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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brandywine, battle on the. (search)
ut moved forward (Sept. 8) to attack Washington and turn his flank. By a dexterous movement in the night, the latter fell back to Chad's For, on the Brandywine Creek, above Wilmington, and took post in a strong position on the hills that skirt the eastern borders of that stream. The astonished Britons gave chase the next morning, but found Washington standing in their pathway View at Chad's Ford on the Brandywine. to Philadelphia. The two divisions of Howe's army met at Kennet Square (Sept. 10), and the next morning Cornwallis led a large portion of them up the Lancaster road towards the forks of the Brandywine, leaving all their baggage — even their knapsacks — with the other division. The latter moved for Chad's Ford a few hours later in a dense fog. Washington's left wing, composed of the brigades of Muhlenberg and Weedon, of Greene's division, and Wayne's division with Proctor's artillery, were on the hill east of Chad's Ford. The brigades of Sullivan, Stirling, and Stephen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carnifex Ferry, battle of. (search)
and Ohio. Early in September Rosecrans marched southward in search of Floyd. He scaled the Gauley Mountains, and on the 10th found Floyd at Carnifex Ferry, on the Gauley River, 8 miles from Summersville, the capital of Nicholas county, Va. Already a detachment of Floyd's men had surprised and dispersed (Aug. 26, 1861.) some Nationals, under Col. E. B. Taylor, not far from Summersville. At the summit of Gauley Mountain Rosecrans encountered Floyd's scouts and drove them before him; and on Sept. 10, Floyd's camp having been reconnoitred by General Benham, Rosecrans fell upon him with his whole force (chiefly Ohio troops), and for three hours a desperate battle raged. It ceased only when the darkness of night came on. Rosecrans intended to renew it in the morning, and his troops lay on their arms that night. Under cover of darkness, Floyd stole away, and did not halt in his flight until he reached Big Sewell Mountain, near New River, 30 miles distant. The battle at Carnifex Ferry was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cholera, Asiatic (search)
carrying off more than 900,000 persons on the Continent in 1829-30; in England and Wales in 1848-49, 53,293 persons; in 1854, 20,097. First death by cholera in North America, June 8, 1832, in Quebec. In New York, June 22, 1832. Cincinnati to New Orleans, October, 1832 (very severe throughout the United States). Again in the United States in 1834, slightly in 1849, severely in 1855, and again slightly in 1866-67. By the prompt and energetic enforcement of quarantine it was prevented from entering the United States in 1892. The German steamship Moravia reached New York Harbor Aug. 31, having had twenty-two deaths from cholera during the voyage. The President ordered twenty days quarantine for all immigrant vessels from cholera-infected districts, Sept. 1. On Sept. 3, the Normannia and Rugia, from Hamburg, were put in quarantine. On Sept. 10, the Scandia arrived with more cholera cases. The Surf Hotel property on Fire Island was bought by Governor Flower for quarantine purposes.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Erie, Lake, battle on. (search)
ccording to agreement. Harrison was encamped at Seneca, and late in the evening of the 19th he and his suite arrived in boats and went on board the flag-ship Lawrence, where arrangements were made for the fall campaign in that quarter. Harrison had about 8,000 militia, regulars and Indians, at Camp Seneca, a little more than 20 miles from the lake. While he was waiting for Harrison to get his army ready to be transported to Fort Malden, Perry cruised about the lake. On a bright morning, Sept. 10, the sentinel watching in the main-top of the Lawrence cried, Sail, ho! It announced the appearance of the British fleet, clearly seen in the northwestern horizon. Very soon Perry's nine vessels were ready for the enemy. At the mast-head of the Lawrence was displayed a blue banner, with the words of Lawrence, the dying captain, in large white letters Don't give up the Put-in-bay—smoke of battle seen in the distance. ship. The two squadrons slowly approached each other. The British
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harper's Ferry, (search)
3 he was in the rear of Harper's Ferry. The Confederates were then in possession of Loudon Heights and also of Maryland Heights, which commanded Harper's Ferry. That post was completely invested by the Confederates on the 14th. Miles was told by McClellan to hold on, and also informed how he might safely escape. But he appeared to pay no attention to instructions, and to make no effort at defence; and when, early on the 15th, no less than nine bat- Movements around Harper's Ferry, from Sept. 10 to 17, 1862. A, A. Jackson's march from Frederick to Sharpsburg.D, D. Walker's march from Monocacy to Sharpsburg. B, B. Longstreet's march from Frederick to Sharpsburg.E, E. Confederate position at Antietam. C, C. McLaws and Anderson's march from Frederick to Sharpsburg.H, H. Franklin's march from Pleasant Valley to Antietam. Franklin followed the same route as McLaws from Frederick to Pleasant Valley; the remainder of the Union Army that of Longstreet from Frederick to Boonesboro,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Iuka Springs, battle near (search)
place Armstrong left 179 men, dead and wounded, on the field. Informed of this raid, at Tuscumbia, Rosecrans hastened to Iuka, a little village celebrated for its fine mineral springs, about 15 miles east of Corinth, where a large amount of stores had been gathered. There, with Stanley's division, he encamped at Clear Creek, 7 miles east of Corinth, and, at the same time, Price moved northward from Tupelo with about Iuka Springs, 1862. 12,000 Confederate troops. Price struck Iuka, Sept. 10, and captured the National property there. Grant at once put two columns in motion to crush Price—one, under Rosecrans, to attack his flank and rear, and another, under General Ord, to confront him. These movements began on the morning of Sept. 18. Ord, with 5,000 men, advanced to Burnsville, followed by General Ross with more, while Rosecrans moved with the separated divisions of Stanley and C. S. Hamilton, about 9,000 strong, during a drenching rain, to San Jacinto, 20 miles southward
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Izard, George 1777-1828 (search)
99; resigned in 1803; commissioned colonel of artillery in the spring of 1812; and promoted to brigadier-general in March, 1813. He was in command on Lake Champlain and on the Niagara frontier, in 1814, with the rank of major-general. From 1825 until his death he was governor of Arkansas Territory. Early in September, 1814, he moved towards Sackett's Harbor, under the direction of the Secretary of War, with about 4,000 troops, where he received a despatch from General Brown at Fort Erie, Sept. 10, urging him to move on to his support, as he had not more than 2,000 effective men. The first division of Izard's troops arrived at Lewiston on Oct. 5. He moved up to Black Rock, crossed the Niagara River, Oct. 10-11, and encamped 2 miles north of Fort Erie. Ranking General Brown, he took the chief command of the combined forces, then numbering, with volunteers and militia, about 8,000 men. He prepared to march against Drummond, who, after the sortie at Fort Erie, had moved down to Que
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de 1757- (search)
Newport. They then removed a little south, waited two days for the enemy, and at the moment when these were marching upon their right wing, a nocturnal council of war decided that the army was to proceed to the Brandywine. The stream bearing that name covered its front. The ford called Chad's Ford, placed nearly in the centre, was defended by batteries. It was in that hardly examined station that, in obedience to a letter from Congress, the Americans awaited the battle. The evening of Sept. 10 Howe advanced in two columns, and, by a very fine movement, the left column (about 8,000 men under Lord Cornwallis, with the grenadiers and guards) directed themselves towards the fords of Birmingham, 3 miles on our right: the other column continued its road, and about nine o'clock in the morning it appeared on the other side of the stream. The enemy was so near the skirts of the wood that it was impossible to judge of his force: some time was lost in a mutual cannonading. General Washing
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Little Rock, capture of (search)
on the State capital, in two columns, led by Generals Steele and Davidson, having been reinforced. Gen. Sterling Price was in chief command of the Confederates. At Bayou Fourche, on the south side of the river, Davidson was confronted by Marmaduke, and, after a sharp struggle for two hours, the Confederates fell back towards the city. At the same time Steele was moving in a parallel line on the north side of the river. When the Nationals reached Little Rock the Confederates had abandoned it, and on the evening of Sept. 10 the city and its military appurtenances were surrendered to Davidson by the civil authorities. The troops had fled to Arkadelphia, on the Washita River. When the National troops entered the city eight steamboats, fired by the retreating Confederates, were in flames. In his campaign of forty days Steele lost about 100 men, killed, wounded, and prisoners, and captured about 1,000 prisoners. The National loss by sickness was very heavy— not less than 2,000 me
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medicine and Surgery in the United States. (search)
rst case in which the patient's life was saved, by A. W. Smyth, of New Orleans1864 Horace Green, said to have been the first specialist in diseases of the throat and lungs, died1866 Centennial international medical congress held in Philadelphia1876 New York Polyclinic organized 1880-81, opened1882 Valentine Mott, of New York, reports four apparently successful inoculations for hydrophobia, performed by himselfOct., 1886 The ninth international medical congress held in WashingtonSept. 5-101886 International medico-legal congress opens in Steinway HallJune 4, 1889 Fortieth meeting of American Medical Association opens in Newport, R. I.June 25, 1889 Experiments with the Brown-Sequard life elixir cause the death of ten people in Shamokin, PaAug. 16, 1889 The stetho-telephone is patented by James Louth, ChicagoJan. 27, 1890 The twelfth annual congress of the American Laryngological Association meets in BaltimoreMay 29, 1890 New York Institution for the Diseases of the Eye and
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