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Isaac O. Best, History of the 121st New York State Infantry, Chapter 6: the Chancellorsville campaign (search)
ing given them by comrades and fellow soldiers. The military exploit so briefly described was one of the most brilliant of the war. The sphere of operation was the same as that which saw the disastrous defeat of the assaulting force in the previous campaign. The same stone wall, the same steep ascent, the same redoubts and forts only strengthened, and the same determined resistance to be overcome. The movement was in compliance with an order from General Hooker received at 11 A. M., on May 2, ordering Sedgwick to at once march on the Chancellorville road, and connect with the Major General commanding, to attack and destroy any force you may fall in with on the road; leave all trains behind except the pack mule train of small ammunition, and be in the vicinity of the General at daylight. The order was promptly obeyed so far as was possible. General Gibbons' division of the Second Corps, still under Sedgwick's command, was brought across the river and placed on the right. And
Oliver Otis Howard, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, major general , United States army : volume 1, Chapter 22: battle of Chancellorsville (search)
hree batteries in reserve. I had a line of intrenchments made off against the little church, extending across the opening into the woods, and facing toward our extreme right and rear. I put the reserve heavy guns in position there to protect that flank, and supported them by my general reserve of infantry, viz., Barlow's large brigade. My whole front was covered with rifle pits or barricades, constructed under the constant inspection of Major Hoffman, the chief engineer. Early Saturday (May 2d) General Hooker, with Colonel Comstock, his engineer officer, visited my corps and rode with me along my front line. He frequently exclaimed: How strong l and made no criticism. At one point a regiment was not deployed, and at another was an unfilled gap in the thick forest. Comstock advised me to keep these spaces filled, even if I had to shorten my front. I made the changes suggested. Further, the whole command was covered with a good line of skirmishers. The first commotion in my
George H. Gordon, From Brook Farm to Cedar Mountain, Chapter 1: from Massachusetts to Virginia. (search)
e of forty-two thousand and thirty-four volunteers. At the same time it was declared that no more three months regiments would be accepted. Governor Andrew, before the proclamation, had urged the General Government to accept other regiments in addition to mine. On the twenty-fifth of April he had written the Secretary of War, In addition to raising Gordon's regiment, we can send you four thousand more troops within a very short time after receipt of a requisition for them. On the second of May, Mr. Boutwell wrote Governor Andrew from Washington that Mr. Cameron, Secretary of War, agreed to authorize Massachusetts to raise two regiments in addition to mine, but that a cabinet meeting prevented completion of the orders; and it was not until the fifteenth of May, 1861, that any official designation or call was made from Washington for any other regiments for three years, or during the war, save for this one. On the above date the following letter was written Governor Andrew:--
George H. Gordon, From Brook Farm to Cedar Mountain, Chapter 5: return to Strasburg (continued)—Banks's flight to WinchesterBattle of Winchester. (search)
demonstrations in force towards Harrisonburg. They were repeated on the 30th. Banks appeared to be quietly at rest. In the afternoon of the thirtieth of April Jackson left his camp: it was soon occupied by Ewell. Straight onward to Port Republic, on the eastern side of the Shenandoah River, Jackson directed his march. The day was rainy,--indeed for the past ten days heavy rains had fallen. Do their best, the troops made but five miles; on the next they made but five; the next, the second of May, the struggle with the mud continued. By nightfall Jackson had passed Lewiston to a bivouac between that point and Brown's Gap. On the 3d, by this gap and Whitehall, he pressed onward towards Mechum's River station on the Virginia Central Railroad, and at night encamped on the hills and meadows around the station, east of the Blue Ridge. On the 4th the artillery and trains took the road by Rockfish Gap to Staunton: the troops went by rail. On Sunday, the 5th, Jackson reached Staunton
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 8: declaration of principles (search)
We are lucky who are not under the necessity of borrowing. The hope of putting up the price of daily papers in New York, although favored by the Herald, came to naught, because, under the influence of Raymond, the Times opposed it. In the end the reduction of expenses proved to be the salvation of the Tribune, which never missed an issue, but continued with renewed determination to be the organ of all who were in any way opposed to the extension or favored the destruction of slavery. On May 2d, in reply to the ominous warnings which reached it from many sides, it declared, this time in the unmistakable language of Greeley: We do not believe the Union in any present danger, yet we say most distinctly that we should prefer to belong to a peace-loving, art-developing, labor-honoring, God-fearing confederacy of twenty millions of Freemen, rather than to a filibustering, war-making, conquest-seeking, slavery-extending union of thirty millions, one-sixth of them slaves. If this b
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Chapter 13: Vicksburg campaign (search)
n officer who had picked up a pair of old gray carriage horses, which he gave to them. They found a couple of old citizen saddles and poor bridles at a farm-house near by, which enabled then to mount and make their way to headquarters, where they were received with a hearty welcome. They were complemented for their pluck and enterprise, but laughed at for their sorry outfit, which they nevertheless clung to with determination till the fortune of war brought them a better one. It was on May 2d that Dana reported at headquarters near Port Gibson. As the army had been enabled to cross the Bayou Pierre and push the enemy back towards the Big Black, Grant had resolved to ride into Grand Gulf with an escort and thus shorten his communications with the North. This he did the next day. Dana, Rawlins, and I accompanied him, and it was while we were at Grand Gulf that Grant first made known his determination to cut loose from his base as soon as his trains, now on the way, could join him
y a road behind the line-of-battle to the road that led to Germania Ford, where the extreme right of the Federal army-Howard's corps --rested. The route lay through the Wilderness, a district of country covered with scrubby oaks and a thick, tangled undergrowth. Availing himself of its cover, Jackson marched around the right flank of Hooker's army, without that general having any knowledge of the critical movement which was in progress almost within reach of his guns. Near sunset of the 2d of May, he was in position at Wilderness Church. The two divisions of McLaw and Anderson kept up a succession of feints on Hooker's front, while Jackson, with stealthy and alert movement, prepared to fall like a raging tiger upon his flank. But few hours of day-light were left when Jackson commenced his attack. It was sudden and furious. Marching rapidly from the direction of Germania Ford, he fell suddenly on Howard's corps in the forest. The yell of his soldiers was the only signal of at
than one-fourth of this number were found under arms when the close of the war tore the veil from the thin lines of Confederate defence. Condition of the commissariat. We have elsewhere noticed the mismanagement of the Confederate commissariat, and the rapid diminution of supplies in the country. The close of the year 1864, was to find a general distress for food, and an actual prospect, even without victories of the enemy's arms, of starving the Confederacy into submission. On the 2d May, two days before the battles of the last spring commenced, there were but two days rations for Lee's army in Richmond. On the 23d June, when Wilson and Kautz cut the Danville Railroad, which was not repaired for twenty-three days, there were only thirteen days rations on hand for Gen. Lee's army, and to feed it the Commissary General had to offer market rates for wheat, then uncut or shocked in the field-thereby incurring an excess of expenditure, which, if invested in corn and transportat
was that only the corps of Early was left in defence of the heights of Fredericksburg. Now the Third Corps, Gen. Sickles, is silently withdrawn from our vicinity, whither it had accompanied us, and marches up the river to join Hooker. On Saturday, May 2, while those divisions of the First and Sixth Corps which had crossed were lying upon the plain on the south side, the remaining divisions, by a series of marches and countermarches along the crests of the hills upon the north side, magnifiee-pits. During the night, Hooker contracted and reformed his lines. The First Corps arrived from below Fredericksburg, and was placed upon the right, where the Eleventh had been, previous to its discomfiture. It was now, at midnight on the 2d of May, that Gen. Sedgwick received orders to cross the Rappahannock, carry the heights behind the town, and advance on Chancellorsville until he should come up with the rear of Lee's army. All of the available force of the Sixth Corps was on the sou
Mary Thacher Higginson, Thomas Wentworth Higginson: the story of his life, XVI: the crowning years (search)
following summer, I am rejoiced to hear of your favorable progress, which I regard as due largely to a sound mind. In some anxiety as to how he should meet the expenses of this illness, he received what he called bread upon the waters. Many years before, he had befriended a young man who was convicted of burglary and sentenced to prison, and had given substantial aid to establish him in business when he was released. His own account of this bit of good fortune is found in his diary:— May 2. Received from Mrs. check for $500 for two notes of her brother for $123 dated about 1859 . . . having long held them as worthless, this being with compound interest at perhaps 4 pr. ct. though the notes were without interest. . .Great surprise. In June the invalid was transported to Dublin, and in July made the following note:— July 30. Sent to printers first (new) instalment of narrative. [ Cheerful Yesterdays. ] . . . Collapse. . . . This involves putting back on milk diet a
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