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on the same day, the fort at the latter, which Montgomery had besieged for some time, cut off from supplies, also surrendered. Montreal fell before the patriots on the 13th, and Montgomery, leaving a garrison at both places, prepared to move on Quebec. Meanwhile Colonel Arnold had led an expedition by way of the Kennebec and Chaudiere rivers, through a terrible wilderness, to the banks of the St. Lawrence (Nov. 9) opposite Quebec. He crossed the river, ascended to the Plains of Abraham (Nov. 13), and, at the head of only 750 half-naked men—with not more than 400 muskets—demanded the surrender of the city. Intelligence of an intended sortie caused Arnold to move 20 miles farther up the river, where he was soon joined by Montgomery. The combined forces returned to Quebec, and began a siege. At the close of the year (1775), in an attempt to take the city by storm, the invaders were repulsed, and Montgomery was killed. Arnold took the command, and was relieved by General Wooster,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Columbus, Christopher 1435-1536 (search)
m come with them, and besought me much. They are now all consoled at being with one who is a relation of them all. He is a man of about forty-five years of age. All these are the words of the Admiral. He also says that he had felt some cold, and that it would not be wise to continue discoveries in a northerly direction in the winter. On this Monday, until sunset, he steered a course east by south, making 18 leagues, and reaching a cape, to which he gave the name of Cabo de Cuba. Tuesday, Nov. 13. This night the ships were on the bowline, as the sailors say, beating to windward without making any progress. At sunset they began to see an opening in the mountains, where two very high peaks were visible. It appeared that here was the division between the land of Cuba and that of Bohio, and this was affirmed by signs, by the Indians who were on board. As soon as the day had dawned, the Admiral made sail towards the land, passing a point which appeared at night to be distant 2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Creighton, Johnston Blakeley 1822- (search)
Creighton, Johnston Blakeley 1822- Naval officer; born in Rhode Island, Nov. 12, 1822; entered the navy in 1838; and during the Civil War served on the Ottawa, the Mahaska, and the Mingo, all of the South Atlantic blockading squadron; and took part in the bombardment of Forts Wagner and Gregg. He was retired as rear-admiral in 1883, and died in Morristown, N. J., Nov. 13, of that year.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Finances, United States. (search)
n issue of $50,000,000 of bonds, redeemable in coin at the pleasure of the government after ten years . . . and bearing interest . . . at the rate of 5 per cent. The minimum premium was fixed at 117.223, thus making the issue equivalent to a 3 per cent. bond. The Secretary issued the call by virtue of an act of 1875; but his authority was challenged by the House judiciary committee Jan. 26, 1894. In spite of this issue of bonds the treasury reserve soon fell below the mark again, and on Nov. 13 of the same year a second issue of $50,000,000 worth of bonds was made. They were all given to a syndicate of bankers at a bid of 117.077. So rapid was the drain on the treasury, however, that on Feb. 8, 1895, the government signed a contract with the Belmont-Morgan syndicate of New York to provide for the treasury 3,500,000 ounces of standard gold coin, amounting to $62,315,000. Payment was made to the syndicate in 4 per cent. bonds. The syndicate was also pledged to help retain all the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kentucky resolutions, the (search)
nistration. In 1798 they succeeded in passing the Naturalization act of June 18, the Alien acts of June 25 and July 6, and the Sedition act of July 14. Virginia, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky petitioned Congress to repeal these laws. Of these, Kentucky felt the most aggrieved, and on Nov. 8, 1798, John Breckinridge introduced the Kentucky resolutions, which were substantially drafted by Jefferson. These were adopted by the Lower House on Nov. 10, by the Upper House on Nov. 13, and approved by the governor on Nov. 16. Copies were immediately printed and sent to the officials of all the other States and to Congress. The following is the text of these resolutions: I. Resolved, that the several States composing the United States of America are not united on the principle of unlimited submission to their general government; but that by compact under the style and title of a Constitution for the United States, and of amendments thereto, they constituted a gener
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Louisiana, (search)
to his director-general and commandant for Louisiana to deliver up to the King of Spain all the French possessions in North America not already ceded to Great Britain. These orders were given in consequence of an act passed at Fontainebleau on Nov. 3, 1762, by which the French King ceded to the King of Spain, and to his successors, the whole country known as Louisiana, together with New Orleans, and the island on which the said city is situated, and of another act passed at the Escurial on Nov. 13, in the same year, by which his Catholic Majesty accepted that cession. When Bonaparte became actual ruler of France as First Consul he felt an ardent desire to re-establish the colonial empire of his country, and with that view he obtained from Spain (1800) the retrocession of Louisiana. Bonaparte had formed a plan for taking immediate possession of New Orleans by an armed expedition. Livingston, the American minister in France, advised his government of this expedition, and declared
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McKinley, William 1843- (search)
llest consideration, and in reaching the conclusion above announced in the light of information communicated to the commission and to the President since your departure, he has been influenced by the single consideration of duty and humanity. The President is not unmindful of the distressed financial condition of Spain, and whatever consideration the United States may show must come from its sense of generosity and benevolence rather than from any real or technical obligation. Again, on Nov. 13, I instructed the commission: From the stand-point of indemnity both the archipelagoes (Porto Rico and the Philippines) are insufficient to pay our war expenses, but aside from this do we not owe an obligation to the people of the Philippines which will not permit us to return them to the sovereignty of Spain? Could we justify ourselves in such a course or could we permit their barter to some other power? Willing or not, we have the responsibility of duty which we cannot escape. . .
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mexico, War with (search)
d at Bexar, in Texas, and by the middle of July 12,000 of them had been mustered into the service. Of these, 9,000 were sent to reinforce Taylor. Wool went up the Rio Grande with about 3,000 troops, crossed the river at Presidio, penetrated Mexico, and, in the last of October, reached Monclova, 70 miles northwest of Monterey. He pushed on to Coahuila, where he obtained ample supplies for his own and Taylor's troops. General Taylor had agreed to an armistice at Monterey. This was ended Nov. 13, by order of his government, when, leaving General Butler in command at Monterey, he marched to Vic- The fight in the streets of Monterey toria, the capital of Tamaulipas, with the intention of attacking Tampico, on the coast. Meanwhile, General Worth, with 900 men, had taken possession of Saltillo (Nov. 15), the capital of Coahuila. Taylor, ascertaining that Tampico had already surrendered to the Americans (Nov. 14), and that Santa Ana was collecting a large force at San Luis Potosi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
Denver, Col.......1891 [While awaiting his second trial he committed suicide in the county jail at Denver, Sept. 3, 1893.] Rev. Charles A. Briggs, charged by the presbytery of New York, Oct. 5, 1891, with teaching doctrines which conflict irreconcilably with, and are contrary to, the cardinal doctrines taught in the Holy Scriptures, in an address at the Union Theological Seminary in New York, Jan. 20, 1891: case dismissed, Nov. 4; prosecuting committee appeal to the general assembly. Nov. 13; judgment reversed and case remanded to the presbytery of New York for new trial, May 30, 1892; Professor Briggs acquitted after a trial of nineteen days......Dec. 30, 1892 John Y. McKane, Gravesend, L. I., for election frauds; convicted and sentenced to Sing Sing for six years......Feb. 19, 1894 Miss Madeline V. Pollard, for breach of promise, against Representative W. C. P. Breckinridge, of Kentucky; damages, $50,000; trial begun March 8, 1894, at Washington, D. C.; verdict of $15
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
Feb. 18, 1826 Jedediah S. Smith, a trapper from the United States, the first to make the trip from Salt Lake, reaches San Gabriel......Dec. 26, 1826 Territorial committee, seven members and three substitutes chosen by the junta of electors at San Diego in February, meets at Monterey......June 14, 1827 Joaquin Solis, a convict ranchero, instigates the troops to revolt against the governor, with a view to give all offices to Californians; soldiers at Monterey seize the presidio, Nov. 12-13, and later meet no opposition at San Francisco......1829 Governor Escheandia by proclamation calls on the Monterey insurgents to surrender, Jan. 7, 1830; recaptures Monterey, Jan. 20; apprehends Solis and other leaders, and sends fifteen of them, on the bark Volunteer, for San Blas......May 9, 1830 Decree for secularization of missions; San Carlos and San Gabriel to be organized as towns, surplus property, after distribution to neophytes, passing to secular administrators; other missions