ce he moved to Middletown by a road to the right of the main Valley road, hoping there to cut off Banks.
But the latter was too quick for him: so that when he reached Middletown, he struck only the rear of the retreating Union column.
Banks, with his small force, offered such resistance as he could to the advance of Jackson, and took position on the heights of Winchester (May 24), where he gave fight, till, being assailed on both flanks, he retired hastily to the north bank of the Potomac (May 25), making a march of fifty-three miles in forty-eight hours. Jackson continued the pursuit as far as Halltown, within two miles of Harper's Ferry, where he remained till the 30th, when, finding heavy forces converging on his rear, he began a retrograde movement up the Valley.
The tidings of Jackson's apparition at Winchester on the 24th, and his subsequent advance to Harper's Ferry, fell like a thunderbolt on the war-council at Washington.
The order for McDowell's advance from Fredericksb
rallied for the defence Sheridan retired towards the Chickahominy.
Crossing at Meadow Bridge he drove the enemy from his front, and repulsed an attack on his rear by Confederate infantry from the city.
After destroying the railroad-bridge over the Chickahominy, Sheridan moved to Haxall's Landing, which he reached on the 14th of May Here he remained three days to refit, when he returned by way of Baltimore Store, White House, and Hanover Courthouse, rejoining the Army of the Potomac, the 25th of May, on the Pamunkey.
Co-operative movements on the James and in the Shenandoah Valley.
Thus far in the campaign, the course of this narrative has followed the main action as waged between the two mighty adversaries in tide-water Virginia.
It is now necessary to interrupt for a time this recital, and trace the development of the movements co-operative under Butler and Sigel, on the banks of the James River and in the Valley of the Shenandoah.
This I shall only do so far as may b