose frigate, and some hours afterwards Sir Edmund Andros (q. v.) Was taken at the fort on Fort Hill, around which 1,500 people had assembled. The people took the castle on Castle Island the next day. The sails of the frigate were brought on shore. A council of safety was chosen, with Simon Bradstreet as president, and on May 2 the council recommended that an assembly composed of delegations from the several towns in the colony should meet on the 9th of the same month. Sixty-six persons met, and having confirmed the new government, another convention of representatives was called to meet in Boston on the 22d. On that day fifty-four towns were represented, when it was determined to resume the government according to charter rights. The governor (Bradstreet) and magistrates chosen in 1686 resumed the government (M
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chancellorsville, battle of (search)
sville. Meade's corps, with Couch's, formed his left; Slocum's, and a division of Sickles's, his centre, and Howard's his right, with Pleasonton's cavalry near. Lee's forces had the Virginia cavalry of Owen and Wickham on the right, and Stuart's and a part of Fitzhugh Lee's on the left. McLaws's forces occupied the bridge on the east of the Big Meadow Swamp, and Anderson's continued the line to the left of McLaws. Such was the general disposition of the opposing armies on the morning of May 2. Lee was unwilling to risk a direct attack on Hooker, and Jackson advised a secret flank movement with his entire corps, so as to fall on Hooker's rear. Lee hesitated, but so much did he lean on Jackson as adviser and executor that he consented. With 25,000 men Jackson made the perilous movement, marching swiftly and steadily through the thick woods, with Stuart's cavalry between his forces and those of the Nationals. But the movement was early discovered; the Nationals, however, belie
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
t-house, N. C.—13. New York Senate passes the soldiers' voting bill by a unanimous vote.—16. Ohio Superior Court decides the soldiers' voting law constitutional. Surprise and defeat of Confederates at Half Mountain, Ky., by Colonel Gallup.—17. Women's bread-riot in Savannah, Ga.—21. Nationals destroy the State salt-works near Wilmington, N. C., worth $100,000.—25. The offer of 85,000 100-days' men by the governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Iowa accepted by the President.—May 2. Ohio National Guard, 38,000 strong, report for duty.—4. Colonel Spear, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry, departed on a raid from Portsmouth, Va., captured a Confederate camp on the Weldon road, and destroyed $500,000 worth of property at Jarratt's Station.—7. To this date, one lieutenant-general, five major-generals, twenty-five brigadiers, 186 colonels, 146 lieutenant-colonels, 214 majors, 2,497 captains, 5,811 lieutenants, 10,563 non-commissioned officers, 121,156 privates of the Con
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Coxey, Jacob J. 1854- (search)
der Colonel Fry, reached the Mississippi. This detachment was constantly growing in numbers, and was well received by the people through the States as it progressed towards Massillon to join Coxey. But at this time three weeks of constant rain interfered, the army was unable to progress, and soon scattered, as did many smaller detachments. Thus it was that Coxey was obliged to make his start with but 400 men, and about the same number, despite another rainy spell, arrived in Washington on May 2. Coxey attempted to make a speech from the steps of the Capitol, was arrested for violating a local ordinance, and obliged to spend a month in jail. The movement ended in a perfect farce, although at one time it was estimated that 20,000 men were marching to join the army. Coxey had hoped to make Congress pass a law allowing each State to issue legal-tender certificates to citizens, whenever the citizens could give personal or real property as security. In 1895, Coxey was the unsuccessf
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grierson, Benjamin Henry 1826- (search)
avalry, left La Grange, Tenn., with his own and two other regiments, and, descending the Mississippi, swept rapidly through the rich western portion of that State. These horsemen were scattered in several detachments, striking Confederate forces here and there, breaking up railways and bridges, severing telegraph wires, wasting public property, and as much as possible diminishing the means of transportation of the Confederates in their efforts to help their army at Vicksburg. Finally, on May 2, having Benjamin Henry Grierson penetrated Louisiana, this great raid ceased, when Grierson, with his wearied troops and worn-out horses, entered Baton Rouge, where some of General Banks' troops were stationed. In the space of sixteen days he had ridden 600 miles, in a succession of forced marches, often in drenching rain, and sometimes without rest for forty-eight hours, through a hostile country, over ways most difficult to travel, fighting men and destroying property. His troops had k
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