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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Antietam, battle of. (search)
enerals Ricketts, Meade, and Doubleday. Hooker at once attacked the Confederate left, commanded by Stonewall Jackson, who was soon reinforced by General Hood. Sumner was directed to send over Mansfield's corps during the night, and to hold his own in readiness to pass over the next morning. Hooker's first movement was successful. He drove black the Confederates, and his army rested on their arms that night on the ground they had won. Mansfield's corps crossed in the evening, and at dawn (Sept. 17) the contest was renewed by Hooker. It was obstinate and severe. The National batteries on the east side of the creek greatly assisted in driving the Confederates away, with heavy loss,, beyond a line of woods. It was at this time, when Hooker advanced, that Jackson was reinforced. The Confederates swarmed out of the works and fell heavily upon Meade, when Hooker called upon Doubleday for help. A brigade under General Hartsuff pressed forward against a heavy storm of missiles, and its
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Constitution of the United States (search)
f the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States. Article VII: 1. The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between the States so ratifying the same. Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America the twelfth. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names. Ga: Washington, Presidt. and Deputy from Virginia. New Hampshire. John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman. Massachusetts. Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King. Connecticut. Wm. Saml. Johnson, Roger Sherman. New York. Alexander Hamilton. New Jersey. Wil: Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Pater
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cumberland Gap, actions at (search)
ring began early in the morning, which continued all day, without any definite results. The Gap was occupied by the National forces under General Morgan, June 18. Skirmishing was of almost daily occurrence. In an engagement, Aug. 7, the Confederates lost, in killed and wounded, 125 men; National loss, 3 killed, 15 wounded, and 50 prisoners, large quantities of forage, tobacco, stores, horses and mules. General Morgan destroyed everything of value as war material, and evacuated the place Sept. 17, and, though surrounded by the enemy, he succeeded in saving his command, which reached Greenupsburg on Oct. 3. The Gap was occupied by General Bragg, Oct. 22. On Sept. 8, 1863, the place, with 2,000 men and fourteen pieces of artillery, under the Confederate General Frazer, surrendered, without firing a gun, to General Shackleford; forty wagons, 200 mules, and a large quantity of commissary stores were captured. A three hours skirmish occurred Jan. 29, 1864, on the Virginia road, 13 mil
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), De long, George Washington, 1844- (search)
crushed by the ice, June 13, 1881. Thus Lieutenant-Commander De Long and his crew were adrift in the Arctic Sea 150 miles from the New Siberian Islands and more than 300 miles from the nearest point of the mainland of Asia. With his party he started southward, and on July 28, 1881, arrived at Bennett Island, and on Aug. 20 at Thaddeus Island, from which place they travelled in boats. De Long, with fourteen others out of his crew of thirty-three, reached the main mouth of the Lena River, Sept. 17, having travelled about 2,800 miles, and landing on the mainland about 500 miles from their ship. With his men he proceeded as fast as he could until Oct. 9, when it became impossible to travel farther owing to the debility of the men. The party had separated into three branches, one commanded by De Long, the second by Lieutenant Chipp, and the third by chief engineer George W. Melville (q. v.). All of De Long's party, excepting two, perished; Chipp's boat was lost in a gale, with eight me
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Erie, Fort, (search)
ion and the repulse of the British, both parties prepared for a renewed contest. Each was strengthened by reinforcements, but the struggle was not again begun for a month. General Brown had recovered from his wound, and was again in command of his army. The fort was closely invested by the British, but Drummond's force, lying upon low ground, was greatly weakened by typhoid fever. Hearing of this, Brown determined to make a sortie from the fort. The time appointed for its execution was Sept. 17. He resolved, he said, to storm the batteries, destroy the cannon, and roughly handle the brigade on duty, before those in reserve at the camp could be brought into action. Fortunately for the sallying troops, a thick fog obscured their movements as they went out, towards noon, in three divisions—one under General Proctor, another under James Miller (who had been brevetted a brigadier-general), and a third under General Ripley. Porter reached a point within a few rods of the British ri
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
es of Cape Cod Bay by some English Non-conformists, who, calling themselves Pilgrims, had fled from England to Holland, sojourned there a few years, formed a church at Leyden, and in 1620 came to America, where they might worship God with perfect freedom. Having made arrangements with the Plymouth Company for planting a settlement, and for funds with some London merchants, they went from Delftshaven to England, and sailed for America from Plymouth in the Mayflower, of 180 tons' burden, on Sept. 17 (N. S.), and, after a stormy passage, arrived at Cape Cod in November. Seeking a good landing-place, the company, 101 in number—men, women, and children—did not leave the vessel until Dec. 22 (N. S.), when they landed on a rock on the shores of Cape Cod Bay, built some log-huts in the snow, and called the rude village New Plymouth. In the cabin of the Mayflower the men had drawn up State seal of Massachusetts. and signed a form of government—a solemn compact—by which they were to be
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, State of (search)
Thomas DonganAug. 27, 1683 1688 Francis Nicholson.1688 to 1689 Jacob LeislerJune 3, 1689to 1691 Henry SloughterMarch 19, 1691 Richard IngoldsbyJuly 26, 1691 1692 Benjamin FletcherAug. 30, 1692 1698 Richard, Earl Bellomont1698 1701 John Nanfan 1701 to 1702 Lord CornburyMay 3, 1702 to 1708 John, Lord Lovelace Dec. 18, 1708 to 1709 Richard IngoldsbyMay 9, 1709to 1710 Gerardus BeekmanApril 10, 1710 Robert HunterJune 14, 1710 1719 Peter SchuylerJuly 21, 1719 to 1720 William Burnet Sept. 17, 1720to 1728 John MontgomeryApril 15, 1728 to 1731 Rip Van Dam 1731 to 1732 William CosbyAug. 1, 1732to 1736 George Clarke1736 1743 George ClintonSept. 2, 1743to 1753 Sir Sanvers OsborneOct. 10, 1753 James De LanceyOct. 12, 1853 to 1755 Sir Charles HardySept. 3, 1755to 1757 James De LanceyJune 3, 1757to 1760 Cadwallader ColdenAug. 4, 1760to 1761 Robert MoncktonOct. 26, 1761 Cadwallader ColdenNov. 18, 1761 to1765 Sir Henry MooreNov. 18, 1765 to 1769 Cadwallader ColdenSept. 12,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Niagara, Fort (search)
beginning at sunset and ending at midnight (Lundy's Lane, Battle of.). The Americans were left in quiet possession of the field. Brown and Scott were both wounded, and the command devolved on General Ripley, who withdrew to Fort Erie. Drummond again advanced with 5,000 men, and appeared before Fort Erie on Aug. 4 and prepared for a siege. There was almost incessant cannonading from the 7th to the 14th. On the 15th Drummond attempted to carry the place by assault, but was repulsed with heavy loss (see Erie, Fort). Nearly a month elapsed without much being done, when General Brown, who had resumed the chief command, ordered a sortie from the fort. It was successful (Sept. 17). The Americans pressed the besiegers back towards Chippewa. Informed that General Izard was approaching with reinforcements for Brown, Drummond retired to Fort George. The Americans abandoned and destroyed Fort Erie Nov. 5, crossed the river, and went into winter quarters at Black Rock, Buffalo, and Batavia.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
forces after a short land fight and bombardment by the fleet. Aug. 20. Imposing naval demonstration in the harbor of New York. The battleships Iowa, Indiana, Massachusetts, Oregon, and Texas, and cruisers New York and Brooklyn, amid a great popular ovation, steamed up the Hudson River to Grant's tomb and saluted. Aug. 30. General Merritt sailed from Manila for Paris to attend the peace conference. Sept. 9. United States peace commissioners were appointed. They sailed for France Sept. 17. Sept. 10. The United States Cuban evacuation commissioners arrived at Havana. Sept. 13. Admiral Cervera and other Spanish naval officers sailed for Spain. Sept. 18. Spanish peace commissioners were announced. Sept. 20. The evacuation of Porto Rico by the Spaniards began. Sept. 24. A commission appointed by the President to investigate the conduct of the War Department began its sessions at Washington. Oct. 1. The conferences of the peace commissioners began in Paris.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
hile holding a reception in the Temple of Music......Sept. 6, 1901 The court of inquiry asked for by Admiral Schley meets at Washington......Sept. 12, 1901 President McKinley dies......Sept. 14, 1901 President Roosevelt takes the oath of office as President before Judge John R. Hazel in Buffalo......Sept. 14, 1901 President McKinley's body lies in state in the Buffalo city hall on Sept. 15; is taken to Washington, where it lies in state in the rotunda of the Capitol building on Sept. 17; is taken to Canton, O., where the last ceremonies are held......Sept. 19, 1901 In accordance with President Roose velt's proclamation the day is observed as a day of mourning throughout the country......Sept. 19, 1901 Czolgosz placed on trial in Buffalo......Sept. 23, 1901 [He is found guilty Sept. 24th, and is electrocuted at Auburn, Oct. 29th.] The body of President Lincoln is entombed......Sept. 26, 1901 Captain Connell and 45 officers and men massacred by bolomen at Bala
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