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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 3.25 (search)
ordered after a little while a column of attack, and communication was restored at the point of the bayonet. The situation of Jackson's corps on the morning of May 3d was a desperate one, its front and right flank being in the presence of not far from 25,000 men, with the left flank subject to an assault of 30,000, the corps ofannihilation. Staying Jackson's advance, Saturday evening, May 2, with artillery placed across the Plank road. From a War-time sketch. At about 5 A. M., May 3d, fighting was begun at Chancellorsville, when the Third (Sickles's) Corps began to retire to the left of our proper right flank, and all of that flank soon becameies of troops of different corps that lay in the brush to the right were brought within the lines, and the battle of Chancellorsville was ended. My pocket diary, May 3d, has the following: Sickles opened at about 5 A. M. Orders sent by me at 10 for the front to retire; at 12 M. in my new position ; the latter sentence meaning tha
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The successes and failures of Chancellorsville. (search)
Whipple's division, Third Corps) with the 84th Pennsylvania performed desperate service near Fairview on Sunday morning, May 3d, the 84th losing 215 men and the 110th losing 45 men.--editors. Abandoning the winter camp at Falmouth. From a War-ttroops had fighting in the woods before I left, but I am unable to say what was its character. On the morning of the 3d of May (Sunday) General Stuart was in command of Jackson's forces, Jackson and A. P. Hill having been wounded, as reported by flict the severest punishment upon all the troops that were engaged. In fact, the greatest injury was inflicted on the 3d of May, while the army had no commander. Had the First Corps, which had not been engaged, and the Fifth Corps, still fresh, been thrown into the action in the afternoon of Sunday, the 3d of May, when Lee's troops were exhausted from the struggle, they would certainly have made Chancellorsville what it should have been,--a complete success. These two corps mustered from 2
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The Eleventh Corps at Chancellorsville. (search)
t forth to stem the tide of retreat and refill those trenches, but the panic was too great. Then our artillery fire became weaker and weaker. Positions of the 12th Corps and part of the 3d Corps, covering the Chancellorsville plateau, May 2 and 3. I next ordered a retreat to the edge of the forest toward Chancellorsville, so as to uncover Steinwehr's knoll, the only spot yet firmly held. The batteries, except four pieces, were drawn off and hurried to the rear. The stand at the edge at direction in the face of the fire was effectually barred by the artillery and supporting troops. Stonewall Jackson fell that evening from bullet-wounds, in the forest in front of Berry's position. And here, on the forenoon of the next day, May 3d, the gallant General Berry met his death. It was here, too, that officers of the Eleventh Corps, though mortified by defeat, successfully rallied the scattered brigades and divisions, and, after shielding the batteries, went during the night to
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Stonewall Jackson's last battle. (search)
pp. 198 and 202.--editors. A little show of earth-work facing the south was quickly taken by us in reverse from the west. Flying battalions are not Brigadier-General E. F. Paxton, commanding the Stonewall Brigade of Colston's division, killed May 3. from a Tintype. flying buttresses for an army's stability. Across Talley's fields the rout begins. Over at Hawkins's hill, on the north of the road, Carl Schurz makes a stand, soon to be driven into the same hopeless panic. By the quiet Wilcommand on the field. The New Chancellor House. This picture is from a photograph taken at a reunion of Union and Confederate officers and soldiers in May, 1884. The original house (see p. 190) was set on fire by Confederate shells on Sunday, May 3d, shortly after Hooker was injured while standing on the porch. The picture faces south; Jackson attacked the Eleventh Corps from the left (west) by the Plank road, which passes in front of tie Chancellor House. The cross-road in the foregro
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Hooker's comments on Chancellorsville. (search)
are no cowards. . . . I have seen, with my own eyes, troops who now affect to look down upon the Eleventh Corps with sovereign contempt behave much worse under circumstances far less trying . . . . editors. When we arrived at the Chancellor House (which is all there is of Chancellorsville), where General Hooker had his headquarters, and where he received the hurt that came near proving mortal, General Hooker said, I was standing on this step of the portico on the Sunday morning of the 3d of May, and was giving direction to the battle, which was now raging with great fury, the cannon-balls reaching me from both the east and the west, when a solid shot struck the pillar near me, splitting it in two, and throwing one-half longitudinally against me, striking my whole right side, which soon turned livid. For a few moments I was senseless, and the report spread that I had been killed. But I soon revived, and, to correct the misapprehension, I insisted on being lifted upon my horse, a
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Sedgwick at Fredericksburg and Salem Heights. (search)
at once felt that a desperate encounter was to follow, and the recollections of the previous disaster were by no means inspiriting. It was Sunday morning, the 3d of May, and the weather was beautiful. The town was perfectly quiet, many of the inhabitants had fled, not a person was to be seen on the streets, and the windows and . The stone wall was gained and the men were quickly over it. A private of Company F, 7th Massachusetts, writes to the editors: The assault took place Sunday, May 3d, at about 11 o'clock A. M., the 7th Massachusetts leading the left column, the 36th New York Volunteers in support. Both marched by the flank. Our company (eturned to Hooker on Sunday evening. Warren says: As soon as General Sedgwick's advance had caused the retreat of the troops at Banks's Ford [about 1 P. M., May 3d], General Benham had thrown a bridge across and communicated with him. By this route and the United States Mine Ford, I returned to headquarters, near Chancellors
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Lee's knowledge of Hooker's movements. (search)
f Rodes's and mine and to continue the attack; A. P. Hill was also wounded soon afterward, and the advance of his troops in the narrow road on which alone they could move was checked by the shell and canister of twelve Napoleon guns, from an elevation within five hundred yards. The slaughter and confusion were greatly increased by this terrible fire in the night, so that the pause in the attack was one of those fatalities of war that no foresight can prevent. It was about 1 o'clock on Sunday, May 3d, that Lee received information that Early had been driven from Marye's Heights and was falling back before Sedgwick. Jackson's corps, which had been fighting since 6 o'clock the previous evening, with very little rest during the night, renewing the conflict at daylight, and capturing the positions at Chancellorsville, was much diminished by casualties and much exhausted by fatigue, hunger, and thirst; but it was preparing to move upon Hooker's last line of intrenchments, erected during
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., The opposing forces in the Chancellorsville campaign. (search)
es M. Robertson: B and L, 2d U. S., Lieut. Albert O. Vincent; M, 2d U. S., Lieut. Robert Clarke; E, 4th U. S., Lieut. Samuel S. Elder. The casualties in the Union forces during the campaign were as follows:  Killed.Wounded.Captured or Missing.Total. Germanna Ford, April 2914 5 Franklin's Crossing, April 29--May 2218 20 Fitzhugh's Crossing, April 29--May 2191449172 Stoneman's Raid, Apl. 29--May 1147139150 Old Wilderness Tavern, April 3011 2 Chancellorsville, April 30 3 3 Spotsylvania C. H., April 303123651 Rapidan Station, May 11142439 Chancellorsville, May 1--610826849421412,145 Fredericksburg, or Marye's and Salem Heights, May 3, 4493271014974,700   Grand total16069762591917,287 According to the returns for April 30, 1863 ( Official Records, Vol. XXV., Pt. II., p. 320), the effective strength of Hooker's army was, in round numbers, about 130,000, distributed as follows: Infantry, 111,000; cavalry, 11,000; and artillery, 8000, with 404 pieces of the latt
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 5.63 (search)
o the enemy, but in the transfer by Halleck of more than thrice as many Union troops from the Trans-Mississippi to the Tennessee to meet them there. This policy of depleting the forces west of the Mississippi, persisted in by the Confederate authorities, thenceforth down to the fall of Vicksburg, was one of the gravest of those blunders whereby the downfall of the Confederacy was precipitated. Curtis meanwhile moved without opposition from Elkhorn into northeastern Arkansas, and on the 3d of May occupied Batesville, a small town on White River within ninety miles of Little Rock. His effective force, after sending two divisions, under Generals Asboth and Jeff. C. Davis, to the Tennessee, still amounted to 12,422 men The Army of the South-west consisted, May 13th, 1862, of three divisions under Generals Frederick Steele, E. A. Carr, and P. J. Osterhaus. General Sigel was assigned to duty in the East by orders dated June 1st, 1862.--editors., Nothing now prevented him from moving
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., chapter 5.69 (search)
ion of his troops for the night, while I rode into the town with an escort of about twenty cavalry. Admiral Porter had already arrived with his fleet. The enemy had abandoned his heavy guns and evacuated the place. When I reached Grand Gulf, May 3d, I had not been with my baggage since the 27th of April, and, consequently, had had no change of underclothing, no meal except such as I could pick up sometimes at other headquarters, and no tent to cover me. The first thing I did was to get a bathose encountered at Raymond. They were beaten in detail by a force smaller than their own, upon their own ground. Our loss up to this time was:    Killed.Wounded.Missing. Port Gibson 13171925 South Fork, Bayou Pierre     1   Skirmishes, May 3d 19  Fourteen Mile Creek 624  Raymond 6633937 Jackson 422517 Champion's Hill 4101844187 Big Black 392373 Bridgeport  1     Total[In all, 4379]6953425259 Of the wounded many were but slightly so, and continued on duty. No
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