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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Germantown, battle of. (search)
is brother in removing these obstructions, and sent strong detachments from his army to occupy the shores of the Delaware be1ow Philadelphia, which the Americans still held. Perceiving the weakening of Howe's army, and feeling the necessity of speedily striking a blow that should revive the spirits of the Americans, it was resolved to attack the British army at Germantown. Washington had been reinforced by Maryland and New Jersey troops. His army moved in four columns during the night of Oct. 3, the divisions of Sullivan and Wayne, flanked by General Conway's brigade on the right, moving by way of Chestnut Hill, while Armstrong, with Pennsylvania militia, made a circuit to gain the left and rear of the enemy. The divisions of Greene and Stephen, flanked by McDougall's brigade (two-thirds of the whole army), moved on a circuitous route to attack the front of the British right wing, while the Maryland and New Jersey militia, under Smallwood and Forman, marched to fall upon the rear
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gibbons, James 1834- (search)
Baltimore; and soon after was appointed pastor of St. Bridget's Church, in Canton, a suburb of Baltimore. Subsequently he was private secretary to Archbishop Spalding, and chancellor of the diocese. In October, 1866, he was appointed assistant chancellor to the Second Plenary Council of the American Roman Catholic Church, which met in Baltimore, and in 1868 became vicar-apostolic of North Carolina, with the title of bishop. On May 20, 1877, he was appointed coadjutor archbishop of Baltimore, and on Oct. 3 of the same year succeeded to the see. In November, 1884, he presided at the Third National Council at Baltimore. In 1886 lie was elevated to the dignity of cardinal, being the second prelate in the United States to attain that high distinction. Cardinal Gibbons boldly put an end to Cahenslyism (q. v.) in the United States, and has shown himself to be a thorough American citizen. He is the author of The faith of our fathers; Our Christian heritage; and The ambassador of Christ.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tallasahatchee, battle of. (search)
h 500 dragoons and as many mounted volunteers as could join him immediately, towards the Creek country. Jackson, with his arm in a sling, joined him soon afterwards, and drilled his troops thoroughly for the emergency. When he arrived at the Coosa he was informed that the hostile Creeks were assembled at Tallasahatchee, a town in an open woodland. Jackson sent the stalwart Coffee, with 1,000 horsemen, to attack them. He was accompanied by friendly Creeks and Cherokees. On the morning of Oct. 3, by a manoeuvre, the Indians were decoyed out of the town, when they fell upon the Tennesseeans furiously. They were immediately smitten by a volley of bullets and a charge of the cavalry. The Creeks fought valiantly. Inch by inch they were pushed back by the narrowing circle of their assailants, who attacked them at all points. Not one would ask quarter, but fought as long as he could wield a weapon. Every warrior was killed. In falling back to their village, they became mingled with
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
aloon law, enacted 1880, goes into effect......1881 National law-and-order league organized at Boston......Feb. 22, 1882 Henry W. Longfellow, born 1807, dies at Cambridge......March 24, 1882 Ralph Waldo Emerson, born 1803, dies at Concord......April 27, 1882 Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women, Harvard annex, organized Jan. 14, 1879, incorporated......Aug. 16, 1882 Celebration at Marshfield of the 100th anniversary of the birthday of Daniel Webster (postponed from Oct. 3)......Oct. 11, 1882 Tom Thumb (Charles H. Stratton), born 1838, dies at Middleborough......July 15, 1883 Foreign exhibition opens in Boston, continuing until Jan. 12, 1884......Sept. 3, 1883 Wendell Phillips, born 1811, dies at Boston......Feb. 2, 1884 Charles O'Conor, born 1804, dies at Nantucket......May 12, 1884 Statue of John Harvard unveiled at Cambridge......Oct. 15, 1884 William C. Endicott appointed United States Secretary of War......March 6, 1885 Elizur Wright,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mississippi, (search)
1, 1861 Confederate government removes the State archives from Jackson to Columbus for safety......June 16, 1862 Chief military operations in Mississippi during 1862 were as follows: General Beauregard evacuates Corinth, and Halleck takes possession, May 29; United States gunboat Essex bombards Natchez and the city surrenders, Sept. 10; Rosecrans defeats Confederates under Price in a battle at Iuka, Sept. 19-20; unsuccessful attack on Corinth by the Confederates under General Van Dorn, Oct. 3-4; Grenada occupied by General Hovey's expedition, 20,000 strong, Dec. 2; Van Dorn defeats the Federal cavalry in battle of Coffeeville, Dec. 5; Holly Springs surrendered to the Confederates, Dec. 20; unsuccessful attack of Federals on Vicksburg......Dec. 27-29, 1862 Important military operations during 1863: Colonel Grierson with Federal troops makes a raid through the State from Tennessee to Louisiana, April 17–May 5; naval battle of Grand Gulf, April 29; McClernand defeats the Confeder
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, (search)
on on the Lummi River, Jan. 22, and later with the tribes farther north, selecting a reservation about the head of Hood Canal......January, 1854 Capital fixed at Olympia by act of legislature......1854 Gold discovered near Fort Colville......1855 Treaty with the Nez Perces, Cayuses, Walla Wallas, and Yakimas at Waiilatpu, by commissioners from Governor Stevens......June 11, 1855 Indian war begins; Indians attack eighty-four soldiers under Maj. G. O. Haller, sent from Fort Dalles, Oct. 3, for the Yakima country......Oct. 6, 1855 Three families massacred by Indians in White River Valley......Oct. 28, 1855 Indians under Leschi, Owhi, and Tecumseh, attacking Seattle, dispersed by shells from the sloop-of-war Decatur......Jan. 26, 1856 Indians defeated in an attack on troops at White River......March 8, 1856 Yakimas and Klikitats sweep down upon the Cascades, massacre the family of B. W. Brown, March 26, and besiege the garrison until relieved by troops under Colon
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Vane, Sir Henry 1612- (search)
Vane, Sir Henry 1612- Colonial governor; born in Hadlow, Kent, England, in 1612; was a son of Sir Henry secretary Of State under King James and Charles I. In early Life he refused to take the oath of supremacy, became a Puritan and a re publican arrived at Boston in 1835 (Oct. 3), and was almost immediately chosen governor. His was a stormy administration, for it was agitated by the Hutchinson controversy, (see Hutchinson, Anne). Vane was enlightened and tolerant. He abhorred bigotry in every form, warmly defended the inviolability of the rights of conscience and the exemption of religion from all control by the civil authorities, and had no sympathy with the attacks of the clergy upon Mrs. Hutchinson Winthrop whom he had superseded as governor of Massachussets, led a strong opposition to him, and the next year he was defeated as a candidate for re-election, but became a member of the General Court. Late in the summer of 1637 he sailed for England, was elected to Parliament,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Venezuela question. (search)
mit the dispute to arbitration, and under this agreement the following arbitrators were selected: Chief-Justice Fuller, Associate Justice Brewer, Lord Chief-Justice Russell, of Killowen, Sir Richard Henn Collins, and Professor Martens. Ex-President Harrison, Gen. B. F. Tracy, M. Mallet-Prevost, and the Marquis of Rojas were counsel for Venezuela, and Attorney-General Sir Richard Webster and Sir Robert Reed for Great Britain. The arbitration tribunal met in Paris on June 15, 1899, and on Oct. 3 following rendered the following award unanimously: The undersigned, by these presents, give and publish our decision, determining and judging, touching and concerning the questions that have been submitted to us by said arbitration; and, in conformity with said arbitration, we decide, declare, and pronounce definitely that the line of frontier of the colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela is as follows: Starting on the coast at Point Playa, the frontier shall fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Yachting. (search)
Yachting. The contest for the America's Cup, under the last challenge by Sir Thomas Lipton (q. v.), took place in New York Bay in the autumn of 1901, between Shamrock II., representing the Royal Ulster Yacht Club of Great Britain, and the Columbia, representing the New York Yacht Club. The first race, Sept. 26, ended in a fluke, the yachts being unable to finish within the time limit, the Columbia being ahead at the finish. The second race, Sept. 28, resulted in a victory for the Columbia. In the third attempt, Oct. 1, the race was called off because of the inability of the yachts to finish in time, Shamrock II. leading. The fourth race, Oct. 3, was won by the Columbia; and the fifth and decisive one, Oct. 4, was also won by the Columbia, which thus kept the coveted cup in the United States. For previous contests for this trophy, see America's cup.
ound ships defy all the bad weather, so prevalent in this stream, on account of the easterly current which accelerates their passage, at the rate of from two, to three miles, per hour. The stream, therefore, has been literally bearded by commerce, and has become one of its principal highways. It is because it is a highway of commerce that the Alabama now finds herself in it. Nor was she long in it, before the travellers on the highway began to come along. Early on the morning of the 3d of October, two sail were simultaneously reported by the look-out at the mast-head— one right ahead, and the other on the lee-bow. As both the ships were standing in our direction, there was no necessity for a chase. We had nothing to do but await their approach. As their hulls were lifted above the horizon, we could see that they were fine, large ships, with a profusion of tapering spars and white canvas. We at once pronounced them American; and so, after a little, they proved to be. They wer
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