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Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 5: the greater assault on Wagner. (search)
Morris Island, S. C. General,β€”In answer to your request that I furnish you with a report of the part taken by the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers in the late assault upon Fort Wagner, I have to state:β€” During the afternoon of the 18th of July last, the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers, Col. R. G. Shaw commanding, landed upon Morris Island and reported at about six o'clock P. M. to Brig.-Gen. G. C. Strong. Colonel Shaw's command present consisted of a lieutenant-colonel of the occasioned one of a number of new and important questions raised for governmental consideration, which it was the fortune of the regiment to present and have decided for the benefit of all other colored soldiers. Before the actions of July 16 and 18, no considerable number of black soldiers had been captured. Under the acts of the Confederate Congress they were outlaws, to be delivered to the State authorities when captured, for trial; and the penalty of servile insurrection was death. Th
as senior officer, assumed command. Preparations were made for a bombardment of Sumter as well as for the siege of Wagner. Work began on the artillery line of July 18, that night, for the first parallel, 1,350 yards from Wagner. When completed, it mounted eight siege and field guns, ten mortars, and three Requa rifle batteriescements, consisting of Gen. George H. Gordon's division from the Eleventh Corps, arrived on the 13th and landed on the 15th upon Folly Island. No rain fell from July 18 until August 13, which was favorable for the siege work, as the sand handled was dry and light. This dryness, however, rendered it easily displaced by the wind, olored Troops. General Beauregard reports his loss during the siege as a total of 296, exclusive of his captured. But the official War Records show that from July 18 to September 7 the Confederate loss was a total of 690. The Federal loss during the same period by the same authority was but 358. Despite the exposure of the
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 7: bombardment of Charleston. (search)
cco, dried apples, lime-juice, writing-paper, brushes, etc., were purchased with the company funds, as the men had no money. To replace the State color lost on July 18, Governor Andrew caused a new one to be forwarded to the Fifty-fourth. Its receipt on October 2 was attended with great enthusiasm, the rousing cheers of the menilitary secretary of Governor Andrew, and also one of the regiment's early and tried friends. There had been several promotions in consequence of the action of July 18. Lieutenant Smith was made captain of Company G, but was still North; Lieutenant Walton, captain of Company B, vice Willard, resigned. Second Lieutenants T. L. not received for some months. In the case of the Fifty-fourth it was awarded to the four men specially mentioned in Colonel Hallowell's report of the assault of July 18, previously printed herein. There arrived for the regiment a present from Mrs. Colonel Shaw of one thousand small copies of the Gospels, neatly bound in morocco
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Roster of the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
borer; Hudson, N. Y. 4 Mch 63; 24 Dec 63 Portsmouth Grove, R. I.; dis. Wounded 18 July 63 Ft. Wagner. $50. Wilson, William Corpl. 29, sin.; laborer; Indianapolis laborer; Northampton. 3 Apl 63; 29 Jly 64 Ft. Green, Folly Id. S. C. Wounded 18 July 63 Ft Wagner. $50. Jackson, George F. 20, sin.; laborer; Binghampton, N. Y. t Wagner. $50. Lowe, Francis 20, sin.; cook; Cleveland, O. 8 Apl 63.; killed 18 July 63 Ft Wagner. $50. LYONs, John 19, sin.; laborer; Chicago, Ill. 8 Apl 63; 2065. $325. Williams, Edward 28, mar.; laborer; Oberlin, O. 12 May 63; killed 18 July 63 Ft Wagner. $50. Williams, Eugene T. 20, sin.; shoemaker; Oxford. 28 Nov . C. Lewis, Augustus 20, sin.; laborer; Shippensburg, Pa. 29 Apl 63; killed 18 July 63 Ft. Wagner. $50. little, Thomas 26, sin.; farmer; Windsor, Vt. 25 Jly 63 farmer; Battle Creek, Mich. 23 Apl 63; 29 May 65 Beaufort, S. C; dis. Wounded 18 July 63 Ft Wagner. $50. Turner, Henderson 22, sin.; farmer; Martinsburg, Pa 29 Ap
, but in compliance with instructions, all information or conversation upon these troops was declined. This silence was maintained until the very last. In a correspondence Gillmore accused Beauregard of breach of faith in not exchanging his wounded colored soldiers. Beauregard in reply said that in the arrangements for exchange General Vodges ignored the negroes. He wrote, You chose, sir, to ignore your negro ally after having given him the right or head of your storming column on the 18th of July. In its issue of August 12, 1863, the Charleston Mercury made certain comments and criticisms regarding the treatment of the colored prisoners. This drew from General Beauregard, through his chief of staff, the following letter, which sets forth important information:β€” headquarters Department of South Carolina. Charleston, S. C., August 12, 1863. Colonel R. B. Rhett, Jr., Editor of Mercury. In the Mercury of this date, you appear to have written under a misapprehension of the f