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to the Tennessee river, or attack Sherman's communications. He chose the last named course, and at the same time Forrest captured Athens and moved up into the interior of Tennessee, threatening the line between Thomas and Nashville. On the 3rd of October, Hood reached Lost Mountain, which made it certain that he would attempt to strike the railroad in the neighborhood of Marietta, in Sherman's rear. Sherman at once ordered the Twentieth corps to hold Atlanta, and moved himself with the remainder of his army, upon Marietta. He crossed the Chattahoochee on the 3rd and 4th of October, and learned that heavy masses of artillery, infantry, and cavalry had been seen from Kenesaw mountain, marching north. Allatoona, where more than a million of rations were stored, was evidently their objective point. It was held by only a small brigade. Sherman signalled from mountain-top to mountain-top, over the heads of the enemy, a message for Corse, who was at Rome with a division of infantry
was now very much in earnest, and wrote the same day to Halleck: I strongly recommend General Grant to terminate this campaign by the destruction of the crops in the Valley and the means of planting, and the transfer of the Sixth and Nineteenth corps to his army at Richmond. . . There is now no objective point but Lynchburg, and it cannot be invested on the line of this valley, and the investing army supplied. . . With Crook's force the Valley can be held. To this Grant replied on the 3rd of October; You can take up such position in the Valley as you think can and ought to be held, and send all the force not required for this immediately here.. This, it has been seen, was always his policy. He disliked to overrule the judgment of a distant subordinate; if he distrusted a general, he preferred to remove him; but in Sheridan he now placed almost implicit confidence. He still, however, omitted no precaution which, as general-in-chief, it was his duty to employ, and carefully consi
periors wished: his preparations were so elaborate that they interfered not only with his celerity, but with his promptness; and both Grant and Sherman more than once thought him too deliberate. Nevertheless, he was in some notable instances so eminently successful that the world will probably give a verdict in his favor which greater soldiers might withhold. But in his best moments it was always a defensive genius that he displayed. Thomas had been sent to Nashville as early as the 3rd of October. His orders were to organize the troops in Middle Tennessee, and drive Forrest from the national communications in that region, while Sherman watched the movements of the main rebel army in the neighborhood of Atlanta. He announced his arrival to Grant, and from that time reported the situation daily to the general-in-chief, although most of his orders still came from Sher man. Forrest had already captured Athens and a few isolated block-houses which he could not hold, cut both the ra
force, in a winter's campaign, which was able to make an obstinate resistance to twice its numbers, in spring and summer. In conclusion, I can safely state that this army is willing to submit to any sacrifice to oust Hood's army, or to strike any other blow which may contribute to the destruction of the rebellion. The defence was eloquent, but on one or two points hardly fair. Sherman left Thomas much more than two corps, as has been repeatedly shown; and Thomas had been, since the 3rd of October, in command of all the district north of the Tennessee. His Headquarters were established at the greatest depot west of the Alleghanies, where thousands of quartermasters' employes were at his disposal to provide transportation, and every facility was afforded for supplying and equipping his troops. Few armies during the war were better furnished than that which fought so successfully at Nashville. It was to ensure this readiness that Thomas had so persistently retreated and delayed;
Somerville Historical Society Season of 1904-1905 October 3—Business Meeting. Light refreshments will be served.November 2—From the Stage Coach to the Parlor Car; or, The Romance of the Railroad in Massachusetts. Charles E. Mann, Malden. November 16—Old Somerville and Charlestown End. George Y. Wellington, President Arlington Historical Society. December 5—Business Meeting. Light refreshments will be served.December 7—Incidents in a Long Life in the Public Service. Jairus Mann. December 21—The Beginnings of the Boston and Lowell Railroad. Frank E. Merrill. Light refreshments will be served.January 4—An Evening with Edwin day Sibley. January 18—Concerning Some Neighboring Historical Societies. David H. Brown, President Medford Historical Society. Eugene Tappan, Secretary Sharon Historical Society. Light refreshments will be served.February 1—Neighborhood Sketch.—In and About Union Square, No. 2. Charles D. Elliot. February 6—B
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book IV:—the first autumn. (search)
ft the defile of Travellers' Repose, to take position on the heights of Buffalo Hill, a natural terrace, easily fortified, from which he could command the most important road crossing the Alleghanies. Reynolds, having received reinforcements, and knowing that the only enemy left in front of him was Jackson's small force, resolved to assume the offensive, and started with about six thousand men and thirteen field-pieces for the purpose of attacking him at Buffalo Hill. On the morning of October 3d he arrived in sight of that hill, where the Confederates had constructed several tiers of redoubts, behind which they waited for their adversary, full of confidence in the strength of their position. After Reynolds's infantry had compelled the enemy to retire into his entrenchments the Federal artillery, which was posted in an open plain extending to the foot of Buffalo Hill, opened fire upon the Confederate camp. The superiority both in the number and in the calibre of these field-piece
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book VII:—politics. (search)
rmy. In conformity with these instructions, General Dix, who was in command of Fortress Monroe and Norfolk, determined to undertake an expedition west of that place, and asked for the co-operation of Flusser's flotilla for that purpose. The land-troops were to advance from Suffolk by following the Norfolk and Weldon Railroad, and meet at the Franklin bridge, on the Blackwater River, the gun-boats which should have ascended this tributary of the Chowan. The rendezvous was fixed for the 3d of October. The naval force was alone punctual, Dix having relinquished his project at the last moment. The gun-boats, after a navigation rendered more difficult by the narrowness and sinuosities of the Blackwater, found the Confederates at Franklin ready to receive them. One or two regiments of infantry posted along the right bank, under the command of General Pettigrew, opened a terrific fire upon the Federal vessels just as the latter were turning a difficult angle in the river. Scattered at
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book II:—the siege of Chattanooga. (search)
ies of the Tennessee, the Cumberland, and the Ohio, and that it was expedient to place under one supreme command the direction of this sort of aulic council, the voice of which was heard only in the telegraphic-office at Washington. Nobody could dispute with Grant the claim to this role. President Lincoln determined to give him, under the designation of the Military Division of the Mississippi, the command of all the armies operating between the great river and the Alleghanies. On the 3d of October, Halleck called him to Cairo: despite the precautions he had taken, Grant received the despatch only on the 10th, when he immediately embarked for the north. Sherman had arrived at Memphis on the 2d of October with G. A. Smith's division. Osterhaus had repaired by rail to Corinth, where Hurlbut's two divisions had already arrived. J. E. Smith was preparing to follow him by the same road; his troops were already collected at the station, but locomotives and cars were wanting. As G.
men from the town of Boston, complaining of the grievances the colonists labor under, and Jonas Dix, Esq., Captain Abijah Brown, Leonard Williams, Esq., and Deacon Isaac Stearns were appointed a committee to draw up a vote in answer and report. September 30, 1774, Captain Abijah Brown, Leonard Williams, Esq., and Captain Jonathan Brewer were appointed a committee to draft instructions to their Representative respecting the several towns forming themselves into a Provincial Congress, and October 3d following Joshua Bigelow was chosen delegate to the Congress at Concord. January 9, 1775, The question was then put to know the minds of the town, whether they will all be prepared and stand ready equipt as minute men? And the town answered in the affirmative. How quickly the minute-men of the towns of Massachusetts responded to the call of their Committee of Safety, issued the day after the battle of Lexington, is too well known to be repeated here. Companies and individual volunt
s in the western world. Charles the Second, a fugitive from England, was still the sovereign of Virginia. Virginia was whole for monarchy, and the last country, belonging to England, that submitted to obedience of the commonwealth. Hammond's Leah and Rachel, 20; Ed. 1656. But the parliament did not long permit its authority to be denied. Having, by the vigorous energy and fearless enthusiasm of republicanism, triumphed over all its enemies in Europe, it turned its attention to the Oct. 3. colonies; and a memorable ordinance Hazard, i. 637, 638. Parliamentary History, III. 1357. The commentary of Chalmers, p. 123, is that of a partisan lawyer. at once empowered the council of state to reduce the rebellious colonies to obedience, and, at the same time, established it as a law, that foreign ships should not trade at any of the ports in Barbadoes, Antigua, Bermudas, and Virginia. Maryland, which was not expressly included in the ordinance, had taken care to acknowledge the
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