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or gallant service at Contreras and Churubusco, and also the brevet of lieutenant for distinguished service at Chapultepec. He served with the regular army in the Territory of Washington, and at various posts in the West until June 25, 1861, when he resigned. He was appointed a colonel in the Confederate army, on July 23, and on January 14, 1862, he was appointed as brigadier-general. He served in command of a brigade in Longstreet's division of General Joseph E. Johnston's Army, and on October 11 he was made major-general, commanding a division in the Army of Northern Virginia. General Pickett made a memorable charge against the Federal front at Cemetery Hill on the third day of Gettysburg, his division having reached the field on that day. In September, 1863, General Pickett commanded the Department of North Carolina and operated against Drewry's Bluff in the following year, after his return to Virginia. He was defeated at Lynchburg in an attempt to Confederate generals--n
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 2.11 (search)
d, chivalrous instincts, were never guilty, when in the enemy's territory, of such wanton destruction of the private property of weeping women and little children. Sheridan understands the torch and axe better than the sword, and prefers their use. His models and examplars in history seem to be the merciless leaders of the Goths, Vandals and other relentless barbarians, who invaded and subdued Rome and Italy. He delights to imitate and excel them in their cruel, barbaric mode of war. October 11th and 12th Borrowed a Horace of Miss Lizzie S----, and employed myself reading his odes and satires. Mrs. W----n called with the intention of reading to me from her book of Common Prayer, but, seeing a Bible at the head of my bed, declined, although I urged it. October 13th Fresh reports of General Early's advancing upon Winchester. The ladies are much excited about it, and pray for his return. The enemy share in the excitement, and are having many of their wounded, as well as w
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Official diary of First corps, A. N. V., while commanded by Lt.-General R. H. Anderson, from June 1st to October 18, 1864. (search)
the New Market road. Field at once attacks him, and Major Johnson has a spirited artillery combat. Field's attack fails. Hoke cannot get at the enemy out of his trenches and does not move. In the afternoon the troops are posted behind Cornelius creek General Gregg killed; Bratton wounded. October 8, 9 Quiet and without change. October 10 Field and Hoke move down in front of Cornelius creek and a line of rifle pits formed. Gary puts two regiments on the left of Field. October 11, 12 Quiet. Troops occupied in strengthening their defences. October 13 Early in the morning Gary's pickets are driven in on the Charles City road. He has hastily to send for the mounted regiment he had on the Nine-Mile road. A force of the enemy presses Field's left and endeavors to turn it. The Texas and Law's brigade are thrown rapidly to the left of the Darbytown road and the others moved up to it, Hoke closing in on Field. The day passes in efforts of the enemy to feel our
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 11: (search)
he campaign, to leave Hood to General Thomas, and to march across Georgia to Savannah or Charleston, that I again telegraphed to General Grant: Kingston, Ga., October 11, 11 A. M. Lieutenant-General Grant. We can not now remain on the defensive. With twenty-five thousand infantry, and the bold cavalry he has, Hood can constispatch of November 2d was his first assent to the March, he had really given such assent three weeks before, in the following answer to Sherman's telegram of October 11th, heretofore quoted: City Point, Va., October 11, 1864, 11:30 P. M. Major-General Sherman. Your dispatch of to-day received. If you are satisfied t had never received it in the field, however, he need not now have made the above mistake of three weeks in so important a date, since General Grant's reply of October 11th was printed in full in his final report of the operations of the armies. On page 157 Sherman says: So it is clear that at that date [October 17] neither Gen
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 19: battle of Chickamauga (search)
as about this time that Gen. W. F. Smith, known in the U. S. Army as Baldy Smith, was assigned to the Federal army, as chief engineer. He superintended the execution of the skilful strategic moves, previously designed by Rosecrans, by which the blockade of Chattanooga was broken. Also those by which Grant on Nov. 25 so easily, and with such little loss, routed Bragg at Chattanooga. The opportunity to blockade the wagon traffic was not at once understood by the Confederates, and it was Oct. 11 before it was fully enforced. After that date wagons were often eight days in bringing a load from Stevenson, and reduced rations were issued to the Federals. Wheeler's cavalry in a raid had destroyed most of the transportation of the 14th corps, but was itself nearly destroyed by the opportunity of plundering the wagons. Couriers reported that from Bridgeport to the foot of the mountains the mud is up to the horses' bellies. On the 6th Rosecrans reported the possession of the river is
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XVI (search)
direct operations against Hood by Thomas in Tennessee were very materially more complete than they were in fact, and he so represented the matter to General Grant. It seems quite certain that Grant was laboring under a serious misapprehension in respect to Thomas's condition to cope with Hood, and no doubt Grant's subsequent impatience in respect to Thomas's action was largely due to this fact. This point deserves close consideration. Grant's first assent to Sherman's plan was made, October 11, on the condition of holding the line of the Tennessee firmly. On October 22 Sherman telegraphed: I am now perfecting arrangements to put into Tennessee a force able to hold the line of the Tennessee. Even as late as November 1, Grant again suggested to Sherman that Hood ought to be his objective, now that he has gone so far north. At an earlier hour the same day, in the despatch above quoted, Sherman telegraphed, trusting that General Thomas. . . will be able in a very few days to as
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Index (search)
pondence on the army retirement bill, 449, 481; retires in favor of Sheridan, 449, 453; inspires plan of reform in the War Department, 478, 479; interest in the relations between the President and the general-in-chief, 539; regard for military courtesy, 541; visits to the War Department, 541, 542; visits to the President, 541, 542; life in New York, 542; death and burial, 542 Correspondence with: Grant, U. S., April 4, 1864, 340; Sept. 12, 306, 333; Sept. 20, 306, 315, 333; Oct. 10, 315; Oct. 11, 307, 315-317, 323, 325; Oct. 22, 318, 325; Nov. 1, 310,318, 319,322, 325, 334; Nov. 2, 307,319,321, 325; Nov. 6, 310, 320, 333-335; Nov. 7, 320; Dec. 3, 327; Dec. 6, 327, 332, 333; Dec. 16, 327; Dec. 24, 327, 328, 334: Halleck, Sept. 25, 1864, 333: Schofield, J. M., Oct. 1864, 165; Dec. 28, 252, 254, 255, 326; May 5, 1865, 370; March 28, 1876, 439, 440; March 29, 440; March 30, 440, 441; May 25, 1876, 445, 453; Dec. 13, 1880, 447; Dec. 14, 448; May 3, 1881, 450,451, 453: Thomas, G. H., Oct
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discovery of. (search)
day the tenth, although abundance of birds were continually passing both by day and night, they never ceased to complain. The admiral upraided their want of resolution, and declared that they must perish in their endeavours to discover the Indies, for which he and they had been sent out by their Catholic majesties. It would have been impossible for the admiral to have much longer withstood the numbers which now opposed him; but it pleased God that, in the afternoon of Thursday the eleventh of October, such manifest tokens of being near the land appeared, that the men took courage and rejoiced at their good fortune as much as they had been before distressed. From the admiral's ships a green rush was seen to float past, and one of those green fish which never go far from the rocks. The people in the Pinta saw a cane and a staff in the water, and took up another staff very curiously carved, and a small board, and great plenty of weeds were seen which seemed to have been recently t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bainbridge, William, 1774-1833 (search)
to Constantinople for that petty despot. On his return, with power given him by the William Bainbridge. Sultan, Bainbridge frightened the insolent Dey, compelling him to release all Christian prisoners then in his possession. He returned to the United States in 1801, and he was again sent to the Mediterranean with the frigate Essex. Upon the declaration of war against the United States by Tripoli, in 1803, Bainbridge was put in command of the Philadelphia, one of Preble's squadron. On Oct. 11 the Philadelphia struck on a rock neal Tripoli, and was captured, with her commander and crew. At Tripoli Bainbridge and 315 of his men remained prisoners about nineteen months. On his return to the United States, he was received with great respect, and in the reorganization of the navy, in 1806, he became the seventh in the list of captains. Having obtained the rank of commodore, Bainbridge was appointed to the command of a squadron (September, 1812) composed of the Constitution, (flagsh
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Champlain, Lake, operations on (search)
of them as commodore. A schooner called the Royal Savage was his flag-ship. Carleton, meanwhile, had used great diligence in fitting out an armed flotilla at St. John for the recovery of Crown Point and Ticonderoga. Towards the close of August, Arnold went down the lake with his fleet and watched the foe until early in October, when he fell back to Valcour Island and formed his flotilla for action without skill. Carleton advanced, with Edward Pringle as commodore, and, on the morning of Oct. 11, gained an advantageous position near Arnold's vessels. A very severe battle ensued, in which the Royal Savage was first crippled and afterwards destroyed. Arnold behaved with the greatest bravery during a fight of four or five hours, until it was closed by the falling of night. In the darkness Arnold escaped with his vessels from surrounding dangers and pushed up the lake, but was overtaken on the 13th. One of the vessels, the Washington, was run on shore and burned, while Arnold, in th
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