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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brown, John, 1744- (search)
les out of school. Make no confession. Union is strength. Without some well-digested arrangements nothing to any good purpose is likely to be done, let the demand be never so great. Witness the case of Hamlet and Long in New York, when there was no well-defined plan of operations or suitable preparation beforehand. The desired end may be effectually secured by the means proposed; namely, the enjoyment of our inalienable rights. The fight of Osawatomie. Early in the morning of Aug. 30 the enemy's scouts approached to within one mile and a half of the western boundary of the town of Osawatomie. At this place my son Frederick (who was not attached to my force) had lodged, with some four other young men from Lawrence, and a young man named Garrison, from Middle Creek. The scouts, led by a pro-slavery preacher named White, shot my son dead in the road, while he — as I have since ascertained — supposed them to be friendly. At the same time they butchered Mr. Garrison, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Long Island. (search)
s did not exceed 1,000, of whom one-half were prisoners. Howe did not follow up his advantage, but allowed the American army on Long Island to retreat in safety to New York. This retreat was unsuspected by the British leaders on land and water until it was too late to pursue. A Tory woman Lord Stirling's last stand around the Cortelyou House. living near the ferry sent her negro servant to inform the British of the retreat. Brower's Mill in 1850 He encountered a German sentinel, who could not understand a word he said, and would not let him pass. Before six o'clock (Aug. 30> 1776) 9,000 American soldiers, with their baggage and munitions of war, excepting some heavy artillery, had crossed the East River from Long Island to Manhattan, or New York, Island. When Howe perceived this he became greatly enraged, took possession of the deserted camp, moved his army eastward, its advance being at Flushing, and prepared to seize the city of New York with the American troops in it.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McMinnsville, battle near (search)
Chattanooga and its vicinity. Buell disposed his line from Huntsville, Ala., to McMinnsville, Warren co., Tenn. So lay the opposing armies when Kirby Smith left Knoxville to invade Kentucky. Bragg crossed the Tennessee, just above Chattanooga, on Aug. 21, with thirty-six regiments of infantry, five of cavalry, and forty guns. Louisville was his destination. He advanced among the rugged mountains towards Buell's left at McMinnsville as a feint, but fairly flanked the Nationals. This was a cavalry movement, which resulted in a battle there. The horsemen were led by General Forrest, who, for several days, had been hovering around Lebanon, Murfreesboro, and Nashville. Attempting to cut off Buell's communications, he was confronted (Aug. 30) by National cavalry under E. P. Fyffe, of Gen. T. J. Wood's division, who had made a rapid march. After a short struggle the Confederates were routed. Supposing Bragg was aiming at Nashville, Buell took immediate measures to defend that city.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Manassas Junction. (search)
t 40,000. It had failed to keep Lee and Jackson apart, and it was now decidedly the weaker force. Prudence counselled a retreat to Bull Run, or even to the defences of Washington; but Pope resolved to try the issue of another battle. He expected rations and forage from McClellan, at Alexandria, but was disappointed. When it became clear that he would receive no aid from McClellan, he had no other alternative than to fight or surrender, so he put his line into V shape on the morning of Aug. 30. Lee made a movement which gave Pope the impression that the Confederates were retreating, and the latter telegraphed to Washington to that effect. He ordered a pursuit. When, at 10 A. M., an attempt was made to execute this order, a fearful state of things was developed. The eminence near Groveton was found to be swarming with Confederates, who, instead of retreating, had been massing under cover of the forest, in preparation for an offensive movement. They opened a furious fire on th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mims, Fort, massacre at (search)
hole was known as Fort Mims. Major Beasley was placed in command and authorized to receive any citizens who would assist in defence of the station, and issue soldiers' rations to them. Its dimensions were soon too small for the people who flocked to it for protection against the impending storm, and a new enclosure was built. At the close of August Indians were seen prowling around Fort Mims; but Major Beasley was confident that he could maintain the post against any number of Indians. Aug. 30 was a beautiful day, and no sense of danger was felt at the fort. It contained 550 men, women, and children. The mid-day drum was beaten for dinner. The soldiers' were loitering listlessly around, or were playing cards; almost 100 children were playing around, and young men and maidens were dancing. At that moment 1,000 almost naked Creek warriors lay in a ravine not more than 440 yards from the fort, ready, like famished tigers, to spring upon their prey. They were led by Weathersford
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Netherland. (search)
claim to it because of a grant made to his father by Sir William Alexander. Late in August, 1664, a land and naval armament, commanded by Col. Richard Nicolls, anchored in New Utrecht Bay, just inside of the present Coney Island There Nicolls was joined by Governor Winthrop, of Connecticut, several magistrates of that colony, and two leading men from Boston. Governor Stuyvesant was at Fort Orange (Albany) when news of this armament reached him. He hastened back to New Amsterdam, and on Aug. 30, Nicolls sent to the governor a summons to surrender the fort and city. He also sent a proclamation to the citizens, promising perfect security of person and property to all who should quietly submit to English rule. Stuyvesant assembled his council and the magistrates at the fort for consultation. The people, smarting under Stuyvesant's iron rule, panted for English liberty, and were lukewarm, to say the least. The council and magistrates favored submission without resistance. The gov
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
78 M. Gerard, minister from France to America, received in Congress Aug. 6, 1778 Congress rejects the bills of Parliament, and refuses to negotiate with Great Britain until her fleets and armies are withdrawn and she acknowledges the independence of the coloniesAug. 11, 1778 Gen. Charles Lee by court-martial for disobedience, misbehavior, and disrespect to Washington, suspended from command for one year Aug. 12, 1778 Battle of Rhode Island Aug. 29, 1778 Americans evacuate Rhode Island, Aug. 30, and British occupy Newport Aug. 31, 1778 British under General Grey burn Bedford village, in Dartmouth, Mass., and seventy American vessels lying at the wharfs Sept. 5, 1778 Benjamin Franklin appointed minister to the Court of France Sept. 14, 1778 Massacre by Indians and Tories at Cherry Valley, N. Y. Nov. 10, 1778 British troops under Howe capture Savannah; the Americans retreat across the Savannah River Dec. 29, 1778 Northern American army hutted in cantonments from Danbury, Conn.,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Richmond, battle of. (search)
Richmond, battle of. Gen. E. Kirby Smith led the van in Bragg's invasion of Kentucky in 1862. He entered the State from east Tennessee, and was making his way rapidly towards the Blue Grass region, when he was met by a force organized by Gen. Lew. Wallace, but then commanded by Gen. M. D. Manson. It was part of a force under the direction of Gen. William Nelson. Manson's troops were mostly raw. A collision occurred when approaching Richmond and not far from Rogersville on Aug. 30. A severe battle was fought for three hours, when Manson was driven back. At this junction Nelson arrived and took command. Half an hour later his troops were utterly routed and scattered in all directions. Nelson was wounded. Manson resumed command, but the day was lost. Smith's cavalry had gained the rear of the Nationals, and stood in the way of their wild flight. Manson and his men were made prisoners. The estimated loss was about equal, that of the Nationals having been about 5,000 kill
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
erms of peace. Aug. 12. The peace protocol was signed and an armistice was proclaimed. The blockade of Cuba was raised. Aug. 13. Manila surrendered to the American forces after a short land fight and bombardment by the fleet. Aug. 20. Imposing naval demonstration in the harbor of New York. The battleships Iowa, Indiana, Massachusetts, Oregon, and Texas, and cruisers New York and Brooklyn, amid a great popular ovation, steamed up the Hudson River to Grant's tomb and saluted. Aug. 30. General Merritt sailed from Manila for Paris to attend the peace conference. Sept. 9. United States peace commissioners were appointed. They sailed for France Sept. 17. Sept. 10. The United States Cuban evacuation commissioners arrived at Havana. Sept. 13. Admiral Cervera and other Spanish naval officers sailed for Spain. Sept. 18. Spanish peace commissioners were announced. Sept. 20. The evacuation of Porto Rico by the Spaniards began. Sept. 24. A commission appoint
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
ivan released on high bail......June 15, 1889 Martin Burke arrested at Winnipeg, Canada, indicted about June 20. The grand jury at Chicago, after sixteen days investigation, indict Martin Burke, John F. Beggs, Daniel Coughlin, Patrick O'Sullivan, Frank Woodruff, Patrick Cooney, and John Kunz, with others unknown, of conspiracy and of the murder of Patrick Henry Cronin......June 29, 1889 Coughlin, Burke, O'Sullivan, Kunz, and Beggs, for murder of Cronin in Chicago, May 6: trial begins Aug. 30; the first three are sentenced to imprisonment for life, Kunz for three years, and Beggs discharged......Dec. 16, 1889 [Second trial of Daniel Coughlin began Nov. 3, 1893; acquitted by jury, March 8, 1894.] Commander B. H. McCalla, of United States steamship Enterprise, by courtmartial for malfeasance and cruelty, April 22, on finding of a court of inquiry held in Brooklyn navy-yard, March 11, suspended from rank and duty for three years, sentence approved by Secretary Tracy......May
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