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e Raritan and the Minnisink, their cherished institutions, and even their criminal jurisprudence. Soon 1664 Sept. 20. after the surrender, a similar petition was renewed to the representative of the duke of York; and, as the parties, heedless of the former grant to Herman, succeeded in obtaining from the Indians a deed of an ex- Oct. 28. tensive territory on Newark Bay, Nicolls, ignorant as yet of the sale of New Jersey, and having already granted land on Hackensack Neck, encouraged emi- Oct. 3. gration by ratifying the sale. The tract afterwards Dec. 2 became known as the Elizabethtown purchase, and led to abundant litigation. In April, 1665, a further 1665 April 8. patent was issued, under the same authority, to William Goulding and others, for the region extending from Sandy Hook to the mouth of the Raritan. For a few months, East New Jersey bore the name of Albania. Nicolls could boast that on the new pur- Nov. chases from the Indians, three towns were beginning; and und
peace, and plenty, all the land over.—You are come to a quiet land, and liberty and authority are in your hands. Rule for Him under whom the princes of this world will one day esteem it their honor to govern in their places.—And thou, Philadelphia, the virgin settlement of this province, my soul prays to God for thee, that thou mayest stand in the day of trial, and that thy children may be blessed.—Dear friends, my love salutes you all. And after he reached England, he assured the eager Oct. 3. inquirers, that things went on sweetly with Friends in Pennsylvania; that they increased finely in outward things and in wisdom. The question respecting the boundaries between the domains of Lord Baltimore and of William Penn was Dec 9. promptly resumed before the committee of trade and plantations; and, after many hearings, it was decided, Chap. XVI.} 1685. Oct. 17. Nov. 7. that the tract of Delaware did not constitute a part of Maryland. The proper boundaries of the territory remai<
nesty, with fiery energy, conciseness of speech, and dignity of manner, arrived first at its place of meeting. A little delay in its organization gave time for the representatives of New Jersey, where the lawyers were resolved to forego all business rather than purchase a stamp, to imitate the example of Delaware. Such a Congress, said Colden to the delegates from Massachusetts, is unconstitutional and unlawful; and I shall give them no countenance. While they were waiting, on the third day of October, the last stamp officer north of the Potomac, the stubborn John Hughes, a quaker of Philadelphia, as he lay desperately ill, heard muffled drums beat through the city, and the State House bell ring muffled, and then the trampling feet of the people assembling to demand his resignation. His illness obtained for him chap. XVIII.} 1765. Oct. some forbearance; but his written promise was extorted, not to do any thing that should have the least tendency to put the Stamp Act into executi
s lifetime, the ministry never avowed a readiness to yield to the claims of the colonists. But the night before the Stamp Act was to have gone into effect, the Duke, all weary of life, which for him had been without endearments, died suddenly, on his way to a cabinet council, and his influence, which had no foundation but in accident, perished with him. Weakened by his death, and hopelessly divided in opinion, the ministry showed itself more and more unsettled in its policy. On the third of October they had agreed that the American question was too weighty for their decision, and required that parliament should be consulted, and yet they postponed its meeting for the transaction of business, till there had been time to see if the Stamp Act would indeed execute itself. To Franklin, who was unwearied in his efforts to promote its repeal, no hope was given of relief; and though the committee of merchants, who on the twelfth day of December waited on Rockingham, Dowdeswell, chap. X
; and the first is by far the most eligible. Sullivan was sent to fortify Portsmouth; Trumbull, of Connecticut, took thought for the defence of New London. Meantime, the congress at Philadelphia was still Chap. XLVII.} 1775. Oct. halting in the sluggishness of irresolution; and, so long as there remained the dimmest hope of favor to its petition, the lukewarm patriots had the advantage. No court as yet had power to sanction the condemnation of vessels taken from the enemy. On the third of October, one of the delegates of Rhode Island laid before Congress their instructions to use their whole influence for building, equipping, and employing an American fleet. It was the origin of our navy. The proposal met great opposition; but John Adams engaged in it heartily, and pursued it unremittingly, though for a long time against wind and tide. On the fifth, Washington was authorized to employ two armed vessels to intercept British storeships, bound for Quebec; on the thirteenth, cong
of supernatural intervention, bound them to self-relying diligence in Chap. V.} 1778. the duty that was before them. They had the confidence and joy of fellow-workers with the divine ordering for the highest welfare of mankind. On the third of October the commissioners for Oct. 3. restoring peace to the colonies addressed a farewell manifesto to the members of congress, the several assemblies, and other inhabitants of America, that their persistence in separating from Great Britain wouldOct. 3. restoring peace to the colonies addressed a farewell manifesto to the members of congress, the several assemblies, and other inhabitants of America, that their persistence in separating from Great Britain would change the whole nature and future conduct of this war; that the extremes of war should so distress the people and desolate the country, as to make them of little avail to France. Congress published the paper in the gazettes to convince the people of the insidious designs of the commissioners. In the British house of commons, Coke of Norfolk proposed an address to the king to disavow the declaration. Lord George Germain defended it, insisting that the Americans by their alliance were become
den. The three powers agreed to support each other against all and every attack by reprisals and other means. Each power was to fit out a fleet, and the several commanders were ordered to protect every mercantile ship of the three nations against injury. When in autumn it came to Chap. XX.} 1780. light that Bernstorff in a separate treaty with Great Britain had compromised the rule on contraband, the minister was for the time dismissed from office. Bismarck to Frederic, 5 and 12 Sept., 3 and 10 Oct., 11 and 14 Nov., 1780. It may here be added that on the seventh of May, 1781, May 7. Frederic of Prussia, acceded to the armed neutrality, and obtained its protection for the commerce of his people. Five months later, Joseph the Second overcame his ill-humored demurs, and, by yielding by treaty to the empress, gained advantages for the commerce of Belgium. The accession of Portugal took place in July, 1782; that of Naples in February 1782. of the following year; that of the Ott
rtaking to conquer Jamaica for Spain; and it now shares in the defeat before Gibraltar. Vergennes saw that France needed and demanded repose. To obtain a release from his engagement to Spain, he was ready to make great sacrifices on the part of his own country, and to require them of America. Congress was meanwhile instructing Franklin to use his utmost endeavors to effect the loan of four millions of dollars through the kind and generous exertions of the king of France; and on the third Oct. 3. of October it renewed its resolution to hearken to no propositions for peace except in confidence and in concert with him. On the fourteenth of the same 14. month, Vergennes thus explained to the French envoy at Philadelphia the policy of France: If we are so happy as to make peace, the king must Chap. XXIX.} 1782. Oct. then cease to subsidize the American army, which will be as useless as it has been habitually inactive. We are astonished at the demands which continue to be made upon u
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 22., Medford a century ago—1819. (search)
mes Ford surveyed eleven tons and fourteen feet of pine timber at ninepence per ton, and $1.40 paid his fee. Probably this was for the great bridge. Timothy Bigelow seems to have been the town's banker, as the selectmen directed the payment of $99.00 interest on $1,650, loaned by him to the town. As the educational matters were administered by the selectmen we find: To Eliza Wait teacher 26 wks 4.00 including board104.00 Wm. Bradbury boarding Miss Eliza Gray schoolmistress May 3 to Oct. 3. 26 wks52.00 Eliza Gray teaching at the schoolhouse 26 wks52.00 Rhoda Turner, use and improvement of room for a schoolroom 6 mos.25.00 To Jeduthun Richardson the 3 following accts. For the services of his daughters Sally & Harriet keeping school May I to Oct. 30 25 wks 3 1/2d. a 2.00 per wk51.40 use of room for school20.00 for boarding teachers 25 wks 5 1/2d.51.57 —— 122.97 By the above it appears that the town paid the teachers' board for the Sundays before and after the summer
"Sea-going Coffins." --A writer in the London Shipping Gazette styles the iron screw steamships, now extensively employed in navigating the waters of Northern Europe, as "sea-going coffins. " No less than six or seven of them were lost (five foundered) in a gale October 3d and 4th, the loss of life amounting to about two hundred persons.
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