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North Carolina which was ordered to you. I have also informed you by telegram that I have applied to the Governor of Alabama to send you two additional regiments. Those regiments are now at Talladega, and will be ordered to Chattanooga. They are not armed. I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant R. E. Lee, General, Commanding. Atlanta, Ga., May 2, 1862. Hon. George W. Randolph, Secretary of War: Your dispatch just received. Refers probably to Davis' dispatch of May 2, p. 481. I turned over all the State troops to General Lawton, in command at Savannah, on the 16th of April. Under our correspondence he accepted them, and I notified you of my action. I think he has disbanded most of them and sent them home. If re-enforcements are not sent to Chattanooga immediately we shall be cut off from the coal mines, and all the iron mills and machine-shops in the State will be stopped. I have no means to arm the militia, and could not organize a force suffici
with it, but not in any official capacity. The private soldiers were fifty-five in number. There were also five Indians, serving as guides and hunters. Up to this time the region round the head-waters of the led River had been unexplored by civilized man; and the only information we had as to the sources of one of the largest rivers in the United States was derived from Indians and semi-civilized Indian hunters. The expedition started from Fort Belknap, upon the Brazos River, on the 2d of May, and marched to Red River at the mouth of the Little Witchita, and up the right bank of the latter stream to the mouth of the Big Witchita, where they crossed Red River. Proceeding westward, between Red River and a branch of Cache Creek, they struck the north fork of Red River at the west end of the Witchita Mountains, and followed that stream to its source in the Llano Estacado, or Staked Plain. Here an excursion was made to the valley of the Canadian River, at Sand Creek, in order to v
er that they may present to the President of the United States the credentials which they bear and the objects of the mission with which they are charged. We are, very respectfully, Your obedient servants, John Forsyth, Martin J. Crawford. To this virtual Declaration of War, under the guise of an overture looking to negotiation, settlement, and amity, Gov. Seward responded as follows : This reply was withheld, upon consultation with John A. Campbell, of Alabama, (then and till May 2d thereafter a Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court,) until twenty-three days subsequent to its date. Judge C. would seem to have been,even then, acting as a Confederate, despite his oath of office, though misunderstood by Gov. S. as laboring to preserve the Union. Memorandum.Department of State, Washington, March 15, 1861. Mr. John Forsyth, of the State of Alabama, and Mr. Martin J. Crawford, of the State of Georgia, on the 11th inst., through the kind offices of a distinguished Sen
five Commissioners, to be appointed by the Governor; who, of course, took care that a decided majority of them should be Secessionists. Thus, the practical control of the chief city of the State, and of the entire Missouri valley, was seized by the enemies of the Union. Fort Sumter having been captured, and a most insulting, defiant refusal returned to the President's requisition for troops by Gov. Jackson, he proceeded April 22d. to call an extra session of his Legislature, to begin May 2d, for the purpose of enacting such laws and adopting such measures as may be necessary for the more perfect organization and equipment of the Militia of this State, and to raise money and such other means as may be required to place the State in a proper attitude of defense. Orders were issued by his Adjutant-General, Hough, to the Militia officers of the State, to assemble their respective commands May 3d, to go into encampment for a week. The Legislature having been on that day reconvened
ed Jackson, he turned sharply to the right, and made his way W. S.W. through Raleigh, Westville, Hazlehurst, and Gallatin, to Union C. H., back of Natchez; thence zigzagging by Bogue Chito to Greensburg and Clinton, La., and so to Baton Rouge; May 2. having traversed more than 600 miles of hostile territory in 16 days; crossing several considerable rivers by ferriage, burning great numbers of railroad bridges, trestles, cars, and depots of supplies, having several smart engagements with Rebethe whole corps forthwith to Grand Gulf. Sending orders to the divisions of Steele and Tuttle to march southward at once, Sherman kept up the feint till after nightfall; then quietly dropped down the Yazoo to Young's Point; and next morning May 2. Blair's division moved up to Milliken's Bend, to remain there as a garrison till relieved by fresh troops from above; while Steele's and Tuttle's hurried down the west bank of the Mississippi to Hard Times, where they were ferried across, Man
by our gunboats in Grand Lake, whither she had worked her way down the Atchafalaya from Red river,and destroyed; her crew being made prisoners. Banks was delayed by Taylor's burning, as he fled, the bridges over the many bayous and sluggish water-courses of this region; but he entered Opelousas in triumph on the same day April 20. that our gunboats. under Lt.-Com'g A. P. Cooke, captured Butte à la Rose, opening the Atchafalaya to Red river; so that communication was reestablished, May 2. through the gunboat Arizona, with Admiral Farragut, at the mouth of that stream. And now a new advance was rapidly made May 5-9. by our army to Alexandria; Taylor, evacuating Fort De Russy, again retreating on Shreveport without a fight; while Admiral Porter came up the river with his fleet, and Louisiana, save its north-west corner, was virtually restored, or subjugated, as you will. Gen. Banks sent Weitzel, with a part of his army, on the track of the flying Rebels, nearly to Grand E
t a display as possible, and exchanging some long shots with the Rebels in his front, following, May 2d; raising Hooker's force at and near Chancellorsville to 70,000 men. Sedgwick, on the other sie which Union forces retired to and intrenched, May 1. G. Jackson's attack on the 11th corps, May 2. H. Position which Union forces retired to and intrenched. May 8. I. Heights at Frederickt, upon our wagons in the cleared space around the Chancellorsville house, next morning. Saturday, May 2. The 3d (Sickles's) corps, having arrived by a hard march from below Fredericksburg, had only to distract attention from the movement on our right, had been directed By order dated May 2, 9 P. M.: received at 11. by Hooker to cross at Fredericksburg, and advance forthwith on the roaan; where he remained, attempting nothing and achieving it, till an order from Hooker reached May 2. him, directing his return to the north side of the Rappahannock; which was obeyed with alacrity
l require such suspension — what then? To this question, no conclusive answer had been given, when, at the very outbreak of the Rebellion, the President authorized. April 27, 1861. Gen. Scott to suspend the privilege of habeas corpus, if, at any point on or in the vicinity of the military line which is now or which shall be used between the city of Philadelphia and the city of Washington, you fined resistance which renders it necessary. A similar discretion was soon afterward May 2. accorded to our commander on the Florida coast; the authority conferred on Gen. Scott was soon extended; July 2. it was next made Sept. 24, 1862. general so far as it might affect persons arrested by military authority as guilty of disloyal practices; and — Congress having at length by express act authorized May 3. such suspension — the President proclaimed Sept. 15 a general suspension of the privilege of habeas corpus--to continue throughout the duration of such Rebellion. Bu<
g for days, and were unable to draw our wagons; which, except one for each brigade, Steele ordered to be destroyed. And so, bridging streams, corduroying swamps, and dragging guns and caissons over them, our army plodded its weary, famished way toward the capital it had left so proudly; being met at length by a supply train, which passed down the road, throwing out hard-tack in profusion — our men scrambling for it in the mud, and devouring it with keen voracity. Steele entered Little Rock May 2d. Late June, Shelby crossed the Arkansas eastward of Little Rock, pushing northward to the White, near its mouth; and was met June 27. near St. Charles by four regiments under Gen. Carr, who worsted him, taking 200 prisoners. Our loss here in killed and wounded was 200; that of the Rebels was estimated by our officers at 500. Marmaduke soon approaching with renforcements for Shelby, Carr fell back on Clarendon, 20 miles below Duvall's bluff, where he also was reenforced; when the ene
to the utmost the Nation's magnanimity. Such was the palpable drift of his speech, delivered two nights prior to his death, as of all his prior inculcations. And now, the butchery of this gentle, forbearing spirit, by the hand, hardly less blundering than bloody, of a pro-Rebel assassin, incited a fierce, agonized, frantic yell for retaliation, that, for the moment, could only be braved at the cost of great personal obloquy and sacrifice; and the appearance of an official proclamation, May 2. signed by the new President, and counter-signed by William Hunter, as acting Secretary of State, charging that the appalling crime of Booth and his associates had been incited, concerted, and procured by and between Jefferson Davis, late of Richmond, Va., and Jacob Thompson, Clement C. Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Sanders, W. C. Cleary, and other Rebels and traitors against the Government of the United States, harbored in Canada, and offering a reward of $100,000 for the arrest of Da
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