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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Contreras, battle of (search)
eras, battle of General Scott resumed his march from Puebla for the city of Mexico Aug. 7, 1847. The road lay mostly along the line of the march of Cortez, more than 300 years before. From the lofty summits of the mountains the American army could look down into the magnificent valley of Mexico and see the capital in the distance. Down into that valley the army cautiously moved, for resistance was expected at the mountain passes. General Twiggs, with his division, led the way; and on Aug. 11 encamped at St. Augustine, with the strong fortress of San Antonio before him. Close upon his right were the heights of Churubusco, crowned with fortifications finished and unfinished, and manned by several thousand Mexicans; and not far off was the strongly fortified camp of Contreras, on a rugged height, containing between 6,000 and 7,000 men under General Valencia. In the rear of it was Santa Ana with 12,000 men as a reserve. In the afternoon of Aug. 19, Generals Twiggs and Pillow, as
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kossuth, Lajos (Louis) 1802- (search)
(Louis) 1802- Patriot; born in Monok, Hungary, April 27, 1802; was in the Hungarian Diet in 1832-36; imprisoned for political reasons by the Austrian government in 1837-40; re-elected to the Diet in 1847; and became minister of finance in the independent Hungarian ministry which Emperor Ferdinand was forced to grant in 1848. Later in that year the Hungarians rose in insurrection against Austria; on April 14, 1849, the Diet declared Hungary independent, and appointed Kossuth governor; on Aug. 11 following Kossuth resigned his functions to General Gorgei; and, on the surrender of the latter two days afterwards, Kossuth fled to Turkey, where he remained in exile till 1851. In 1851-52 he visited the United States and received a hearty welcome in Louis Kossuth. all the principal cities. Subsequently he resided in London and in Turin, where he died, March 20, 1894. Under the title of Schriften aus der emigration he published his memoirs in 1881-82. In the United States. After
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mayaguez, (search)
Mayaguez, A seaport town of Porto Rico, in the province of the same name, about 50 miles west of Ponce. On Aug. 8, 1898, a body of American troops, under Brig.-Gen. Theodore Schwan, advanced rapidly from Yanco towards Mayaguez. On the same date Sabona la Grande was. occupied, and on Aug. 10, San German. The Americans then attacked the Spaniards near Hormigneros, and with a rapid charge carried the position in face of a heavy fire. The casualties of the engagement, as officially reported, were, on the American side, one killed and fifteen wounded; on the Spanish side, twenty-five killed and fifty wounded. On the next morning, Aug. 11, General Schwan entered Mayaguez unopposed.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nez Perce Indians, (search)
Northwest where such a force of soldiers was longer on the trail of a retreating foe, and where the troops endured such indescribable hardships more bravely. First General Gibbon, who was then in Montana, started in pursuit with a force of less than 200, and came upon the Indians on a branch of the Big Hole or Wisdom River, and attacked them Aug. 9, but was compelled to assume the defensive, as he was greatly outnumbered. and the Indians withdrew the next night. General Howard arrived on Aug. 11, with a small escort, and resumed the pursuit. On Aug. 20, when he was at Camas Prairie, the Indians turned on him and stampeded and ran off his pack-train, which were partially recovered by his cavalry. The fleeing Indians then traversed some of the worst trails for man or beast on this continent, as General Sherman described it. Their course may thus be briefly given: The Nez Perces, after leaving Henry's Lake in Montana, passed up the Madison and Fire Hole Basin into the Yellowstone
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Oswego, (search)
vernors and commissioners held at Albany, the Six Nations renounced their covenant of friendship with the English. In 1756 Dieskau was succeeded by the Marquis de Montcalm, who, perceiving the delay of the English at Albany and their weakness through sickness and lack of provisions (of which he was informed by spies), collected about 5,000 Frenchmen, Canadians, and Indians at Frontenac (now Kingston), at the foot of Lake Ontario, crossed that lake, and appeared before Oswego in force on Aug. 11. He attacked Fort Ontario, on the east side of the river, commanded by Colonel Mercer, who, with his garrison, after a short but brave resistance, withdrew to an older fort on the west side of the stream. The English were soon compelled to surrender the fort. Their commander was killed, and on the 14th Montcalm received, as spoils of victory, 1,400 prisoners, a large quantity of ammunition and provisions and other stores, 134 pieces of artillery, and several vessels lying in the harbor.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pennymite and Yankee War. (search)
men from Connecticut and a party under Stewart, suddenly descended from the mountains and menaced a new fort which Ogden had built. The besieged, within strong works, were well supplied with provisions, and defied their assailants. Ogden managed to escape, went to Philadelphia, and induced the governor (Hamilton) to send a detachment of 100 men to Wyoming. The expedition was unsuccessful. The besiegers kept them at bay, and the siege, during which several persons were killed, was ended Aug. 11. By the terms of capitulation, the Pennsylvanians were to leave the valley. So ended the contest for 1771. The Yankees held the coveted domain, and, under the advice of the Connecticut Assembly, they organized civil government there upon a democratic system. The government was well administered, the colony rapidly increased, and the people were prosperous and happy. The settlement was incorporated with the colony of Connecticut, after a judicial decision in England. The territory wa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), St. Michael, defence of (search)
g privateers, called Baltimore clippers, were built. Seven of these were on the stocks there in August, 1814, when Admiral Cockburn appeared, with the intention of destroying them and the village. The veteran Gen. Derry Benson, commander of the militia of Talbot county, prepared to receive the invaders. He constructed two redoubts, and the militia from the adjacent country were called to the defence of the place. Benson had, in the aggregate, about 300 men. Between midnight and dawn on Aug. 11 the invaders proceeded to the attack in eleven barges, each armed with a 6-pounder fieldpiece. The night was intensely dark, and the first intimation of their presence was the booming of their cannon. The Marylanders, though a little surprised, made a gallant resistance from the batteries. Under cover of their guns, the invaders landed in a compact body to storm the batteries, when a 9-pounder in one of them opened and cut a wide swath through the line of the British, killing nineteen an
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
pension of hostilities. In his report General Henry states that Arecibo would have been occupied on the 14th. Had hostilities not been suspended at that particular time, the Spaniards retreating before Schwan's brigade would have been captured, as they were between two strong commands and escape was impossible. By Aug. 9 General Ernst's brigade, of Wilson's command, was encamped along the valley in advance of Coamo, with its outposts about 5 1/2 miles beyond that town. On Aug. 10 and 11 General Wilson had careful reconnoissances made of the enemy's position at Aibonito, as a result of which it was considered to be practicable to again turn the enemy by his right, to be effected by moving the main body of his (General Wilson's) command to Barranquitas, and thence to Aibonito, via Honduras, or to Cayey, via Comerio and Cidra, or to Las Cruces, on the main highway to San Juan, as circumstances might determine, leaving sufficient troops to hold the line occupied by our outposts i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), War of 1812, (search)
. This order produced amazement and indignation in the minds of Izard and his officers, for they knew the imminent peril of immediate invasion, from the region of the St. Lawrence, of a large body of Wellington's veterans, who had lately arrived in Canada. Both the army and people were expecting an occasion for a great battle near the foot of Lake Champlain very soon, and this order produced consternation among the inhabitants. Izard wrote to the War Department in a tone of remonstrance, Aug. 11: I will make the movement you direct, if possible; but I shall do it with the apprehension of risking the force under my command, and with the certainty that everything in this vicinity but the lately erected works at Plattsburg and Cumberland Head will, in less than three days after my departure, be in the possession of the enemy. Nine days afterwards Izard wrote to the Secretary: I must not be responsible for the consequences of abandoning my present strong position. I will obey orders,
now to look decidedly serious. I had but three days of fuel on board, and, upon consulting my chart, I found that I was still 550 miles from my port, current taken into account. It was not possible for the dull little Summer to make this distance, in the given time, if the wind, and current should continue of the same strength. I resolved to try her, however, another night, hoping that some change for the better might take place. My journal tells the tale of that night as follows:— August 11th.—The morning has dawned with a fresh breeze, and rather tough sea, into which we have been plunging all night, making but little headway. The genius of the east wind refuses to permit even steam to invade his domain, and drives us back, with disdain. His ally, the current, has retarded us sixty miles in the last twenty-four hours! I now no longer hesitated, but directing the engineer to let his fires go down, turned my ship's head, to the westward, and made sail; it being my intention
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