Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for September 30th or search for September 30th in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discovery of. (search)
islands. They soon afterwards saw two other alcatrazes, and great numbers of flying-fishes. These last are about a span long, and have two little membranous wings like those of a bat, by means of which they fly about a pike-length high from the water and a musket-shot in length, and sometimes drop upon the ships. In the afternoon of this day they saw abundance of weeds lying in length north and south, and three alcatrazes pursued by a rabo-de-junco. On the morning of Sunday the thirtieth of September four rabo-de-juncos came to the ship; and from so many of them coming together it was thought the land could not be far distant, especially as four alcatrazes followed soon afterwards. Great quantities of weeds were seen in a line stretching from W. N. W. to E. N. E. and a great number of the fishes which are called Emperadores, which have a very bard skin and are not fit to eat. Though the admiral paid every attention to these indications, he never neglected those in the heavens, a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clearing-Houses, (search)
taking receipts for them on their statements. These clerks make a mutual exchange of all claims, and the balances, if any, are struck, each bank paying in cash the amount of such balance. This operation occupies about one hour, within which time all accounts are adjusted. The balances due to the several banks are paid into the clearinghouse within about another hour. The extent of the system, the vast amount of money handled by it, and the enormous saving of time through. its operations are clearly detailed in the report of the comptroller of the currency. In 1900 there were eighty-four clearing-houses in the United States, and in the year ending Sept. 30 the aggregate of exchanges was $84,546,685,444, a decrease in a year of $4,281,987,089. In New York City the exchanges amounted to $51,964,588,572; in Boston, to $6,299,128,611; in Chicago, to over $6,800,000,000; in Philadelphia, to over $4,600,000,000; and in St. Louis, Baltimore, and Pittsburg, to over $1,000,000,000 each.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Finances, United States. (search)
important silver market was thus barred, the effect was to accelerate the fall in the price of that metal. At this date the value of the silver dollar was about 60 cents, and it fell below that point. The ratio of gold to silver, which in 1873 was 15+, was in 1886 20, and in 1893 25 1/2. The amount of gold in the country was greatly decreased during the same period. The gold reserve in the treasury, which had been above the $100,000,000 limit, fell in August, 1893, to $96,000,000; stood Sept. 30 at $93,000,000, and Jan. 13, 1894, had fallen to $74,000,000. Many business failures occurred during the summer. The iron trade was depressed, various cotton and woollen mills closed in New England and the Middle States, and stocks suffered. Within the first eight months of the year , 560 State and private banks and 155 national banks (mostly of small dimensions) failed. The great majority of these bank failures were in the region west of the Mississippi River. This section, especially
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Miles, Nelson Appleton 1839- (search)
Miles, Nelson Appleton 1839- Military officer; born in Westminster, Mass., Aug. 8, 1839; was engaged in mercantile business in Boston till the outbreak of the Civil War; entered the volunteer army as a captain in the 22d Massachusetts Infantry, Sept. 9, 1861; promoted lieutenant-colonel 61st New York Infantry, May 31, 1862, and colonel, Sept. 30 following; brigadiergeneral, May 12, 1864; major-general, Oct. 21, 1865; and was mustered out of the volunteers, Sept. 1, 1866. On July 28, 1866, he was commissioned colonel of the 40th United States Infantry; March 15, 1869, was transferred to the 5th Infantry; Dec. 15, 1880, promoted brigadier-general; April 5, 1890, major-general; June 6, 1900, lieutenant-general, under an act of Congress of that date; and Feb. 5, 1901, was appointed lieutenant-general under the law reorganizing the army. During the Civil War he distinguished himself at Fair Oaks (wounded), Malvern Hill, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (wounded), Ream's Station, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monroe, James 1759-1870 (search)
that were entertained of it at the opening of the last session of Congress. On Jan. 1 there was a balance in the treasury of $4,237,427.55. From that time to Sept. 30 the receipts amounted to upward of $16,100,000, and the expenditures to $11,400,000. During the fourth quarter of the year it is estimated that the receipts willt system of accountability in relation to the public expenditure. Of the money drawn from the treasury since March 4, 1817, the sum remaining unaccounted for on Sept. 30 last is more than $1,500,000 less than on Sept. 30 preceding; and during the same period a reduction of nearly $1,000,000 has been made in the amount of the unseSept. 30 preceding; and during the same period a reduction of nearly $1,000,000 has been made in the amount of the unsettled accounts for moneys advanced previously to March 4, 1817. It will be obvious that, in proportion as the mass of accounts of the latter description is diminished by settlement, the difficulty of settling the residue is increased from the consideration that, in many instances, it can be obtained only by a legal process. For
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nez Perce Indians, (search)
e Missouri River near Cow Island on Sept. 22, and the next day they crossed the Missouri and proceeded north to the British possessions, with a view to join the renegade Sioux, with whom Sitting Bull was hiding. General Howard's troops were fearfully worn down by the long pursuit, but steadily followed the fleeing Nez Perces. Howard had meanwhile sent word to Colonel Miles at Tongue River of the movements of the Indians, and that officer started with fresh forces to head off the band. On Sept. 30, he came on them near the mouth of Eagle Creek, had a fight with them, and finally captured the entire band, numbering between 400 and 500 men, women, and children. As the fight was closing General Howard came up with his troops. This ended one of the most extraordinary Indian wars of which there is any record, said General Sheridan. And he added: The Indians throughout displayed a courage and skill that elicited universal praise; they abstained from scalping; let captive women go free;
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wyoming, (search)
ng many......Sept. 2, 1885 Treaty concluded with the Shoshones and Bannocks at Fort Bridger, setting apart a reservation in Wyoming......July 3, 1886 Laramie Glass Company inaugurate the first window-glass factory west of Illinois......April 6, 1887 University of Wyoming at Laramie chartered 1886; corner-stone laid Sept. 27, 1886; and opened......September, 1887 New capitol at Cheyenne occupied by the legislature......1888 Constitutional convention assembles at Cheyenne, Sept. 3-30; constitution submitted to the people, and ratified by a vote of 6,272 to 1,923......November, 1889 Wyoming admitted to the Union by act of Congress approved......July 10, 1890 Francis E. Warren inaugurated first governor of the State of Wyoming......Oct. 14, 1890 First State legislature convenes at Cheyenne......Nov. 13, 1890 Legislature passes the Australian ballot law......1890 Forest reservation in Wyoming adjacent to Yellowstone Park set apart by proclamation of President H