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40. in Memoriam. October 21st, 1861. The oaks whirl down their crimson leaves, And make the pathways red as blood; But redder far, with ghastlier stains, Potomac's banks and rushing flood. We mourn for those, the early dead, Who sleep in glory's crimson grave; Still may their names a watchword be To the sad land they died to save. Now, on the far Pacific's shore, New joined to us in heart and hand, Sad breezes sigh, and mournfully The rivers roll their golden sands. A darker burden bears that stream Whose waters, rolling to the sea, Carry the tribute sealed in blood, Our offering paid to liberty. In grief, in pain, and toil, and tears, We sow the holy seed of truth, That, springing from the blood-drenched earth, Shall blossom in perennial youth. Then rest in peace, O noble hearts, Who to your country's altars gave Your youth, your swords, your lives, your all And died your country's life to save! --Boston Evening Transcript, Oct. 31.
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 15 (search)
s, landed at Tuscumbia, and was sent to me at Iuka. He bore a short message from the general to this effect: Drop all work on the railroad east of Bear Creek; push your command toward Bridgeport till you meet orders; etc. Instantly the order was executed; the order of march was reversed, and all the columns were directed to Eastport, the only place where we could cross the Tennessee. At first we only had the gunboats and coal-barge; but the ferry-boat and two transports arrived on the 31st of October, and the work of crossing was pushed with all the vigor possible. In person I crossed, and passed to the head of the column at Florence on the 1st of November, leaving the rear divisions to be conducted by General Blair, and marched to Rogersville and Elk River. This was found impassable. To ferry would have consumed too much time, and to build a bridge still more; so there was no alternative but to turn up Elk River by way of Gilbertsboro, Elkton, etc., to the stone bridge at Fayett
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 21 (search)
i, Tennessee; and General Thomas ordered General Schofield, with the Twenty-third Corps, to Columbia, Tennessee, a place intermediate between Hood (then on the Tennessee River, opposite Florence) and Forrest, opposite Johnsonville. On the 31st of October General Croxton, of the cavalry, re ported that the enemy had crossed the Tennessee River four miles above Florence, and that he had endeavored to stop him, but without success. Still, I was convinced that Hood's army was in no condition to over, would be compelled to select a point inaccessible to these gunboats. He actually did choose such a place, at the old railroad-piers, four miles above Florence, Alabama, which is below Muscle Shoals and above Colbert Shoals. On the 31st of October Forrest made his appearance on the Tennessee River opposite Johnsonville (whence a new railroad led to Nashville), and with his cavalry and field-pieces actually crippled and captured two gunboats with five of our transports, a feat of arms
at Bayou Bourbeaux, about nine miles this side of that village, which took place on the third of November, involving, as you will see, very important results to the Twenty-third Wisconsin. My description, being largely that of my own personal hazards and experience, must be taken for what it is worth in a purely military sense, as I do not pretend to give an accurate account of movements on the field, or the reasons for them. We reached Opelousas after dark, on the night of the thirty-first of October, stopping with Major-General Washburn, who received us with great kindness, and on the first of November, fell back with the whole army — the Thirteenth and Nineteenth corps--to Carrion Crow Bayou, about twelve miles. The brigade of Colonel Owen, (General Burbridge's old brigade,) in which were the troops I was assigned to pay, was at Bear's Landing, eleven miles in advance of Opelousas, and came in on another road, camping at Bayou Bourbeaux, three miles nearer Opelousas than the b
executed, and the order of march was reversed, and all columns directed to Eastport, the only place where I could cross the Tennessee. At first I only had the gunboats and coalbarge, but the two transports and ferry-boat arrived on the thirty-first October, and the work of crossing was pushed with all the vigor possible. In person I crossed, and passed to the head of the column in Florence on the first November, leaving the rear division to be conducted by General Blair, and marched to RoGeneral Thomas. headquarters Department of the Cumberland, Chattanooga, Dec. 1, 1863. Brigadier-General L. Thomas, Adjutant-General U. S. A., Washington, D. C.: General: The following operations of the army of the Cumberland, since October thirty-first, are respectfully submitted to the General-in-Chief: As soon as communications with Bridgeport had been made secure, and the question of supplying the army at this point rendered certain, preparations were at once commenced for driving
, and while bullets dimpled the water he swam with the flag safe across. About sundown we were reenforced by the Eighth Michigan and One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois cavalry. The rebels, thinking we were too many for them, fell back. The companies across the river returned one at a time in the little ferry-boat till all were over. Then we straightened up and went into camp, and we do not think we ever saw a much darker night, and raining very hard, and had been all the evening. October thirty-first, our brigade moved on to Knoxville, and went into the camp we left on the night of the twenty-second. November first, at six o'clock in the morning, our brigade moved out into town, but every thing not being ready, we were ordered to return to camp and wait till twelve o'clock. At two o'clock we moved out, crossed the river on the pontoon — the same bridge we had at Loudon — marched to Rockford, a small town on Little River, and camped for the night. November second, crossed Lit
ng to General Morgan's report. On the evening of the twenty-eighth, preparatory to our march to Rome, Morgan's and Carlin's divisions, with the trains, crossed the Chattooga River, on a bridge erected by Colonel Gleason, commanding brigade Third division, near the town, and on the following morning, the twenty-ninth, the whole corps marched for that place during the evening and the following morning, and went into camp on the north bank of the Oostenaula River. October thirtieth and thirty-first, the troops remained in camp on De Soto Hill, awaiting orders, without change of position, except the movement of my trains to Kingston under escort of a part of General Morgan's division. On the first of November, the whole of General Morgan's division marched and went into camp at Kingston, and was joined by the remainder of the corps on the of November, where it remained prosecuting its preparations for the grand campaign through Georgia, just closed in the capture of Savannah. W
five miles from here. Oct. 30. I know you will be astonished, but it is true, that I went this evening to a fandango. The regulars just in from Utah gave a little soiree to the other regulars; music, a little dancing, and some supper. I went there intending to remain ten minutes, and did stay fully an hour and a half. I met Mrs. Andrew Porter, Mrs. Palmer and her mother, Mrs. Hancock, and several other army ladies. It was very pleasant to get among old acquaintances once more. Oct. 31. . . . You remember my wounded friend Col. Kelly, whom we met at Wheeling? He has just done a very pretty thing at Romney — thrashed the enemy severely, taken all their guns, etc. I am very glad to hear it. . . . Our George they have taken it into their heads to call me. I ought to take good care of these men, for I believe they love me from the bottom of their hearts; I can see it in their faces when I pass among them. I presume the Scott war will culminate this meek. Whatever it ma
rtermaster with the army, will show what progress was made in supplying the army with clothing from the 1st of Sept. to the date of crossing the Potomac on the 31st of Oct., and that a greater part of the clothing did not reach our depots until after the 14th of Oct.: Statement of clothing and equipage received at the different to Oct. 1517,00011,00022,025 50010,22118,32512,9891,0006,0003,000 From Oct. 15 to Oct. 2540,00019,50065,200 1,2509,00018,8765,0002,5003,6009,000 From Oct 25 to Oct. 3130,000 30,000 1,5003,0082,2009,9005,00020,040  Total97,70034,500123,4254,1906,25028,22945,60133,88912,70033,84023,100 Received at the depots.Camp-kettles.Mess-pact. 6 to Oct. 151,3022,10012,000500 8757,00012,0609,5007,0002,655 From Oct. 15 to Oct. 251,8944,50014,7701,7506,5003,500 22,50039,62052,9002,424 From Oct. 25 to Oct. 31   1,0004,3842,015 7,50025,000 11,595 Total3,9958,63030,2704,45010,9047,5909,20044,06076,12061,90016,674 Col. Ingalls, chief-quartermaster, in his repor
n it is not possible; whenever there is a chance of a wretched innuendo, then it comes. But the good of the country requires me to submit to all this. Berlin, Oct. 31. . . . I don't expect to move headquarters from here for a couple of days; but in the meanwhile the troops are constantly crossing and the army getting into position for the advance. Oct. 31. If you can get to a comparatively permanent place you had better write to Dr. V-to send the sash and sabre by express to you, for I should hate to lose the ugly, rusty old thing — that is, if you would value it any; and perhaps our little child might value it after you and I are dead and gons, and I came in for my share of the trouble in the shape of a visitation for an hour or so. . . . I had a long visit from Mr. Bancroft, the historian, to-day. Oct. 31 (after midnight). . . . From the despatches just received I think I will move headquarters over the river to-morrow. The advance is getting a little too far
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